- pay off
|portrait||a painting, drawing or photograph of a person, especially of the head and shoulders 肖像；半身画像；半身照|
a detailed description of sb/sth 详细的描述；描绘
|Self Portrait 私相簿白石草衣图||We hung her portrait above the fireplace.|
|likelihood||[ Using. ] the chance of sth happening; how likely sth is to happen 可能；可能性||The likelihood of infection is minimal.|
|qualm||~ (about sth) a feeling of doubt or worry about whether what you are doing is right （对自己行为的）顾虑，不安||He had been working very hard so he had no qualms about taking a few days off. 他一直辛勤工作，所以休息几天他觉得心安理得。|
|absence||[ UC ] ~ (from...) the fact of sb being away from a place where they are usually expected to be; the occasion or period of time when sb is away 缺席；不在|
[ U ] the fact of sb/sth not existing or not being available; a lack of sth 不存在；缺乏
|absence from 缺席缺乏||I can't think of any possible explanation for his absence.|
|scary||( informal ) frightening 恐怖的；吓人的||It was a really scary moment.|
|wreak||[ VN ] ~ sth (on sb) ( formal ) to do great damage or harm to sb/sth 造成（巨大的破坏或伤害）||wreak havoc 肆虐|
Wreak damage 造成伤害
|These insects can wreak havoc on crops.|
|proactive||( of a person or policy 人或政策 ) controlling a situation by making things happen rather than waiting for things to happen and then reacting to them 积极主动的；主动出击的；先发制人的||Be Proactive 主动积极主动主动积极第一个||In order to survive the competition a company should be proactive not reactive.|
|pinch||[ VN ] to take a piece of sb's skin between your thumb and first finger and squeeze hard, especially to hurt the person 拧；捏；掐|
[ VN ] to hold sth tightly between the thumb and finger or between two things that are pressed together 捏住；夹紧
if sth such as a shoe pinches part of your body, it hurts you because it is too tight 夹（脚）；夹痛
[ VN ] ~ sth (from sb/sth) ( BrE informal ) to steal sth, especially sth small and not very valuable 偷摸；行窃
[ VN ] to cost a person or an organization a lot of money or more than they can spend 使花费过多；使入不敷出
[ VN ] ( old-fashioned ) ( BrE informal ) to arrest sb 逮捕
( informal ) to try to spend as little money as possible 一毛不拔；吝啬
to remove sth by pressing your fingers together and pulling 掐掉；摘掉
|I'd pinch his buns and kiss his neck.|
These new shoes pinch. 这双新鞋夹脚。
Do you remember when I pinched your glasses?
Consumers are spending less and merchants are feeling the pinch.
I was pinched for dangerous driving. 我因危险驾驶而被抓住。
|mindset||a set of attitudes or fixed ideas that sb has and that are often difficult to change 观念模式；思维倾向||Growth Mindset 成长心态成长型思维模式成长型思维成长型心智||The greatest challenge for the Americans is understanding the mindset of Eastern Europeans.|
|nurture||to care for and protect sb/sth while they are growing and developing 养育；养护；培养|
to help sb/sth to develop and be successful 扶持；帮助；支持
to have a feeling, an idea, a plan, etc. for a long time and encourage it to develop 滋长；助长
|It's important to nurture a good working relationship.|
The human organism learns partly by nature, partly by nurture.
Nurture your gifts and talents.
|pay off||PHRASAL VERB If you pay off a debt, you give someone all the money that you owe them. 还清|
PHRASAL VERB If an action pays off, it is successful or profitable after a period of time. (某行动) 取得成功; 带来好结果
|It would take him the rest of his life to pay off that loan.|
Will the investment of time and effort pay off?
|benchmark||something which can be measured and used as a standard that other things can be compared with 基准||benchmark test 基准测试基准程序测试评效测试性能评价试验||The truck industry is a benchmark for the economy.|
|narrative||[ C ] a description of events, especially in a novel SYN story （尤指小说中的）描述，叙述|
[ U ] the act, process or skill of telling a story 讲故事；叙述；叙事技巧
|The novel fails to achieve narrative continuity.|
The novel contains too much dialogue and not enough narrative.
|hygiene||[ U ] the practice of keeping yourself and your living and working areas clean in order to prevent illness and disease 卫生||oral hygiene 口腔卫生口腔卫生用品口腔清洁口腔卫生情况||She wasn't very fastidious about personal hygiene.|
|disparity||( formal ) a difference, especially one connected with unfair treatment （尤指因不公正对待引起的）不同，不等，差异，悬殊||There's also huge disparity.|
A key reason for the disparity is that incomes among black men have declined when adjusted for inflation. 造成这一悬殊差距的重要原因是，考虑到通货膨胀因素，黑人男性的收入不升反降。
|subtle||( often approving ) not very noticeable or obvious 不易察觉的；不明显的；微妙的|
( of a person or their behaviour 人或其行为 ) behaving in a clever way, and using indirect methods, in order to achieve sth 机智的；机巧的；狡猾的
organized in a clever way 巧妙的
good at noticing and understanding things 敏锐的；头脑灵活的
|subtle humor 巧妙的幽默微妙的||But TV images require subtle gradations of light and shade.|
She was praised for her ability to convey subtle adjustment of emotion.
The job required a subtle mind.