strcpy与strncpy的区别

首先看c++ reference中关于strcpy与strncpy的详细说明。

参看http://www.cplusplus.com/reference/cstring/strcpy/和http://www.cplusplus.com/reference/cstring/strncpy/。


其次在stackoverflow上有一个相关问题:

问题:


Edit: I've added the source for the example.

I came across this example:

char source[MAX] = "123456789";
char source1[MAX] = "123456789";
char destination[MAX] = "abcdefg";
char destination1[MAX] = "abcdefg";
char *return_string;
int index = 5;

/* This is how strcpy works */
printf("destination is originally = '%s'\n", destination);
return_string = strcpy(destination, source);
printf("after strcpy, dest becomes '%s'\n\n", destination);

/* This is how strncpy works */
printf( "destination1 is originally = '%s'\n", destination1 );
return_string = strncpy( destination1, source1, index );
printf( "After strncpy, destination1 becomes '%s'\n", destination1 );

Which produced this output:

destination is originally = 'abcdefg'
After strcpy, destination becomes '123456789'

destination1 is originally = 'abcdefg'
After strncpy, destination1 becomes '12345fg'

Which makes me wonder why anyone would want this effect. It looks like it would be confusing. This program makes me think you could basically copy over someone's name (eg. Tom Brokaw) with Tom Bro763.

What are the advantages of using strncpy() over strcpy()?



解答:

strncpy combats buffer overflow by requiring you to put a length in itstrcpy depends on a trailing \0, which may not always occur.

Secondly, why you chose to only copy 5 characters on 7 character string is beyond me, but it's producing expected behavior. It's only copying over the first n characters, where n is the third argument.

The n functions are all used as defensive coding against buffer overflows. Please use them in lieu of older functions, such as strcpy.



阅读更多
个人分类: C/C++基础知识
想对作者说点什么? 我来说一句

strcpystrncpy区别

2011年01月20日 3KB 下载

没有更多推荐了,返回首页

不良信息举报

strcpy与strncpy的区别

最多只允许输入30个字

加入CSDN,享受更精准的内容推荐,与500万程序员共同成长!
关闭
关闭