Yet Another Walking Robot(CF-1296C)

Problem Description

There is a robot on a coordinate plane. Initially, the robot is located at the point (0,0). Its path is described as a string s of length n consisting of characters 'L', 'R', 'U', 'D'.

Each of these characters corresponds to some move:

  • 'L' (left): means that the robot moves from the point (x,y) to the point (x−1,y);
  • 'R' (right): means that the robot moves from the point (x,y) to the point (x+1,y);
  • 'U' (up): means that the robot moves from the point (x,y) to the point (x,y+1);
  • 'D' (down): means that the robot moves from the point (x,y) to the point (x,y−1).

The company that created this robot asked you to optimize the path of the robot somehow. To do this, you can remove any non-empty substring of the path. But this company doesn't want their customers to notice the change in the robot behavior. It means that if before the optimization the robot ended its path at the point (xe,ye), then after optimization (i.e. removing some single substring from s) the robot also ends its path at the point (xe,ye).

This optimization is a low-budget project so you need to remove the shortest possible non-empty substring to optimize the robot's path such that the endpoint of his path doesn't change. It is possible that you can't optimize the path. Also, it is possible that after the optimization the target path is an empty string (i.e. deleted substring is the whole string s).

Recall that the substring of s is such string that can be obtained from s by removing some amount of characters (possibly, zero) from the prefix and some amount of characters (possibly, zero) from the suffix. For example, the substrings of "LURLLR" are "LU", "LR", "LURLLR", "URL", but not "RR" and "UL".

You have to answer t independent test cases.


The first line of the input contains one integer t (1≤t≤1000) — the number of test cases.

The next 2t lines describe test cases. Each test case is given on two lines. The first line of the test case contains one integer n (1≤n≤2⋅105) — the length of the robot's path. The second line of the test case contains one string s consisting of n characters 'L', 'R', 'U', 'D' — the robot's path.

It is guaranteed that the sum of n over all test cases does not exceed 2⋅105 (∑n≤2⋅105).


For each test case, print the answer on it. If you cannot remove such non-empty substring that the endpoint of the robot's path doesn't change, print -1. Otherwise, print two integers l and r such that 1≤l≤r≤n — endpoints of the substring you remove. The value r−l+1 should be minimum possible. If there are several answers, print any of them.





1 2
1 4
3 4

题意:t 组数据,一个长度为 n 的仅包含 L、R、U、D 的字符序列,代表一个机器人从原点开始行走的路线,问是否能从这个序列中,删除一个字串,且按照删除后的字符序列行走到达的终点,与按删除前的字符序列行走的终点位置相同,如果能,则输出一组最短的子串起始位置和终止位置,若不能,删除 -1



但行走次数最大能到 2E5,利用传统的 vis 数组记录坐标状态的话要 4E5*4E5的空间,显然无法实现

那么我们可以换一种思路,即存储某个坐标点上一次出现过的时是第几步,即利用 map 来存储:map<点坐标,位置>

每经过一个点就去判断点坐标,如果坐标已经被标记过了,就证明存在一个可行答案,最后扫描一遍 map,取最小的答案即可

Source Program

#define PI acos(-1.0)
#define INF 0x3f3f3f3f
#define LL long long
#define Pair pair<int,int>
LL quickPow(LL a,LL b){ LL res=1; while(b){if(b&1)res*=a; a*=a; b>>=1;} return res; }
LL multMod(LL a,LL b,LL mod){ a%=mod; b%=mod; LL res=0; while(b){if(b&1)res=(res+a)%mod; a=(a<<=1)%mod; b>>=1; } return res%mod;}
LL quickMultPowMod(LL a, LL b,LL mod){ LL res=1,k=a; while(b){if((b&1))res=multMod(res,k,mod)%mod; k=multMod(k,k,mod)%mod; b>>=1;} return res%mod;}
LL quickPowMod(LL a,LL b,LL mod){ LL res=1; while(b){if(b&1)res=(a*res)%mod; a=(a*a)%mod; b>>=1; } return res; }
LL getInv(LL a,LL mod){ return quickPowMod(a,mod-2,mod); }
LL GCD(LL x,LL y){ return !y?x:GCD(y,x%y); }
LL LCM(LL x,LL y){ return x/GCD(x,y)*y; }
const double EPS = 1E-15;
const int MOD = 1000000000+7;
const int N = 200000+5;
const int dx[] = {0,0,1,-1,1,1,-1,-1};
const int dy[] = {1,-1,0,0,1,-1,1,-1};
using namespace std;

struct Node{
    int x,y;
    Node(int x, int y) : x(x), y(y) {}
    bool operator<(const Node &rhs) const {
        if (x == rhs.x)
            return y < rhs.y;
        return x < rhs.x;
char str[N];
int main() {
    int t;
    scanf("%d", &t);
    while (t--) {
        int n;
        scanf("%d", &n);
        scanf("%s", str + 1);

        int x = 0, y = 0;
        map<Node, int> mp;
        int minn = INF;
        int left = 0, right = 0;
        mp[Node(0, 0)] = 0;
        for (int i = 1; i <= n; i++) {
            if (str[i] == 'L')
            if (str[i] == 'R')
            if (str[i] == 'U')
            if (str[i] == 'D')

            Node now = Node(x, y); //当前点坐标
            if (mp.count(now)) { //如果该点被访问过
                int dis = i - mp[now]; //当前位置到上一次出现位置的距离
                if (minn > dis) { //如果距离小于当前记录的最小值
                    minn = dis; //更新最小值
                    left = mp[now] + 1; //从上一次出现的下一个位置开始删除
                    right = i; //删除到当前位置
            mp[now] = i;
        if (minn == INF)
            printf("%d %d\n", left, right);
    return 0;


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