6-15 Iterative Mergesort (25分)

How would you implement mergesort without using recursion?

The idea of iterative mergesort is to start from N sorted sublists of length 1, and each time to merge a pair of adjacent sublists until one sorted list is obtained. You are supposed to implement the key function of merging.

Format of functions:

void merge_pass( ElementType list[], ElementType sorted[], int N, int length );

The function merge_pass performs one pass of the merge sort that merges adjacent pairs of sublists from list into sorted. N is the number of elements in the list and length is the length of the sublists.

Sample program of judge:

#include <stdio.h>

#define ElementType int
#define MAXN 100

void merge_pass( ElementType list[], ElementType sorted[], int N, int length );

void output( ElementType list[], int N )
{
    int i;
    for (i=0; i<N; i++) printf("%d ", list[i]);
    printf("\n");
}

void  merge_sort( ElementType list[],  int N )
{
    ElementType extra[MAXN];  /* the extra space required */
    int  length = 1;  /* current length of sublist being merged */
    while( length < N ) { 
        merge_pass( list, extra, N, length ); /* merge list into extra */
        output( extra, N );
        length *= 2;
        merge_pass( extra, list, N, length ); /* merge extra back to list */
        output( list, N );
        length *= 2;
    }
} 


int main()
{
    int N, i;
    ElementType A[MAXN];

    scanf("%d", &N);
    for (i=0; i<N; i++) scanf("%d", &A[i]);
    merge_sort(A, N);
    output(A, N);

    return 0;
}

/* Your function will be put here */

Sample Input:

10
8 7 9 2 3 5 1 6 4 0

Sample Output:

7 8 2 9 3 5 1 6 0 4 
2 7 8 9 1 3 5 6 0 4 
1 2 3 5 6 7 8 9 0 4 
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 

源码:

void merge(ElementType list[], ElementType sorted[],int left,int right,int mid)
{
	int i,j,k;
	k=left;
	i=left;
	j=mid+1;
	while(i<=mid&&j<=right)
	{
		if(list[i]<=list[j])sorted[k++]=list[i++];
		else sorted[k++]=list[j++];
	}
	if(i>mid)
	while(j<=right)sorted[k++]=list[j++];
	else
	while(i<=mid)sorted[k++]=list[i++];
}
void merge_pass( ElementType list[], ElementType sorted[], int N, int length )
{
	int i,j,mid;
	i=0;
	while(1)
	{
		j=i+2*length-1;
		mid=(i+j)/2;
		if(j<=N-1)
		{
			merge(list,sorted,i,j,mid);
		}
		else
		{
			if(mid<=N-1)
			{
				merge(list,sorted,i,N-1,mid);
				break;
			}
			else break;
		}
		i=j+1;
	}
}
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