Opencv之图像阈值

图像阈值

ret, dst = cv2.threshold(src, thresh, maxval, type)

  • src: 输入图,只能输入单通道图像,通常来说为灰度图

  • dst: 输出图

  • thresh: 阈值

  • maxval: 当像素值超过了阈值(或者小于阈值,根据type来决定),所赋予的值

  • type:二值化操作的类型,包含以下5种类型: cv2.THRESH_BINARY; cv2.THRESH_BINARY_INV; cv2.THRESH_TRUNC; cv2.THRESH_TOZERO;cv2.THRESH_TOZERO_INV

  • cv2.THRESH_BINARY 超过阈值部分取maxval(最大值),否则取0

  • cv2.THRESH_BINARY_INV THRESH_BINARY的反转

  • cv2.THRESH_TRUNC 大于阈值部分设为阈值,否则不变

  • cv2.THRESH_TOZERO 大于阈值部分不改变,否则设为0

  • cv2.THRESH_TOZERO_INV THRESH_TOZERO的反转

# 先将图片转化为灰度图
img = cv2.imread('cat.jpg')
img_gray = cv2.cvtColor(img,cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)
ret, thresh1 = cv2.threshold(img_gray, 127, 255, cv2.THRESH_BINARY)
ret, thresh2 = cv2.threshold(img_gray, 127, 255, cv2.THRESH_BINARY_INV)
ret, thresh3 = cv2.threshold(img_gray, 127, 255, cv2.THRESH_TRUNC)
ret, thresh4 = cv2.threshold(img_gray, 127, 255, cv2.THRESH_TOZERO)
ret, thresh5 = cv2.threshold(img_gray, 127, 255, cv2.THRESH_TOZERO_INV)
# 展示图片
titles = ['Gray Image', 'BINARY', 'BINARY_INV', 'TRUNC', 'TOZERO', 'TOZERO_INV']
images = [img, thresh1, thresh2, thresh3, thresh4, thresh5]

for i in range(6):
    plt.subplot(2, 3, i + 1), plt.imshow(images[i], 'gray')
    plt.title(titles[i])
    plt.xticks([]), plt.yticks([])
plt.show()

结果为:
在这里插入图片描述

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