利用scrapy爬取新浪体育新闻的小例子

1、新建项目

scrapy startproject  tutorial

整体结构如下
这里写图片描述

2、修改items

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

# Define here the models for your scraped items
#
# See documentation in:
# http://doc.scrapy.org/en/latest/topics/items.html

import scrapy


class SinaminiItem(scrapy.Item):
    # define the fields for your item here like:
    name = scrapy.Field()
    content = scrapy.Field()

3、spider

最后就是spider了,我也懒得写pipe了,结果截图展示
spider也是继承了最简单的spider,起名为myspider.py ,如下:这里写图片描述

代码如下:

import scrapy

from sinamini.items import SinaminiItem

class DmozSpider(scrapy.Spider):
    name = "mysina"
    allowed_domains = ["sports.sina.com.cn"]
    start_urls = [
        "http://sports.sina.com.cn/g/pl/2017-05-23/doc-ifyfkqks4451477.shtml"
    ]

    def parse(self, response):

        try:
            for sel in response.xpath("//article[@class='article-a']"):

                item = SinaminiItem()
                item['name'] = sel.xpath('h1/text()').extract()
                item['content'] = sel.xpath("div[@class='article-a__content']/p/text()").extract()

                yield item
        except:
            print('error')
        for url in response.selector.xpath("//a/@href").re(r'^http://sports.sina.*'):
            yield scrapy.Request(url,callback = self.parse)

结果展示

scrapy crawl mysina ###执行spider

结果如下:
这里写图片描述

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