2020年用于Web应用程序开发的十大Node js框架21

This is true that the market is rapidly growing with emerging technologies and advanced software. Different types of mobile apps are coded using multiple programming languages such as Android apps are built with Java, iOS apps are developed with Objective-c, Window apps use .NET and more. However, when it comes to developing web apps, JAVASCRIPT still remains one of the most prominent web technologies.

的确,随着新兴技术和先进软件的出现,市场正在Swift增长。 不同类型的移动应用程序使用多种编程语言进行编码,例如Android应用程序使用Java构建,iOS应用程序使用Objective-c开发,Window应用程序使用.NET等。 但是,在开发Web应用程序时,JAVASCRIPT仍然是最杰出的Web技术之一。

Every year, JavaScript-based libraries and frameworks are launched to make developers work easier but Google’s Angular and Facebook’s React are kept trending in the market for web app development. But, survey reports and statistics are revealing some other facts.

每年都会发布基于JavaScript的库和框架,以使开发人员更轻松地工作,但是Google的Angular和Facebook的React在Web应用程序开发市场上一直处于趋势。 但是,调查报告和统计数据揭示了其他一些事实。

According to the Statista report, in early 2020, 51.4% of developers have used Node.js and leaving aside all the other frameworks.

根据Statista的报告,到2020年初,有51.4%的开发人员使用了Node.js,并抛开了所有其他框架。

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If you still in doubt, how Node.js has become an editor’s choice, then you need to know these facts and Stats:

如果您仍然不确定Node.js如何成为编辑者的选择,那么您需要了解以下事实和统计信息:

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To wrap up all these facts and stats about Node.js, it is clear that this programming language is not going anywhere in the future and offering a great platform to develop web apps.

为了总结有关Node.js的所有这些事实和统计数据,很明显,这种编程语言在将来不会流行,并且提供了一个开发Web应用程序的绝佳平台。

But if you are new to Node.js, then it is worth getting started with the brief of Node.js.

但是,如果您是Node.js的新手,那么值得从Node.js的简介开始。

了解关于Node.Js的基准 (Understanding the Baseline About Node.Js)

Node.Js is one of the most prominent open-source frameworks of JavaScript that provides a very strong platform to develop and operate web applications without any hassle. Since Node.js is a network of various libraries and tools, therefore, it makes it easier for developers to create server-side and networking applications. In addition, the server-side JavaScript framework is built on Google Chrome’s JS engine, therefore, applications developed with Node.Js can easily run on multiple operating systems including Windows, Linux, and macOS.

Node.Js是JavaScript最著名的开源框架之一,它提供了一个非常强大的平台来开发和操作Web应用程序而没有任何麻烦。 由于Node.js是由各种库和工具组成的网络,因此,它使开发人员可以更轻松地创建服务器端和网络应用程序。 此外,服务器端JavaScript框架是基于Google Chrome的JS引擎构建的,因此,使用Node.J开发的应用程序可以轻松地在Windows,Linux和macOS等多种操作系统上运行。

Some of the benefits of using Node.Js for your next web app development project:

在下一个Web应用程序开发项目中使用Node.Js的一些好处:

  • Single codebase to overall enhance web app performance.

    单一代码库可整体增强Web应用程序的性能。
  • As Node.Js is loaded with V8 engines powered by Google which speed up any framework. This is why enterprises are looking to hire Node.Js development company.

    由于Node.Js装有Google提供的V8引擎,因此可以加快任何框架的速度。 这就是为什么企业希望雇用Node.Js开发公司的原因。
  • Low learning curve and easy availability of dedicated Node.Js developers as this framework is based on JavaScript.

    低学习曲线,专用Node.Js开发人员的可用性较低,因为该框架基于JavaScript。
  • Node.Js offers long term constant support to the developers which help in developing and maintaining the app.

    Node.Js为开发人员提供长期的持续支持,这有助于开发和维护应用程序。

什么时候最好雇用Node.js开发人员? (When It is Best to Hire Node.js Developers?)

This is true that Node.Js is still preferred by 51.2% of developers but to leverage the maximum benefit of this programming language, you need to understand when it is best to use it.

确实,仍然有51.2%的开发人员偏爱Node.Js,但是要利用此编程语言的最大好处,您需要了解何时最好使用它。

让我们学习何时应该使用Node.Js (Let’s learn when you should use Node.Js)

Building Data Streaming Applications

构建数据流应用程序

If you are interested in developing the live streaming application like Netflix, then Node.Js can be the best choice of framework for you as it helps you build an app that processes stream media, data from multiple streams and file upload.

如果您对开发像Netflix这样的实时流媒体应用程序感兴趣,那么Node.Js可能是您最好的框架选择,因为它可以帮助您构建一个应用程序来处理流媒体,来自多个流的数据和文件上传。

API Server

API服务器

Since Node.Js can handle multiple servers, therefore, if you are interested in developing the single-page application using backend services then it is worth choosing Node.js.

由于Node.Js可以处理多个服务器,因此,如果您对使用后端服务开发单页应用程序感兴趣,那么值得选择Node.js。

Microservices

微服务

Since Node.Js is a fast and lightweight technology which is a perfect fit for writing microservices. All you need is to hire a software developer.

由于Node.Js是一种快速,轻量级的技术,非常适合编写微服务。 您需要雇用一名软件开发人员。

However, to make web and mobile app development process simpler and straightforward, a broad choice of Node.Js frameworks have been developed. But now the central question is, which framework you should choose for your next project and when that technology is to be used?

但是,为了使Web和移动应用程序开发过程更简单明了,已经开发了广泛的Node.Js框架选择。 但是现在的中心问题是,您应该为下一个项目选择哪种框架,以及何时使用该技术?

Let’s learn about the popular Node.Js Frameworks and when it should be used:

让我们了解流行的Node.Js框架以及何时使用它:

2020-21年的10个Node.js框架以及何时使用 (10 Node.js Frameworks in 2020–21, and when they should be used)

1. Express:Node.js的快速,轻巧和难以置信的框架(1. Express: Fast, Lightweight and Incredible Framework of Node.js)

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When it comes to discussing the most popular Node.js frameworks, Express is the first choice of developers as it is loved and used by 73% of developers.

在讨论最受欢迎的Node.js框架时,Express是开发人员的首选,因为73%的开发人员都喜欢它并使用它。

Express is one of the dynamic Node.Js Framework that provides complete flexibility and freedom to developers to customize the look and feel of the application.

Express是动态的Node.Js框架之一,可为开发人员提供完全的灵活性和自由度,以自定义应用程序的外观。

Since it is lightweight, therefore, it’s incredibly fast and helps in directing servers and routers. In addition, this framework is ideal for single-page web applications, website or public HTTP APIs.

由于它是轻量级的,因此它的速度非常快,并有助于引导服务器和路由器。 此外,该框架是单页Web应用程序,网站或公共HTTP API的理想选择。

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快递的好处(Benefits of Express)

  • Providing support for various plugins and extensions to boost its functionality

    提供对各种插件和扩展的支持以增强其功能
  • Seamless data integration

    无缝数据集成
  • An easy learning curve for the developers already familiar with the Node.Js

    对于已经熟悉Node.Js的开发人员而言,这是一条轻松的学习曲线
  • URL-based routing mechanism using HTTP

    使用HTTP的基于URL的路由机制
  • Robust, Scalable and fully customizable

    坚固,可扩展且完全可定制
  • Comes with MVC that help in creating centric applications

    带有MVC来帮助创建中心应用程序
  • Supports 14+ template engines and offers great performance

    支持14+模板引擎并提供出色的性能

When To Use Express?

何时使用Express?

Express is well suited for all types of web and mobile app developments right from small to enterprise level. Since this framework of Node.Js is readily available for API generation, therefore, you can develop web apps faster with Express In addition, this framework comes with robust routing templating, security features and error handling provisions, so developers can easily use it for crafting enterprise-level or browser based applications.

Express非常适合从小型到企业级别的所有类型的Web和移动应用程序开发。 由于该Node.Js框架易于用于API生成,因此,您可以使用Express更快地开发Web应用程序。此外,该框架还具有强大的路由模板,安全功能和错误处理规定,因此开发人员可以轻松地将其用于制作企业级或基于浏览器的应用程序。

2. Koa:Node.Js的下一代框架 (2. Koa: A Next-Generation Framework of Node.Js)

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Koa is another big server-side framework of Node.Js that enables you to design and develop a server-side application with the greater efficiency to handle errors. This framework offers so-called generators that help to avoid callbacks and normalizes the Node flaws constructively. With Koa you can manage various types of content with the same URL like translating a page, personalizing content in an eCommerce website, managing different formats for images and much more.

Koa是Node.Js的另一个大型服务器端框架,使您能够以更高的效率设计和开发服务器端应用程序以处理错误。 该框架提供了所谓的生成器,可帮助避免回调并以建设性的方式规范化Node漏洞。 使用Koa,您可以使用相同的URL管理各种类型的内容,例如翻译页面,个性化电子商务网站中的内容,管理图像的不同格式等等。

使用Koa的好处 (Benefits of Using Koa)

  • High level of app customization is possible with Koa

    Koa可以实现高级别的应用程序自定义
  • Availability of ES6 Generator allows developers to avoid callbacks

    ES6 Generator的可用性使开发人员可以避免回调
  • Lightweight structure that ultimately boosts the app performance.

    轻巧的结构,最终提高了应用程序的性能。
  • Ensuring a modular approach to develop complex web applications in an easy way.

    确保以模块化的方式轻松开发复杂的Web应用程序。

When To Use Koa ?

何时使用Koa?

When you are looking for the high performance web applications, then Koa is exactly what you need for the development. Koa integrates components like content negotiation, normalization of node discrepancies, redirection and more, therefore, handling big projects with Koa is far easier. Being one of the young frameworks, its community is still at the growing stage, but with the help of a reputed mobile app development company and experienced development team you can easily build extensive apps.

当您寻找高性能的Web应用程序时,Koa正是您开发所需要的。 Koa集成了内容协商,节点差异标准化,重定向等组件,因此,使用Koa处理大型项目要容易得多。 作为年轻的框架之一,它的社区仍处于发展阶段,但是在著名的移动应用程序开发公司和经验丰富的开发团队的帮助下,您可以轻松构建广泛的应用程序。

3. Hapi:具有增强安全功能的商业中心服务器 (3. Hapi: Commercially Centered Server With Enhance Security Features)

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Hapi is a commercially centred server and open-source framework that is widely used for web app development. The simple idea for developing this framework is to provide great development support for a large team that manages the multiple tasks simultaneously. Moreover, Hapi has rich and reliable security features therefore, many developers access this framework for developing proxy servers, REST APIs and other types of desktop applications. In addition, it has a wide choice of built-in plugins, you don’t need to worry about using any unofficial middleware.

Hapi是一个以商业为中心的服务器和开源框架,已广泛用于Web应用程序开发。 开发此框架的简单想法是为同时管理多个任务的大型团队提供强大的开发支持。 此外,Hapi具有丰富且可靠的安全功能,因此,许多开发人员都可以使用此框架来开发代理服务器,REST API和其他类型的桌面应用程序。 此外,它具有多种内置插件供您选择,您无需担心使用任何非官方的中间件。

使用Hapi的好处 (Benefits of Using Hapi)

  • Outstanding framework for large size and distributed teams.

    大型和分布式团队的出色框架。
  • Provide extensive support for the reusable components.

    为可重用组件提供广泛的支持。
  • Offers support for amazing plugins.

    提供对出色插件的支持。

When It Should Be Used?

什么时候应该使用?

When it comes to developing a secure, scalable, real-time and social media application, Hapi is the first choice of developers to build such applications.

在开发安全,可伸缩,实时和社交媒体应用程序时,Hapi是开发此类应用程序的开发人员的首选。

4.流星:用于Web和移动Web应用程序开发的单一代码 (4. Meteor: Single Code For Web and Mobile Web App Development)

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Meteor is a full-stack framework of Node.Js that allows developers to build real-time web and mobile app applications to ensure flawless operations as it uses a single API for both front-end and the back-end development process. Meteor is a robust Node.Js framework, so it provides a heavy-duty web application development process as compared to Express Framework.

Meteor是Node.Js的全栈框架,允许开发人员构建实时Web和移动应用程序应用程序,以确保无缺陷的操作,因为它对前端和后端开发过程都使用单个API。 Meteor是一个健壮的Node.Js框架,因此与Express Framework相比,它提供了繁重的Web应用程序开发过程。

使用流星的好处 (Benefits of Using Meteor)

  • Same code support for different devices enhances the development efficiency of the software development company.

    对不同设备的相同代码支持提高了软件开发公司的开发效率。

  • Less requirement of coding web and mobile applications

    减少对Web和移动应用程序进行编码的要求
  • Easy to integrate with other programming languages including, Angular, React, Vue and more.

    易于与其他编程语言(包括Angular,React,Vue等)集成。
  • Lightweight architecture for ultimate app performance

    轻量级架构,可实现终极应用性能

When You Should Use Meteor?

什么时候应该使用流星?

When you need to develop both mobile and web apps, then Meteor is the perfect option as it is not only easy and simple to learn for JavaScript developers, but also this framework allows you to use the same code for writing both apps. The best part of this framework is you can deploy live updates even on the installed apps without disrupting an on-going user session.

当您需要同时开发移动应用程序和Web应用程序时,Meteor是不二之选,因为它不仅使JavaScript开发人员易于学习,而且该框架还允许您使用相同的代码来编写这两个应用程序。 该框架最好的部分是,即使在已安装的应用程序上也可以部署实时更新,而不会中断正在进行的用户会话。

5. Socket.io:使用此框架易于制作的实时聊天应用 (5. Socket.io: Easy to Made Real-Time Chat Apps With This Framework)

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Socket.io is a full-stack framework that can be used by multiple programming languages. It offers a simple and straightforward API that easily works in harmony with almost every service. With its outstanding development speed and reliability, developers are really impressed with this framework.

Socket.io是一个全栈框架,可以由多种编程语言使用。 它提供了一个简单明了的API,可以轻松地与几乎所有服务协同工作。 凭借其出色的开发速度和可靠性,开发人员对该框架印象深刻。

使用Socket.io的好处 (Benefits of using Socket.io)

  • Offering real-time analytics

    提供实时分析
  • Binary streaming and easy socket management

    二进制流和轻松的套接字管理
  • Ability to tailor URL routing for web sockets

    能够为Web套接字定制URL路由
  • Auto error detection and correction

    自动错误检测和纠正

When should Socket.io be used?

何时应使用Socket.io?

Socket.io is basically used to develop real-time applications like dashboard APIs, Score Tickers, Chatbots, video conferencing apps and more, where servers are required to push data without being requested from the client-side.

Socket.io基本上用于开发实时应用程序,例如仪表板API,计分器,聊天机器人,视频会议应用程序等,在这些应用程序中,服务器需要推送数据而无需客户端请求。

6.帆:确保更好连接的MVC微框架 (6. Sails: MVC Micro-Framework That Ensure Better Connectivity)

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Sails is a popular MVC micro-framework that is built on Express and facilitates the wide range of websocket integration features as Socket.io provides. Compatible with all leading databases including MongoDB, PostgreSQL, MySQL and more, Sails also supports all major frontend technologies including iOS, Angular, React and Android.

Sails是基于Express构建的一种流行的MVC微框架,可简化Socket.io提供的各种websocket集成功能。 Sails与所有领先的数据库(包括MongoDB,PostgreSQL,MySQL等)兼容,还支持所有主要的前端技术,包括iOS,Angular,React和Android。

使用Sails的好处 (Benefits of using Sails)

  • Automatic generation of REST-APIs

    自动生成REST-API
  • Support web socket

    支持网络插座
  • Hasslefree handling of HTTP requests

    轻松处理HTTP请求
  • Easy integration of middleware

    轻松集成中间件

When Sails to be used?

什么时候使用Sails?

Sails is widely used to develop highly customized chat apps and developers prefer to build enterprise-scale Node.js web app development solutions with this framework.

Sails被广泛用于开发高度定制的聊天应用程序,并且开发人员更喜欢使用此框架构建企业规模的Node.js Web应用程序开发解决方案。

7. LoopBack.io:Node.Js的全功能后端框架 (7. LoopBack.io: Full-Featured Backend Framework of Node.Js)

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It is an extensive, full-featured backend framework of Node.Js that permits full freedom to developers to customize the apps’ codes with an easy and consistent manner. Most of the enterprises looking to hire web app developer as creating an app with this framework is not just super fast but also it offers secure authentication and permission settings.

它是Node.Js的广泛,功能齐全的后端框架,它使开发人员可以完全自由地以简单,一致的方式自定义应用程序的代码。 希望雇用Web应用程序开发人员使用此框架创建应用程序的大多数企业不仅非常快,而且还提供安全的身份验证和权限设置。

使用LoopBack.io的好处 (Benefits of using LoopBack.io)

  • Offers support for multiple databases

    提供对多个数据库的支持
  • Add-ons for file management and third party login

    用于文件管理和第三方登录的附加组件
  • Structured codes and rich documentation for quick and hassle-free app development

    结构化的代码和丰富的文档,可实现快速,轻松的应用程序开发

When LoopBack.io should be Used?

什么时候应该使用LoopBack.io?

LoopBack can be used in both ways either to build rich end-to-end APIs and handling API requests or as an external API service to expedite the development process, boost security or enhance authentication of the app and more.

LoopBack可用于构建丰富的端到端API和处理API请求的两种方式,也可用作外部API服务以加快开发过程,提高安全性或增强应用程序的身份验证等。

8. Nest:开发企业级Web应用程序的完美框架 (8. Nest: Perfect Framework to Develop Enterprise-Grade Web Applications)

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When it comes to developing an enterprise-grade application, Nest can be the first choice of developers as it offers a complete development kit that supports a wide range of libraries and uses progressive JavaScript for the development.

在开发企业级应用程序时,Nest可以成为开发人员的首选,因为它提供了一个完整的开发工具包,该工具包支持广泛的库并使用渐进式JavaScript进行开发。

使用Nest的好处 (Benefits of Using Nest)

  • Low learning curve

    学习曲线低
  • Ensuring modular architecture for complete development flexibility

    确保模块化架构以实现完整的开发灵活性
  • Offer dedicated setup for all kinds of application testing

    为各种应用程序测试提供专用的设置

When Nest Should be Used?

什么时候应该使用Nest?

Being based on out-of-the-box architecture, it is best to use for developing reliable and highly scalable server-side applications which are easy to maintain.

基于开箱即用的体系结构,最好用于开发易于维护的可靠且高度可扩展的服务器端应用程序。

9. Total:Node.js的完整功能加载框架 (9. Total: A Complete Feature Loaded Framework of Node.js)

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As its name suggests, it is a complete fully featured and open-source Node.js framework that provides you with an array of supportive frameworks, that ensure robust, scalable and fast web app development process.

顾名思义,它是一个完整的功能齐全的开源Node.js框架,可为您提供一系列支持框架,以确保健壮,可扩展和快速的Web应用程序开发过程。

使用Total的好处 (Benefits of Using Total)

  • Fast development process and low maintenance cost

    快速的开发过程和较低的维护成本
  • Easy API testing

    简单的API测试
  • Multiple-database compatibility

    多数据库兼容性

When you can use Total?

什么时候可以使用Total?

Since Total is a feature-rich complete framework, therefore it permits full freedom to customize and develop various types of apps including eCommerce web apps, cloud services, visual programming interfaces in the IoT and real-time collaboration among other things.

由于道达尔是功能丰富的完整框架,因此,它具有完全的自由来定制和开发各种类型的应用程序,包括电子商务Web应用程序,云服务,物联网中的可视化编程界面以及实时协作等。

10. Adonis:用于开发服务器端应用程序的可扩展框架 (10. Adonis: Scalable Framework For Developing Server-side Applications)

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Adonis is another MVC framework of Node.js that offers a steady ecosystem for writing scalable server-side applications. In addition, an official document of Adonis reveals that this framework can run on all major operating systems.

Adonis是Node.js的另一个MVC框架,它为编写可伸缩的服务器端应用程序提供了稳定的生态系统。 此外,Adonis的官方文件显示该框架可以在所有主要操作系统上运行。

使用Adonis的好处 (Benefits of using Adonis)

  • Easy to learn and simple to access

    易于学习且易于访问
  • A secure development platform

    安全的开发平台
  • Less coding for writing web apps

    减少编写Web应用程序的编码

When should Adonis be used?

什么时候应该使用阿多尼斯?

The MVC structure of Adonis is similar to Laravel, though, developers familiar with Laravel can go easily with Adonis to develop real-time web applications.

Adonis的MVC结构与Laravel相似,但是熟悉Laravel的开发人员可以轻松地与Adonis一起开发实时Web应用程序。

结论 (Conclusion)

To end this blog, it is worth mentioning that this is the list of popular Node.js frameworks that you can use for web app development in 2020–21. But, before proceeding to the next step, it is better to understand that the choice of best Node.Js framework is depending upon the kind of web app you are planning to develop.

在结束本博客时,值得一提的是,这是可以在2020-21两年间用于Web应用程序开发的流行Node.js框架列表。 但是,在进行下一步之前,最好了解一下,最佳Node.Js框架的选择取决于您计划开发的Web应用程序的类型。

In case, if you are left in any dilemma or confusion about which Node.js framework you should choose for your next project, then it is recommended to hire a web development company for the better suggestions and solutions. They will analyse your web app development needs and accordingly may assist you with a perfect option for the development that bridges a gap between your success and goals.

如果万一您对下一个项目应该选择哪个Node.js框架感到困惑或困惑,那么建议您雇用一家Web开发公司以获取更好的建议和解决方案。 他们将分析您的Web应用程序开发需求,并相应地为您提供完美的开发选择,以弥合您的成功与目标之间的鸿沟。

翻译自: https://medium.com/javascript-in-plain-english/top-10-node-js-frameworks-for-web-app-development-in-2020-21-38e3ea2a57e5

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