ios开发autolayout之代码实现Autolayout使用总结

1.理论部分












demo示例1:

UIView *blueView = [[UIView alloc] init];
    blueView.backgroundColor = [UIColor blueColor];
    // 不要将AutoresizingMask转为Autolayout的约束
    blueView.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = NO;
    [self.view addSubview:blueView];
    
    // 添加宽度约束:100
    NSLayoutConstraint *widthConstraint = [NSLayoutConstraint constraintWithItem:blueView attribute:NSLayoutAttributeWidth relatedBy:NSLayoutRelationEqual toItem:nil attribute:NSLayoutAttributeNotAnAttribute multiplier:0.0 constant:100];
    [blueView addConstraint:widthConstraint];
    
    // 添加高度约束:100
    NSLayoutConstraint *heightConstraint = [NSLayoutConstraint constraintWithItem:blueView attribute:NSLayoutAttributeHeight relatedBy:NSLayoutRelationEqual toItem:nil attribute:NSLayoutAttributeNotAnAttribute multiplier:0.0 constant:100];
    [blueView addConstraint:heightConstraint];
    
    // 添加右边约束:blueView的右边距离父控件右边有10的间距
    NSLayoutConstraint *rightConstraint = [NSLayoutConstraint constraintWithItem:blueView attribute:NSLayoutAttributeRight relatedBy:NSLayoutRelationEqual toItem:self.view attribute:NSLayoutAttributeRight multiplier:1.0 constant:-10];
    [self.view addConstraint:rightConstraint];
    
    // 添加顶部约束:blueView的顶部距离父控件顶部有10的间距
    NSLayoutConstraint *topConstraint = [NSLayoutConstraint constraintWithItem:blueView attribute:NSLayoutAttributeTop relatedBy:NSLayoutRelationEqual toItem:self.view attribute:NSLayoutAttributeTop multiplier:1.0 constant:10];
    [self.view addConstraint:topConstraint];

效果:



demo示例2:

/**
 * 宽度高度为100,在父控件中垂直水平居中
 */
- (void)test2
{
    UIView *blueView = [[UIView alloc] init];
    blueView.backgroundColor = [UIColor blueColor];
    // 不要将AutoresizingMask转为Autolayout的约束
    blueView.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = NO;
    [self.view addSubview:blueView];
    
    // 添加宽度约束:父控件的一半
    NSLayoutConstraint *widthConstraint = [NSLayoutConstraint constraintWithItem:blueView attribute:NSLayoutAttributeWidth relatedBy:NSLayoutRelationEqual toItem:self.view attribute:NSLayoutAttributeWidth multiplier:0.5 constant:0];
    [self.view addConstraint:widthConstraint];
    
    // 添加高度约束:父控件的一半
    NSLayoutConstraint *heightConstraint = [NSLayoutConstraint constraintWithItem:blueView attribute:NSLayoutAttributeHeight relatedBy:NSLayoutRelationEqual toItem:self.view attribute:NSLayoutAttributeHeight multiplier:0.5 constant:0];
    [self.view addConstraint:heightConstraint];
    
    // 水平居中
    NSLayoutConstraint *centerXConstraint = [NSLayoutConstraint constraintWithItem:blueView attribute:NSLayoutAttributeCenterX relatedBy:NSLayoutRelationEqual toItem:self.view attribute:NSLayoutAttributeCenterX multiplier:1.0 constant:0];
    [self.view addConstraint:centerXConstraint];
    
    // 垂直居中
    NSLayoutConstraint *centerYConstraint = [NSLayoutConstraint constraintWithItem:blueView attribute:NSLayoutAttributeCenterY relatedBy:NSLayoutRelationEqual toItem:self.view attribute:NSLayoutAttributeCenterY multiplier:1.0 constant:0];
    [self.view addConstraint:centerYConstraint];
}
效果:

demo示例3:

- (void)test3{
    
    UIView *blueView = [[UIView alloc] init];
    blueView.backgroundColor = [UIColor blueColor];
    // 不要将AutoresizingMask转为Autolayout的约束
    blueView.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = NO;
    [self.view addSubview:blueView];
    
    UIView *redView = [[UIView alloc] init];
    redView.backgroundColor = [UIColor redColor];
    // 不要将AutoresizingMask转为Autolayout的约束
    redView.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = NO;
    [self.view addSubview:redView];// 添加宽度约束:100
    
    /************************** 蓝色 **************************/
    // 添加高度约束:40
    NSLayoutConstraint *heightConstraint = [NSLayoutConstraint constraintWithItem:blueView attribute:NSLayoutAttributeHeight relatedBy:NSLayoutRelationEqual toItem:nil attribute:NSLayoutAttributeNotAnAttribute multiplier:0.0 constant:40];
    [blueView addConstraint:heightConstraint];
    
    // 添加左边约束:blueView的左边距离父控件左边有20的间距
    NSLayoutConstraint *leftConstraint = [NSLayoutConstraint constraintWithItem:blueView attribute:NSLayoutAttributeLeft relatedBy:NSLayoutRelationEqual toItem:self.view attribute:NSLayoutAttributeLeft multiplier:1.0 constant:20];
    [self.view addConstraint:leftConstraint];
    
    // 添加右边约束:blueView的右边距离父控件右边有20的间距
    NSLayoutConstraint *rightConstraint = [NSLayoutConstraint constraintWithItem:blueView attribute:NSLayoutAttributeRight relatedBy:NSLayoutRelationEqual toItem:self.view attribute:NSLayoutAttributeRight multiplier:1.0 constant:-20];
    [self.view addConstraint:rightConstraint];
    
    // 添加顶部约束:blueView的顶部距离父控件顶部有20的间距
    NSLayoutConstraint *topConstraint = [NSLayoutConstraint constraintWithItem:blueView attribute:NSLayoutAttributeTop relatedBy:NSLayoutRelationEqual toItem:self.view attribute:NSLayoutAttributeTop multiplier:1.0 constant:20];
    [self.view addConstraint:topConstraint];
    
    /************************** 红色 **************************/
    // 添加高度约束:蓝色等高
    NSLayoutConstraint *heightConstraint2 = [NSLayoutConstraint constraintWithItem:redView attribute:NSLayoutAttributeHeight relatedBy:NSLayoutRelationEqual toItem:blueView attribute:NSLayoutAttributeHeight multiplier:1.0 constant:0];
    [self.view addConstraint:heightConstraint2];
    
    // 添加左边约束:redView的左边 == 父控件的中心x
    NSLayoutConstraint *leftConstraint2 = [NSLayoutConstraint constraintWithItem:redView attribute:NSLayoutAttributeLeft relatedBy:NSLayoutRelationEqual toItem:self.view attribute:NSLayoutAttributeCenterX multiplier:1.0 constant:0];
    [self.view addConstraint:leftConstraint2];
    
    // 添加顶部约束:redView的顶部距离blueView的底部有20的间距
    NSLayoutConstraint *topConstraint2 = [NSLayoutConstraint constraintWithItem:redView attribute:NSLayoutAttributeTop relatedBy:NSLayoutRelationEqual toItem:blueView attribute:NSLayoutAttributeBottom multiplier:1.0 constant:20];
    [self.view addConstraint:topConstraint2];
    
    // 添加右边约束:redView的右边 == blueView的右边
    NSLayoutConstraint *rightConstraint2 = [NSLayoutConstraint constraintWithItem:redView attribute:NSLayoutAttributeRight relatedBy:NSLayoutRelationEqual toItem:blueView attribute:NSLayoutAttributeRight multiplier:1.0 constant:0];
    [self.view addConstraint:rightConstraint2];
}

效果:




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个人分类: iOS开发 Autolayout
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