Spark Sql 二次分组排序取TopK

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基本需求

用spark sql求出每个院系每个班每个专业前3名

样本数据

数据格式:id,studentId,language,math,english,classId,departmentId,即id,学号,语文,数学,外语,班级,院系
1,111,68,69,90,1班,经济系
2,112,73,80,96,1班,经济系
3,113,90,74,75,1班,经济系
4,114,89,94,93,1班,经济系
5,115,99,93,89,1班,经济系
6,121,96,74,79,2班,经济系
7,122,89,86,85,2班,经济系
8,123,70,78,61,2班,经济系
9,124,76,70,76,2班,经济系
10,211,89,93,60,1班,外语系
11,212,76,83,75,1班,外语系
12,213,71,94,90,1班,外语系
13,214,94,94,66,1班,外语系
14,215,84,82,73,1班,外语系
15,216,85,74,93,1班,外语系
16,221,77,99,61,2班,外语系
17,222,80,78,96,2班,外语系
18,223,79,74,96,2班,外语系
19,224,75,80,78,2班,外语系
20,225,82,85,63,2班,外语系

用Spark sql实现

import org.apache.log4j.{Level, Logger}
import org.apache.spark.sql.SparkSession

object TestSqlGroupByOrder {
  def main(args: Array[String]): Unit = {
    /**设置日志等级*/
    Logger.getLogger("org").setLevel(Level.WARN)

    /**从Spark 2.0开始,引入SparkSession。SparkSession=SQLContext+HiveContext*/
    val sparkSession=SparkSession.builder().appName("SparkSqlGroup").master("local[6]").getOrCreate()

    /**DataFrame*/
    import sparkSession.implicits._
    val scoreInfo = sparkSession.read.textFile("/Users/wangpei/Desktop/scores2.txt").map(_.split(",")).map(item=>(item(1),item(2).toInt,item(3).toInt,item(4).toInt,item(5),item(6)))
      .toDF("studentId","language","math","english","classId","departmentId")

    /**注册DataFrame成一个零时视图*/
    scoreInfo.createOrReplaceTempView("scoresTable")

    /**
      * 使用开窗函数
      * row_number() OVER (PARTITION BY COL1 ORDER BY COL2) rank
      * 根据COL1分组,在分组内部根据COL2排序,rank:每组内部排序后的编号字段
      * 这里用了两段SQl:
      *  1)(SELECT *, row_number() OVER (PARTITION BY departmentId,classId ORDER BY math DESC) rank FROM scoresTable ) tmp
      *  用开窗函数:按departmentId,classId分组;分组内部按math降序;每组序号rank从1开始;表别名tmp
      *  2)SELECT * FROM  tmp WHERE rank <= 3
      *  保留rank <= 3的数据
      */

    //语文前3
    println("############# 语文前3 ##############")
    sparkSession.sql("SELECT departmentId,classId,language,studentId FROM (SELECT *, row_number() OVER (PARTITION BY departmentId,classId ORDER BY language DESC) rank FROM scoresTable ) tmp WHERE rank <= 3").show()

    //数学前3
    println("############# 数学前3 ##############")
    sparkSession.sql("SELECT departmentId,classId,math,studentId FROM (SELECT *, row_number() OVER (PARTITION BY departmentId,classId ORDER BY math DESC) rank FROM scoresTable ) tmp WHERE rank <= 3").show()

    //外语前3
    println("############# 外语前3 ##############")
    sparkSession.sql("SELECT departmentId,classId,english,studentId FROM (SELECT *, row_number() OVER (PARTITION BY departmentId,classId ORDER BY english DESC) rank FROM scoresTable ) tmp WHERE rank <= 3").show()
  }
}

groupsort.png

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