[OpenGL]OpenGL库函数汇总

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OpenGL函数库相关的API有核心库(gl)、实用库(glu)、辅助库(aux)、实用工具库(glut)、窗口库(glx、agl、wgl)和扩展函数库等。从图可以看出,gl是核心,glu是对gl的部分封装。glx、agl、wgl 是针对不同窗口系统的函数。glut是为跨平台的OpenGL程序的工具包,比aux功能强大。扩展函数库是硬件厂商为实现硬件更新利用OpenGL的扩展机制开发的函数。  

目前OpenGL的函数主要包含在3个库中:GL 函数库、GLU 函数库、GLUT 函数库  

GL 库函数 

颜色编辑

glShadeModel,glColor,glColorPointer,glIndex,

glIndexPointer,glColorTableEXT,glColorSubTableEXT

绘制几何图形

glVertex,glVertexPointer,glArrayElement,glBegin , glEnd,

glEdgeFlag , glEdgeFlagv,glPointSize,glLineWidth,glLineStipple,

glPolygonMode,glFrontFace,glPolygonStipple,glDrawElements,glRect

坐标转换

glTranslate,glRotate,glScale,glViewPoint,glFrustum,glOrtho,glClipPlane

堆栈操作

glLoadMatrix,glMultMatrix,glMatrixMode,glPushMatrix , glPopMatrix,

glPushAttrib , glPopAttrib,glPushName , glPopName,glInitName ,glLoadName

显示列表

glNewList , glEndList,glCallList,glCallLists,glGenLists,glDeleteLists,
glIsList,

使用光照和材质

glNormal,glNormalPointer,glLight,glLightModel,glMaterial,glColorMaterial,

像素操作

glRasterPos,glBitmap,glReadPixels,glDrawPixels,glCopyPixels,

glCopyTexImage1D,glCopyTexImage2D,glCopyTexSubImage1D,

glCopyTexSubImage2D,glPixelZoom,glPixelStore,glPixelTransfer,glPixelMap

纹理映射

glTexImage1D,glTexImage2D,glTexParameter,glTexSubImage1D,

glTexSubImage2D,glTexEnv,glTexCoord,glTexGen,glTexCoordPointer,glDeleteTextures,

特效操作

glBlendFunc,glHint,glFog

帧缓存操作

glClear,glClearAccum,glClearColor,glClearDepth,glClearIndex,

glClearStencil,glDrawBuffer,glIndexMask,glColorMask,glDepthMask,

glStencilMask,glAlphaFunc,glStencilFunc,glStencilOp,

glDepthFunc,glDepthRange,glLogicOp,glAccum,

曲线或曲面绘制

glEvalCoord,glMap1,glMap2,glMapGrid,glEvalMesh,glEvalPoint,

查询函数

glGet,glGetClipPlane,glGetColorTableEXT,glGetColorTableParameterfvEXT , 

glGetColorTableParameterivEXT,glGetError,glGetLight,glGetMap,

glGetMaterial,glGetPixelMap,glGetPointerv,glGetPolygonStipple,

glGetString,glGetTexEnv,glGetTexImage,glGetTexLevelParameter,glGetTexParameter,

 GLU 库函数

包含有43个函数,函数名的前缀为glu。OpenGL提供了强大的但是为数不多的绘图命令,所有较复杂的绘图都必须从点、线、面开始。Glu 为了减轻繁重的编程工作,封装了OpenGL函数,Glu函数通过调用核心库的函数,为开发者提供相对简单的用法,实现一些较为复杂的操作。此函数由glu.dll来负责解释执行。OpenGL中的核心库和实用库可以在所有的OpenGL平台上运行。

绘制 NURBS 曲线和曲面

gluNewNurbsRenderer,gluNurbsProperty,gluNurbsCallback,

gluBeginCurve , gluEndCurve,gluNurbsCurve,gluDeleteNurbsRenderer,

gluBeginSurface , gluEndSurface,gluNurbsSurface,gluBeginTrim , 

gluEndTrim,gluPwlCurve,gluBeginPolygon , gluEndPolygon,gluPickMatrix

绘制二次几何物体

gluNewQuadric,gluQuadricDrawStyle,gluQuadricNormals,

gluQuadricOrientation,gluCylinder,gluSphere,gluDisk,

gluPartialDisk,gluDeleteQuadric,gluQuadricTexture,gluQuadricCallback

网格化

gluNewTess,gluTessVertex,gluTessCallback,gluTessBeginPolygon , 

gluTessEndPolygon,gluTessBeginContour , gluTessBeginContour,

gluTessProperty,gluNextContour,gluTessNormal,gluDeleteTess

坐标转换

gluOrtho2D,gluPerspective,gluLookAt,gluProject,gluUnProject

多重映射

gluBuild1DMipmaps,gluBuild2DMipmaps,gluScaleImage

查询函数

gluErrorString,gluGetNurbsProperty,gluGetString,gluGetTessProperty

 GLUT 库函数

包含大约30多个函数,函数名前缀为glut。glut是不依赖于窗口平台的OpenGL工具包,由Mark KLilgrad在SGI编写(现在在Nvidia),目的是隐藏不同窗口平台API的复杂度。 函数以glut开头,它们作为aux库功能更强的替代品,提供更为复杂的绘制功能,此函数由glut.dll来负责解释执行。由于glut中的窗口管理函数是不依赖于运行环境的,因此OpenGL中的工具库可以在X-Window, Windows NT, OS/2等系统下运行,特别适合于开发不需要复杂界面的OpenGL示例程序。对于有经验的程序员来说,一般先用glut理顺3D图形代码,然后再集成为完整的应用程序。

初始化和启动事件处理

glutInit,glutInitWindowPosition,glutInitWindowSize,glutInitDisplayMode,glutMainLoop,

窗口管理

glutCreateWindow,glutCreateSubWindow,glutHideWindow,

glutShowWindow,glutSetWindowTitle,glutPostRedisplay,

glutSwapBuffers,glutFullScreen,glutPositionWindow,

glutReshapeWindow,glutSetWindow,glutGetWindow,

glutPopWindow,glutPushWindow,glutDestroyWindow,glutIconifyWindow,glutSetCursor,

重叠层管理

glutEstablishOverlay,glutUseLayer,glutRemoveOverlay,

glutPostOverlayRedisplay,glutShowOverlay,glutHideOverlay,

菜单管理

glutCreateMenu,glutAddMenuEntry,glutAddSubMenu,glutAttachMenu,

glutGetMenu,glutSetMenu,glutDestroyMenu,glutChangeToMenuEntry,

glutChangeToSubMenu,glutRemoveMenuItem,glutDetachMenu,

注册回调函数

glutDisplayFunc,glutReshapeFunc,glutMouseFunc,glutMotionFunc,

glutIdleFunc,glutVisibilityFunc,glutKeyboardFunc,glutSpecialFunc,

glutOverlayDisplayFunc,glutPassiveMotionFunc,glutEntryFunc,

glutSpaceballMotionFunc,glutSpaceballRotateFunc,glutSpaceballButtonFunc,

glutButtonBoxFunc,glutDialsFunc,glutTableMotionFunc,

glutTableButtonFunc,glutMenuStatusFunc,glutTimerFunc

颜色索引映射表管理

glutSetColor,glutGetColor,glutCopyColormap,

状态检索

glutGet,glutLayerGet,glutDeviceGet,glutGetModifiers,glutExtensionSupported,

字体绘制

glutBitmapCharacter,glutBitmapWidth,glutStrokeCharacter,glutStrokeWidth,

几何图形绘制

glutSolidSphere , glutWireSphere,glutSolidCube , glutWireCube,

glutSolidCone , glutWireCone,glutSolidTorus , glutWireTorus,

glutSolidDodecahedron , glutWireDodecahedron,glutSolidOctahedron ,

 glutWireOctahedron,glutSolidTetrahedron , glutWireTetrahedron,

glutSolieIcosahedron , glutWireIcosahedron,glutSolidTeapot , glutWireTeapot,

OpenGL函数与范例解析手册

OpenGL学习总结  

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