Ubuntu20.04(LTS)换源(阿里、清华)以及sources.list分享

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自用好使,谨慎操作
鄙人在安装完Ubuntu之后,安装Code::blocks的时候,在此之前需要安装C/C++编译环境build-essential,在安装的时候报出有关软件包依赖性的关系问题,经过一波研究发现,有的大佬通过安装aptitude来解决问题,因为aptitude可以很好地解决依赖关系 但是在安装aptitude的时候,还是出现了依赖关系,莫得办法
安装aptitude的命令

apt-get install aptitude

由于一次异常的系统崩溃不得不重新安装,就这么一次偶然的机会使得我在换源之后,解决了上面冗杂的问题
下面分享sources.list内容
在管理员权限下,可以使用gedit /etc/apt/sources.list
非管理权限下可以切换用户解决或者是使用sudo+上述命令
直接将原来的源全部删除覆盖加入以下内容即可


deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty main restricted universe multiverse 
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-security main restricted universe multiverse 
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates main restricted universe multiverse 
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse 
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-backports main restricted universe multiverse 
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty main restricted universe multiverse 
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-security main restricted universe multiverse 
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates main restricted universe multiverse 
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse 
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-backports main restricted universe multiverse

后来更新过的源文件:


deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-backports main restricted universe multiverse

# 默认注释了源码镜像以提高 apt update 速度,如有需要可自行取消注释
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ focal main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ focal main restricted universe multiverse
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ focal-updates main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ focal-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ focal-backports main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ focal-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ focal-security main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ focal-security main restricted universe multiverse

# 预发布软件源,不建议启用
# deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ focal-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ focal-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
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