python在地图上画路线_python在openstreetmap地图上绘制路线图的实现

python在openstreetmap地图上绘制路线图的实现

发布时间:2020-08-28 23:14:52

来源:脚本之家

阅读:111

作者:AAAAAAAKing

利用python进行经纬度轨迹展示

嘿!各位好久不见,距离第一次发博客已经过去两年多了,本人也从本科生变成了研究生,好了书归正传,最近在做一个关于航班滑行路径轨迹的项目,目的是将航班的经纬度数据在地图上显现出来并生成一条路径,以方便日后的滑行路径优化与分析。本文所用的语言为python,使用的是folium包,数据在flightaware网站上可以找到,使用这个包之前还是需要先进行pip install folium

folium的基本用法

folium.Map([纬度,经度],zoom start,width,height,control_scale,no_touch)   #zoom start为地图的初始缩放尺寸,数值越大地图放大程度就会越大,width为像素或百分比(int或者str两种形式),height地图高度,control_scale为是否需要在地图上显示比例尺,默认为false,no_touch为是否禁止触碰地图或拖拽地图,默认为不禁止。这些功能都是可自己选择的,一般来说只需要经度纬度和zoom_start就好了

folium.Marker([纬度,经度]).add_to(m)   #在地图上设置一个标志符号

folium.PolyLine(location = [[纬度1,经度1],[纬度2,经度2]...],weight,color,opacity).add_to(m)   #在地图上划线将所输入坐标连接起来

python利用folium绘图代码

在装好folium包以后呢,我们就可以使用起来啦,代码如下所示:

from folium import plugins

import folium

import os

m = folium.Map([39.1289, 117.3539], zoom_start=10) #中心区域的确定

location =[[39.1289, 117.3539], [39.1277262, 117.3542938], [39.1277275, 117.3543001], [39.1277262, 117.3542938],

[39.1277275, 117.3543001], [39.1277262, 117.3542938], [39.1277262, 117.3542938],

[39.1271896, 117.3541359], [39.127121, 117.354126], [39.127121, 117.354126],

[39.1269348, 117.3541107], [39.1268692, 117.3541061], [39.1263994, 117.3540649],

[39.1257591, 117.3540165], [39.125608, 117.3540192], [39.1251984, 117.3539717],

[39.1250038, 117.3539568], [39.1246886, 117.3539276], [39.1246033, 117.3539269],

[39.1244316, 117.353912], [39.1242828, 117.353912], [39.1241112, 117.3538971],

[39.1238623, 117.3538666], [39.1233153, 117.3538361], [39.1232643, 117.3538374],

[39.1230354, 117.3537478], [39.1229895, 117.353714], [39.1228638, 117.3535239], [39.122818, 117.3534493],

[39.1227334, 117.353241], [39.1226985, 117.3531494], [39.122652, 117.3530273], [39.122652, 117.3529968],

[39.1225821, 117.352829], [39.1225239, 117.3526764], [39.1224861, 117.3525835], [39.1224774, 117.3525391],

[39.1224657, 117.3525238], [39.1224174, 117.3523745], [39.1221886, 117.3517625], [39.1221771, 117.3517327],

[39.1221399, 117.3516388], [39.1221199, 117.3515834], [39.1220169, 117.3512998], [39.1219769, 117.3512115],

[39.1219482, 117.3511057], [39.1219188, 117.3510437], [39.121814, 117.3507996], [39.1217791, 117.3507385],

[39.1217558, 117.350708], [39.1215935, 117.3505982], [39.121558, 117.3505859], [39.1213417, 117.3506131],

[39.1211014, 117.3507475], [39.121011, 117.3507996], [39.1209528, 117.3508301], [39.120883, 117.3508759],

[39.1208481, 117.3509064], [39.1207352, 117.3509714], [39.1204834, 117.3511356], [39.120369, 117.3511953],

[39.120369, 117.3511953], [39.1202774, 117.351255], [39.1186409, 117.3522551], [39.1185321, 117.3523254],

[39.1182976, 117.3524641], [39.1181374, 117.3525686], [39.1173566, 117.3530426], [39.1171188, 117.3531955],

[39.1168213, 117.3533746], [39.1163325, 117.3536682], [39.115867, 117.3539581], [39.1156691, 117.3540802],

[39.1156342, 117.3540955], [39.1156342, 117.3540955], [39.1144981, 117.3547927], [39.113551, 117.3553772],

[39.113551, 117.3553772], [39.1125069, 117.3559869], [39.1120846, 117.3557129], [39.1120846, 117.3557129],

[39.1119118, 117.3553002], [39.1118546, 117.355136], [39.111782, 117.3549652], [39.1115456, 117.3542404],

[39.1115958, 117.3540649], [39.1115958, 117.3540649], [39.1128411, 117.3532562], [39.1131786, 117.3530426],

[39.113807, 117.3526459], [39.113807, 117.3526459], [39.1191902, 117.3493593], [39.1197308, 117.3490295],

[39.1206386, 117.3484802], [39.1208713, 117.3483276], [39.1214676, 117.347971], [39.1214676, 117.347971],

[39.1214676, 117.347971], [39.1214676, 117.347971]] #输入坐标点(注意)folium包要求坐标形式以纬度在前,经度在后

route = folium.PolyLine( #polyline方法为将坐标用线段形式连接起来

location, #将坐标点连接起来

weight=3, #线的大小为3

color='orange', #线的颜色为橙色

opacity=0.8 #线的透明度

).add_to(m) #将这条线添加到刚才的区域m内

m.save(os.path.join(r'C:\Users\Desktop', 'Heatmap1.html')) #将结果以HTML形式保存到桌面上

成果展示(这个应该是要在联网的情况下进行的,有时候图像加载的有一些慢)

bea77ee6c32ebf1ee08c5d8d2d0a1975.png

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