322. Coin Change

Coin Change

题目描述

You are given coins of different denominations and a total amount of money amount. Write a function to compute the fewest number of coins that you need to make up that amount. If that amount of money cannot be made up by any combination of the coins, return -1.

Example 1:
coins = [1, 2, 5], amount = 11
return 3 (11 = 5 + 5 + 1)

Example 2:
coins = [2], amount = 3
return -1.

Note:
You may assume that you have an infinite number of each kind of coin.
这是动态规划最经典的一个问题,找出状态转移方程就不难了,dp表示能找到当前零钱的最少硬币数量。

dp[i] = min(dp[i], dp[i - coins[j]] + 1)

解题思路

class Solution {
public:
    int coinChange(vector<int>& coins, int amount) {
        int Max = amount + 1;
        vector<int> dp(amount + 1, Max);
        dp[0] = 0;
        for (int i = 1; i <= amount; i++) {
            for (int j = 0; j < coins.size(); j++) {
                if (coins[j] <= i) {
                    dp[i] = min(dp[i], dp[i - coins[j]] + 1);
                }
            }
        }
        return dp[amount] > amount ? -1 : dp[amount];
    }
};
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