考研复习 排序算法 插入排序 折半插入排序 冒泡排序 快速排序 选择排序

算法列表

插入排序
折半插入排序
冒泡排序
快速排序

选择排序

//插入排序
void insertSort(SortTable ST)
{
	int i = 0, j = 0;
	for (i = 2;i <= ST.length; ++i)
	{
		if (ST.elem[i] < ST.elem[i-1])
		{
			ST.elem[0] = ST.elem[i];
			for (j = i - 1;ST.elem[0] < ST.elem[j];j--)
				ST.elem[j + 1] = ST.elem[j];
			ST.elem[j + 1] = ST.elem[0];
		}
	}
}
//折半插入排序
void B_InsertSort(SortTable ST)
{
	int i = 0, j = 0;
	int low = 1, mid = 1, high = 1;
	for (i = 2;i <= ST.length;++i)
	{
		low = 1;
		high = i - 1;
		ST.elem[0]= ST.elem[i];
		while (low <= high)
		{
			mid = (low + high) / 2;
			if (ST.elem[mid] < ST.elem[0]) high = mid - 1;   //更换  >   <号
			else low = mid + 1;
		}
		for (j = i - 1;j >= high+1;--j)
			ST.elem[j + 1] = ST.elem[j];
		ST.elem[high + 1] = ST.elem[0];
	}
}
//冒泡排序
void BubbleSort(SortTable ST)
{
	int i = 0, j = 0,flag=0;
	for (i = ST.length;i > 1;--i)
	{
		for (j = ST.length;j >ST.length-i+1;--j)
		{
			if (ST.elem[j - 1] < ST.elem[j])
			{
				int tmp = ST.elem[j - 1];
				ST.elem[j - 1] = ST.elem[j];
				ST.elem[j] = tmp;
				flag = 1;
			}
		}
		if (flag == 0)
			break;
		else
			flag = 0;
	}
}
//快速排序
int Partition(SortTable ST, int low, int high)
{
	ElemType prvot = ST.elem[low];
	while (low < high)
	{
		while (low<high && ST.elem[high]>= prvot) --high;
		ST.elem[low] = ST.elem[high];
		while (low<high && ST.elem[low]<= prvot) ++low;
		ST.elem[high] = ST.elem[low];
	}
	ST.elem[low] = prvot;
	return low;
}
void QuickSort(SortTable ST,int low,int high)
{
	if (low < high)
	{
		int PrvotPost = Partition(ST,low,high);
		QuickSort(ST, low, PrvotPost-1);
		QuickSort(ST, PrvotPost+1, high);
	}
}
//选择排序
void SelectSort(SortTable ST)
{
	for (int i = 1;i < ST.length - 1;i++)
	{
		int min = i;
		for (int j = i + 1;j <=ST.length;j++)
		{
			if (ST.elem[min] > ST.elem[j])
				min = j;
		}
		if (min != i)
			swap(ST.elem[min], ST.elem[i]);
	}
}

 

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