linux下nginx首次安装远程无法访问

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> 因为是问题、花时间、所以进行记录一番

(一)安装环境:虚拟机centos7系统

对于nginx在linux下的安装卸载是装了又卸,卸了又装。远程访问就是访问不了,周五的时候能访问,到后面又不能访问了。其实这里可以有些方法的。

(二)验证nginx是否安装成功

首先根据这篇文章进行安装,使用源的方式安装:

centos7安装nginx

(三)本地机器测试nginx是否能正常启动

所谓的本地机器,就是你安装了nginx软件的那一台机器,输入命令:

curl http://192.168.241.129/

这里的ip地址为你本机的ip地址

然后会有结果:

[root@localhost nginx-1.12.1]# curl http://192.168.241.129/
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Welcome to nginx!</title>
<style>
    body {
        width: 35em;
        margin: 0 auto;
        font-family: Tahoma, Verdana, Arial, sans-serif;
    }
</style>
</head>
<body>
<h1>Welcome to nginx!</h1>
<p>If you see this page, the nginx web server is successfully installed and
working. Further configuration is required.</p>

<p>For online documentation and support please refer to
<a href="http://nginx.org/">nginx.org</a>.<br/>
Commercial support is available at
<a href="http://nginx.com/">nginx.com</a>.</p>

<p><em>Thank you for using nginx.</em></p>
</body>
</html>
[root@localhost nginx-1.12.1]# 

以上验证了本地是已经安装成功的了,

但是我们远程访问的时候就是访问不了,一直说拒绝访问,那就是可能真的跟端口,防火墙有关了。

(四)防火墙、端口开启设置

打开80端口:
(1)

vi /etc/sysconfig/iptables

(2)


-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT

如图:

image.png

image.png

(五)远程访问:

image.png

(六)以下是整个成功安装的过程:

[root@localhost nginx-1.12.1]# ip addr
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default qlen 1
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
    inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 ::1/128 scope host 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
2: ens33: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 00:0c:29:ac:77:31 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 192.168.241.129/24 brd 192.168.241.255 scope global dynamic ens33
       valid_lft 1732sec preferred_lft 1732sec
    inet6 fe80::5afb:ed05:b1f5:5d3a/64 scope link 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
[root@localhost nginx-1.12.1]# systemctl start firewalld.servic
Failed to start firewalld.servic.service: Unit not found.
[root@localhost nginx-1.12.1]# curl http://192.168.241.129/
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Welcome to nginx!</title>
<style>
    body {
        width: 35em;
        margin: 0 auto;
        font-family: Tahoma, Verdana, Arial, sans-serif;
    }
</style>
</head>
<body>
<h1>Welcome to nginx!</h1>
<p>If you see this page, the nginx web server is successfully installed and
working. Further configuration is required.</p>

<p>For online documentation and support please refer to
<a href="http://nginx.org/">nginx.org</a>.<br/>
Commercial support is available at
<a href="http://nginx.com/">nginx.com</a>.</p>

<p><em>Thank you for using nginx.</em></p>
</body>
</html>
[root@localhost nginx-1.12.1]# vi /etc/sysconfig/iptables
[root@localhost nginx-1.12.1]# cd /etc/sysconfig/iptables
bash: cd: /etc/sysconfig/iptables: No such file or directory
[root@localhost nginx-1.12.1]# netstat -anop | grep 80
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:80              0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      2226/nginx: master   off (0.00/0/0)
unix  2      [ ACC ]     STREAM     LISTENING     13780    1/systemd            /run/lvm/lvmpolld.socket
unix  3      [ ]         STREAM     CONNECTED     14680    496/systemd-journal  /run/systemd/journal/stdout
unix  2      [ ]         DGRAM                    104613   48094/su             
unix  3      [ ]         STREAM     CONNECTED     20180    1278/master          
unix  2      [ ]         DGRAM                    19137    1280/qmgr            
[root@localhost nginx-1.12.1]# netstat -anop | grep 80
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:80              0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      2226/nginx: master   off (0.00/0/0)
unix  2      [ ACC ]     STREAM     LISTENING     13780    1/systemd            /run/lvm/lvmpolld.socket
unix  3      [ ]         STREAM     CONNECTED     14680    496/systemd-journal  /run/systemd/journal/stdout
unix  2      [ ]         DGRAM                    104613   48094/su             
unix  3      [ ]         STREAM     CONNECTED     20180    1278/master          
unix  2      [ ]         DGRAM                    19137    1280/qmgr            
[root@localhost nginx-1.12.1]# curl http://192.168.241.129/
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Welcome to nginx!</title>
<style>
    body {
        width: 35em;
        margin: 0 auto;
        font-family: Tahoma, Verdana, Arial, sans-serif;
    }
</style>
</head>
<body>
<h1>Welcome to nginx!</h1>
<p>If you see this page, the nginx web server is successfully installed and
working. Further configuration is required.</p>

<p>For online documentation and support please refer to
<a href="http://nginx.org/">nginx.org</a>.<br/>
Commercial support is available at
<a href="http://nginx.com/">nginx.com</a>.</p>

<p><em>Thank you for using nginx.</em></p>
</body>
</html>
[root@localhost nginx-1.12.1]# sudo yum install iptables-services 
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirror.lzu.edu.cn
 * extras: mirrors.cn99.com
 * updates: mirrors.cn99.com
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package iptables-services.x86_64 0:1.4.21-24.1.el7_5 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

================================================================================================================
 Package                        Arch                Version                          Repository            Size
================================================================================================================
Installing:
 iptables-services              x86_64              1.4.21-24.1.el7_5                updates               51 k

Transaction Summary
================================================================================================================
Install  1 Package

Total download size: 51 k
Installed size: 25 k
Is this ok [y/d/N]: y
Downloading packages:
iptables-services-1.4.21-24.1.el7_5.x86_64.rpm                                           |  51 kB  00:00:00     
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
  Installing : iptables-services-1.4.21-24.1.el7_5.x86_64                                                   1/1 
  Verifying  : iptables-services-1.4.21-24.1.el7_5.x86_64                                                   1/1 

Installed:
  iptables-services.x86_64 0:1.4.21-24.1.el7_5                                                                  

Complete!
[root@localhost nginx-1.12.1]# vi /etc/sysconfig/iptables 
[root@localhost nginx-1.12.1]# systemctl stop firewalld
[root@localhost nginx-1.12.1]# systemctl stop iptalbes
Failed to stop iptalbes.service: Unit iptalbes.service not loaded.
[root@localhost nginx-1.12.1]# vi /etc/selinux/config 
[root@localhost nginx-1.12.1]# curl http://192.168.241.129/
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Welcome to nginx!</title>
<style>
    body {
        width: 35em;
        margin: 0 auto;
        font-family: Tahoma, Verdana, Arial, sans-serif;
    }
</style>
</head>
<body>
<h1>Welcome to nginx!</h1>
<p>If you see this page, the nginx web server is successfully installed and
working. Further configuration is required.</p>

<p>For online documentation and support please refer to
<a href="http://nginx.org/">nginx.org</a>.<br/>
Commercial support is available at
<a href="http://nginx.com/">nginx.com</a>.</p>

<p><em>Thank you for using nginx.</em></p>
</body>
</html>
[root@localhost nginx-1.12.1]# 

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