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厚积薄发

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原创 服务

究竟什么是服务?各种长篇大论往往把服务说的云里雾里,让人不知所从。其实服务简单至极。

2017-05-23 22:21:58 354

原创 VB修改Louts Notes默认浏览器设置

当前卫的JIRA遇到老旧的Lotus和更老的机器....

2016-07-05 20:04:09 1622

原创 批判矛盾本质论

教科书中往往强调矛盾是世界的本质,扯一些自己也说不清道不明、确定不了的的对立和统一,开个会经常就是讲这个矛盾那个矛盾,想想十分可笑。

2015-03-25 00:35:32 947

原创 foobar播放DTS多声道音乐

1、什么是DTS?DTS(数字化影院系统)是一种用于电影和音乐的高质量多音轨环绕声技术。详见百度现在的多媒体功放一般都支持多声道,多5.1,6.1,7.1音箱也随处可见,支持多声道的电脑主板也不少。这些都为我们欣赏DTS音乐提供了基础。网络上常见的DTS音乐格式有.DTS,.WAV,能播放这种格式的播放器很多,像千千静听就可以,但效果一般,但对foobar来说就小菜

2015-01-23 15:05:37 17753

原创 苏格拉底的问题-西方哲学史

在苏格拉底看来,为了达到真理,

2014-10-09 23:44:50 1335

原创 什么是标准化,规范化,系统化?

在我们的日常生活和工作中,常会用到

2014-10-08 11:36:31 14465

原创 哲学结构

什么是哲学?哲学的目的是什么?哲学如何进行研究?

2014-09-23 00:51:32 1847

原创 Redmine+SQL SERVER在Windows下的安装.

我们一直用Redmine做管理项目和系统缺陷跟踪.最近中心开发了微信平台,并引入了电话系统,都是SQL SERVER的,为了与这两个系统集成,算将Redmine改成SQL SERVER. 之前是用Bitnami一键安装的,没想到换个数据库的过程无比曲折.下面列出安装过程,希望对使用Redmine的朋友有帮助.Redmine版本:2.4.3操作系统:WIN2003 64位,win7 64位一

2014-03-04 22:05:50 1913

原创 赞:凤凰卫视之黄永玉访谈

到客厅陪岳父看电视,凤凰卫视正在对黄永玉的采访.已经采访到中途,就接着看了下去.主持问了黄老一个问题,您怎么看待党,以及与党的关系?黄老做了个比喻,大致是这样的:小时候,他想靠近妈妈,但靠近时却被妈妈打了一巴掌,然后也不再管他,就头也不回地走了,因为她知道他会跟上来.就这样一个比喻很深刻地刻画了与党的经历,对党的态度.第二个问题是问黄老怎么看待大陆现在的艺术/文艺.黄老的先是赞

2014-02-05 22:43:38 2025

原创 SQL SERVER中事务和锁的简要理解

阅读本文前建议先对事务有过基本的了解,有使用过事务,听过“锁”这个概念,而且对事务和锁的概念一直不太清楚。对于事务和锁的详细解说可以参考http://blog.csdn.net/happyflystone/article/list/1中的事务和锁系列,本文只是试图用最简单的语言(甚至不太精准)来帮助初学者理解锁和事务的概念。更加精准、全面和深入的概念请自行阅读。什么?你说你没用过事务?没用

2013-11-24 01:11:04 1829

原创 我要探索的问题

1.我们的物理世界是如何运作的2.我们的意识是如何运作的。3.我们的社会是如何运行的。4.上述三者之间的关联。5.上述三者各自的起始,过程,趋势,终结是怎样的。6.如果对上述问题有了结论,如何对结论进行验证。7.如何用述结论进行扩展,推论而进一步作用于上述三者。

2013-11-23 12:49:46 1234

原创 基于T-SQL的规则引擎(一) 背景

从明天起终于可以休息了.停下来休养身体,扎实学习一下技术,顺便写写这几年做过的东西.第一个,是一个基于SQL SERVER的规则引擎,写于2011年,当时不知道有规则引擎这东西,为了实现这样一个功能,自己写了一个,当时起的名字是"策略引擎",这个名字相当可是想了好久(给自己开发的东西命名是很爽的事)。背景我就职于一家联通代理商,是最早的一批联通3G代理商,主营3G业务,并且将公司自

2013-11-09 23:53:57 3599 1

原创 sql server 中语法校验

在今天的培训考试过程中,我提出一个扩展题,要求对提交的sql进行语法校验.其实这个题很简单,根本不需要用正则表达式去做语法分析,可以直接使用sql server自带的功能.不多说,上代码.alter proc sp_checksql @sql varchar(8000), @Error varchar(max)='' output as begin set nocount

2013-10-16 22:45:02 1746

原创 算法导论 2.1 插入排序

算法导论2.1节中以插入排序为例,讲述算法入门,本文也按照书中写出这段.以VB语言实现.插入排序的大致思路就像我们抓牌一样,抓到一张,就插入到牌中,并且确保插入后的牌是排好序的.也就是说,每次插入新牌前,手中的牌实际是已经排好序的,只要找到新牌待插入的位置,插进去,再把这个位置后的牌全往后挪一个位置,注意,是只挪一个位置.这个过程中有几个步骤,一是取出要插入的牌,二是找出要插入的位置,

2013-10-09 00:41:30 1008

原创 终于解脱了,迎接新生活.

提取辞职了,离离职还有两击.终于将解脱这黑暗的三年.准备进入新的生活,调养身体,并且闭关学习.算法和数据结构这几年全荒废了,大学本身就没学好,要恶补一下算法,要不哪敢自称是技术出身,都不好意思找新工作.算法导入第三版出了,打算以这本大作为入口,写点博客,记录下本书的学习过程.顺便也记录下这几年写的东西.

2013-10-09 00:07:09 1243

转载 .NET 配置系统未能初始化”异常

最近在讲课演示的时候,偶尔会发生如下的异常。“配置系统未能初始化”,当时也没有时间深究到底什么原因造成的。今天再一琢磨,以上的InnerException提示说:无法识别的配置节userSettings。再一深入找下去,我们找到下面这个目录这个目录下面确实有一个user.config文件这个文件内容是这

2013-06-30 10:44:44 3016

原创 联通SP短信的一个坑爹问题

我们在用SGIP开发联通SP短信时遇到一个问题,当我们发送一条营销短信时,用户不仅收到这我们发出的短信,还会额外收到一条短信,内容大概是这条短信是谁下发的,资费模式是啥啥啥的.原本我们的SP短信是免费的,但用户一看到有"资费"二字就很迷惑了,结果导致我们被投诉.找联通SP技术协助查原因N天,终于得到一个回复,短信中带有LinkID,所以会额外发出一条消息.但我们明明没有设置这个Link

2013-06-07 21:35:07 1530

原创 Datagridview操作性能慢的问题

用datagridview绑定数据源,第一列是一个checkbox,用于标志是否选中。当光标点到这行时自动选中这个checkbox,并且提供全选与取消全选的功能,这本是一个很简单的功能,但出现的问题是,鼠标点中行时,自动勾选checkbox,给checkbox赋值的速度相当慢,全选和取消全选更不用说,几十行就慢得不行,更别说上百行上千行的数据,没半小时都别想循环完.最后找出问题所在,Datag

2013-06-07 21:08:20 4386

原创 Datagridview绑定数据源时编辑数据的要点

简单记一下:Datagridview绑定数据源,使用bindingsource,即先将datatable/dataset绑定到bindingsource,再将datagridview(当然也可以是其他控件)绑定到bindingsource.暂时还没找到权威文档说一定要这么干,只是网上有建议这样做,貌似直接将datagridview绑定到datatable/dataset也行,但我在尝试修改数据

2013-06-03 12:06:19 1954

原创 SQL 聚合函数和空结果集对@@Rowcount的影响

今天测试一段代码.其中有一个逻辑是,有一个表,这个表有ID和Value两个字段,现尝试从这个表取某个ID的最大value值,若存在记录,则返回此最大值,若不存在,则插入一条新值.代码逻辑大致如下: DECLARE @max INTSELECT @max=0SELECT @Max = MAX(Filed1)FROM Table1IF @@Rowcount = 0

2012-12-10 15:30:38 1298

原创 SQL Server 解决 "无法执行该操作,因为链接服务器 的 OLE DB 访问接口 "SQLNCLI10" 无法启动分布式事务"

在跨网段的两台服务器间建立了链接服务器,读取数据正常,但是当用分布式事务更新时,提示"无法执行该操作,因为链接服务器 "XXXX" 的 OLE DB 访问接口 "SQLNCLI10" 无法启动分布式事务"解决办法:1.检查MSDTC设置,网上都有,不多说明.可以参照此文2.修改host设置,在C:\Windows\System32\drivers\etc下,在两台服务器分别添加

2012-11-28 11:40:35 32494

原创 VB6 控制IE弹出模式窗口

最近一个小项目,开发一个插件,需要对一个第三方系统的网页内容进行操作.操作的内容还比较复杂.自然选择用BHO做.做到一半卡住了,原因在于这个网站有一个showmodal的模式窗口,需要对这个弹出的模式窗口也进行控制.但是找遍了DOM和IE的各个接口也没找到能控制或捕获弹出窗口内容的东西.虽然可以重写弹出窗口的代码,改用window.open方式弹出,再进行捕获,但因为那网站的弹出窗口还

2012-11-20 23:43:28 2614 1

原创 设计难题:领导的方案和我的方案哪种更优?

[环境] 有多台高性能数据库服务器组成一个中央服务器集群,提供核心共享数据库,可以认为中央服务器是绝对安全的.另外有若干台数据库服务器供业务访问.  [业务流程介绍] 办理某业务时需要对信用额度进行检测和操作.各种业务对额度的访问频繁.大致流程如下: 业务服务器:提交单据时,判断信用额度减冻结额度是否大于0,大于0则增加冻结额度,信用额度余额不变,业务继续.小于0则禁止提交,中

2012-09-01 22:39:50 1201 2

转载 著名编程语录

一个好的程序员应该是那种过单行线都要往两边看的人。——Doug Linder, 系统管理员任何一个工具,它的一个最重要的、同时也是最难以做到的方面就是对那些学习使用这个工具的人在使用习惯上的影响。如果这个工具是一种编程语言,那么,这种影响——不管我们是否喜欢——将是一种思考习惯上的影响。—— Edsger Dijkstra, 计算机科学家抽象化是一种非常的不同于模糊化的东西 … 抽

2012-08-15 11:53:43 1051

原创 VS2008 连接SQL2008调试 提示"不支持此服务器版本,仅支持sql 2005以下版本的服务器"

系统环境:WIN7 旗舰版 64位VS2008简体中文版,微软官网下载的.SQL2008 R2连接数据库调试时一直提示不支持此服务器版本,仅支持sql 2005以下版本的服务器尝试了很多办法都没解决,最终的解决办法是安装VS2008 SP1补丁.

2012-08-15 09:48:22 5204

原创 WIN7 VS2010安装失败解决过程

系统环境:联系G480 I5/3210 WIn7 64位,已经安装VS2008,MS SQL2008从微软官网下载了VS2010,但安装VS2010时总是失败,如下图即Microsoft .NET Framework 4安装失败.可以参见如下网址:http://zhidao.baidu.com/question/392095083.html百度了许多方案,如杀毒软件

2012-08-12 23:36:17 2031

转载 前端框架你究竟选什么

在做web开发的时候难免遇到一个问题,那就是,选择什么样的框架。下面把前端的框架简单的列一下。1、flexApache基金会今天发布了Flex 4.8版本,这是Adobe将Flex捐献给Apache基金会后发布的第一个版本。需要注意的是,Flex目前还在孵化阶段,还不是Apache的正式项目,Flex 4.8也不是一个正式的Apache版本。Apache称,

2012-08-07 12:51:33 1261

转载 JavaScript世界的一等公民 - 函数

简介在很多传统语言(C/C++/Java/C#等)中,函数都是作为一个二等公民存在,你只能用语言的关键字声明一个函数然后调用它,如果需要把函数作为参数传给另一个函数,或是赋值给一个本地变量,又或是作为返回值,就需要通过函数指针(function pointer)、代理(delegate)等特殊的方式周折一番。而在JavaScript世界中函数却是一等公民,它不仅拥有一切传统函数

2012-08-07 10:31:48 571

转载 怎样花两年时间去面试一个人

Joel Spolsky曾经感叹:招聘难,难于上青天(此处笔者稍加演绎:))。他有两个辛辣但不乏洞察力的断言:真正的牛人也许一辈子就投大概4次简历,这些家伙一毕业就被好公司抢走了,并且他们的雇主会给他们不赖的待遇,所以他们也不想挪窝。(刚刚去世的Dennis Ritchie就是这样一个人)而“人才”市场上能找到的大多都不是什么人才。招到这帮人轻则费钱重则把你公司搞挂。诚然,也许没有哪个

2012-08-07 10:23:33 2824

转载 JavaScript面向对象15分钟教程

本指南可以很快让你学会写优美的面向对象JavaScript代码,我保证!学会写简洁的JavaScript代码对一个开发者的发展很重要,随着像Node.js这类技术的出现,你现在可以在服务器端写JavaScript代码了,你甚至可以用JavaScript来查询像MongoDB这样的持久性数据存储。现在开始写面向对象的JS(OO JS),如果你有什么问题或我遗漏了什么,在下面评论出告诉我。

2012-08-07 10:19:16 862

转载 JavaScript宝座:八大框架论剑

一周前,Throne of JS大会在多伦多召开,这应该是我参加过的最有料也最不一样的一次大会。大会官网如是说:加载整个页面,然后再“渐进增强”以添加动态行为,这种构建Web应用的方式已经不够好了。要想让应用加载快,反应灵敏,而且又引领潮流,必须彻底检讨你的开发手段。这次大会邀请了八大JavaScript框架/库的创建人,他们济济一堂,面对面交流各自的技术理念。所谓八大框架/库分别

2012-08-07 10:18:04 1249

转载 pffp(一个JavaScript公共函数接口规范)的简介

Public Functions for Page 拥有一个兼具对称与不对称美的缩写 —— pffp声明:pffp不是什么? pffp 不是一个框架;pffp不是一个特定的插件或工具。pffp是什么? pffp 是页面公共函数集;pffp 拥有一个关于 JavaScript描述的 页面公共逻辑 处理函数的 编写风格的 定义。pffp被分享的理由(存在的意义): 它所

2012-08-07 10:04:27 953

转载 Node.js不是银弹,但它仍然是颗子弹

本文的作者 Craig 是一个住在纽约的自由软件开发者,他在最近的看到了一篇名为《如果你正在使用Node.js,你就是误入歧途》的文章,文章对Node.js横加指责,Craig对此表示不满,于是写下了下面的文章:我真的不知道为什么有人这样的讨厌 Node.js。你也看见了网上有大量关于 Node.js 的文章和高调的言论,就好象 Node.js 是解决所有问题的良方。不是的。就像现

2012-08-07 10:02:01 750

转载 针对 Node.js 初学者的入门资源汇总

本文内容源于stackoverflow上的一个问答帖,帖子发布者是一名Node.js的初学者,他写道:我准备学习Node.js,是否有一些好的入门资源?或者好的教程、博客、书籍等?当然,Node.js官方网站和WIKI中提供了非常不错的资源,初学者可以从这里开始。另外,借助第三方社区、博客、书籍,可以加快学习的进度。热心的网友在回复中给出了非常不错的建议,本文将其整理如下。

2012-08-07 10:01:28 678

转载 了解 JavaScript 中的内置对象

所有编程语言都具有内部(或内置的)对象来创建 语言的基本功能。内部对象是 您编写自定义代码所用语言的基础, 该代码基于您的想象实现自定义功能。JavaScript 有许多 将其定义为语言的内部对象。本文介绍了一些 最常用的对象,并简要介绍了它们 有哪些功能以及如何使用这些功能。 NumberJavaScript Number 对象是 一个数值包装器。您可以将其与 new

2012-08-07 09:59:43 696

原创 VB.NET中的安全加密算法

这几天需要对系统中的一些关键数据进行加密。用VB.NET编写CLR函数,然后在存储过程中略加修改即完成任务。在测试过程中遇到不少问题,比如说不熟悉流对象(初学VB.NET),不熟悉编码转换,最重要的是加密的密钥长度限制,可能很多人会遇到。下面的代码中实现了散列加密算法和对称加密算法,用的都是.NET安全算法的工厂类,并实现常用的Base64编码和解码。常用的散列加密算法有:MD5,SH

2012-02-08 15:54:06 2385

原创 个人总结.

前两天有朋友问我的职业规划是怎样的.突然我觉得很迷茫.其实这个问题我在毕业时就已经规划好,而且每年都有详细的规划文档.但往往计划不如变化,很多事情没有按原计划进行.2009年毕业时原计划毕业三年类精学开发,进入一家正规的软件开发企业学习.但我一到广州,就被姐安排进行朋友的公司,做ERP,实施顾问,没有多少技术含量(仅指开发层面),每天写SQL,偶尔写点VB被老板发现还不好.这样一年下来

2012-02-07 22:50:23 707

转载 SSO单点登录解决方案[转载]

<br />1 什么是单点登陆<br />      单点登录(Single Sign On),简称为 SSO,是目前比较流行的企业业务整合的解决方案之一。SSO的定义是在多个应用系统中,用户只需要登录一次就可以访问所有相互信任的应用系统。<br />      较大的企业内部,一般都有很多的业务支持系统为其提供相应的管理和IT服务。例如财务系统为财务人员提供财务的管理、计算和报表服务;人事系统为人事部门 提供全公司人员的维护服务;各种业务系统为公司内部不同的业务提供不同的服务等等。这些系统的目的都是让计算

2011-02-11 10:46:00 928

转载 “服务器推”技术的应用

传统模式的 Web 系统以客户端发出请求、服务器端响应的方式工作。这种方式并不能满足很多现实应用的需求,譬如:监控系统:后台硬件热插拔、LED、温度、电压发生变化;即时通信系统:其它用户登录、发送信息;即时报价系统:后台数据库内容发生变化;这些应用都需要服务器能实时地将更新的信息传送到客户端,而无须客户端发出请求。“服务器推”技术在现实应用中有一些解决方案,本文将这些解决方案分为两类:

2011-02-11 10:44:00 649

原创 VB6 禁止浏览器下载图片,脚本,视频,音乐及ActvieX等.

<br />一直没有找到自定义浏览器的方法,经老马推荐,找到了L-E浏览器的源码,啃了一星期,终于提取出了一份可用的代码.源码改自L-E浏览器.感谢作者.实现原理参考了COM原理与应用.另外关于代码中的OnAmbientPropertyChange -5512相信很多人会有疑问.请参照此帖[http://topic.csdn.net/u/20101117/17/b465d207-cb59-4111-bcda-5bdf3ca7f710.html].感谢hpygzhx520.<br />源码下载:http://

2010-11-22 10:13:00 2294 2

OMG 架构驱动的现代知识发现元模型 (KDM) V1.3 英文版

Architecture-Driven Modernization Knowledge Discovery Meta-Model (KDM) V1.3.pdf KDM is defined via Meta-Object Facility (MOF). KDM determines the interchange format via the XML Metadata Interchange (XMI) by applying the standard MOF to XMI mapping to the KDM MOF model. The interchange format defined by KDM is called the KDM XMI schema. The KDM XMI schema is provided as the normative part of this specification. KDM is a meta-model with a very broad scope that covers a large and diverse set of applications, platforms, and programming languages. Not all of its capabilities are equally applicable to all platforms, applications, or programming languages. The primary goal of KDM is to provide the capability to exchange models between tools and thus facilitate cooperation between tool suppliers to integrate multiple facts about a complex enterprise application, as the complexity of modern enterprise applications involves multiple platform technologies and programming languages. In order to achieve interoperability and especially the integration of information about different facets of an enterprise application from multiple analysis tools, this specification defines several compliance levels thereby increasing the likelihood that two or more compliant tools will support the same or compatible meta-model subsets. This suggests that the meta-model should be structured modularly, following the principle of separation of concerns, with the ability to select only those parts of the meta-model that are of direct interest to a particular tool vendor. Separation of concerns in the design of KDM is embodied in the concept of KDM domains.

2019-08-29

信息系统项目管理师考试辅导(针对下午考试) 曹济 温丽 完整书签 389页

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2018-10-15

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2016-02-18

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2012-06-20

一种SQL语法分析的策略和实现.pdf

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2012-06-20

主流内存数据库指南.pdf

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2012-06-20

SQL SERVER 数据库文件增长对主机性能的影响分析.pdf

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2012-06-20

sql server 数据集成建模指南.pdf

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2012-06-20

sql server 数据仓库最佳实践手册.pdf

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2012-06-20

sql server 时间数据类型 pdf

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2012-06-20

Sql Server 企业数据集成实践手册.pdf

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2012-06-20

SQL SERVER 导出专家手册.pdf

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2012-06-20

SQL Server虚拟化基础指南 pdf

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2012-06-20

SQL Server索引设计和调优技巧大全.pdf

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2012-06-20

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2012-06-20

SQL Server第三方工具指南.pdf

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2012-06-20

SQL Server存储域网络技巧集锦.pdf

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2012-06-20

SQL Server存储过程调试指南.pdf

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2012-06-20

SQL Server XML基础指南.pdf

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2012-06-20

SQL Server 2008 R2中文教程.pdf

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2012-06-20

SQL Server CLR数据库对象开发指南 pdf

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2012-06-20

2011年度十大SQL Server技巧文章 pdf

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2012-06-20

ASP.net与VB.net从入门到精通.pdf

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2012-06-04

COM初学者陷阱——列集与散集 pdf

VB COm 列集 散集 序列化 持久化

2012-06-04

wmi技术指南 pdf

WIM技术指南. 详细的WIM介绍,如WQL.

2012-06-04

ASP与XML高级编程 pdf

ASP与XML高级编程

2012-06-04

VB 仿真 物体 下落 反弹 源码

VB6编写 模仿物体下落与反弹. 封装了物体的匀(加)速直线运动的一些方法,可以方便用于其他程序中.

2009-08-27

移动业务管理系统(VB)

VB设计的一款仿移动业务管理系统,功能比较简单,但基本功能都有,采取的Access数据库,数据库未经优化(使用前请先注册控件)<br>本程序仅供参考 三断笛保持所有权利

2008-01-29

简单数据库服务器调试(源码)

一个简单的数据库服务器调试工具,还没写完的<br>现在支持SQL和Oracle两类,SQL只用到一种连接方式,而Oracle用到了ADO和OO4O(部分功能尚未完成),<br>支持SQL语句执行(支持SQL Server和Oracle语法,并支持关键字高亮)支持导出数据库表结构为SQL脚本....<br>连接Oracle服务器需要安装OO40组件,这一组件可以去OTN免费得到

2008-01-29

OMG 统一建模语言(UML) V2.51 英文版

Unified Modeling Language® (OMG UML®) V2.51.pdf This specification defines the Unified Modeling Language (UML), revision 2. The objective of UML is to provide system architects, software engineers, and software developers with tools for analysis, design, and implementation of software-based systems as well as for modeling business and similar processes. The initial versions of UML (UML 1) originated with three leading object-oriented methods (Booch, OMT, and OOSE), and incorporated a number of best practices from modeling language design, object-oriented programming, and architectural description languages. Relative to UML 1, this revision of UML has been enhanced with significantly more precise definitions of its abstract syntax rules and semantics, a more modular language structure, and a greatly improved capability for modeling large-scale systems.

2019-09-05

生命周期建模语言 (LML) V1.1 英文版

The LML specification’s purpose is to provide a reference for users of the language to understand its goals, concepts and structure and to provide vendors a reference for implementation of the language. The basis for the LML formulation is the classic entity, relationship, and attribute (ERA) meta - meta model. This formulation modifies the classical approach slightly by includ ing attributes on relationships, to provide the adverb, as well as the noun (entity), relationship (verb), and attribute (ad jective ) language elements. Since LML was designed to translate to object languages, such as UML/SysML, these language elements correspond to classes (entity), relations (relationship), and properti es (attribute). Current Systems Engineering languages tend to add complexity to already complex problems, thus making it more difficult to communicate the unde rlying issues and develop effective solutions. LML is designed to be a simpler language, both in terms of its ontology and visual expressions. This feature makes it easy to understand by the entire set of lifecycle stakeholders. Such a simplified language many not include all the “bins” for information a particular domain wants, hence, LML is extensible allowing for discipline and domain specific extensions to support the needs of a specific pro ject, organization or customer. The process for extension submission will be detailed on the lifecyclemodeling.org website. For example, UML and SysML use the term Actor to define a part of the system that performs actions . The DoDAF Metamodel 2 uses the word Performer for the same purpose. LML uses the term, Asset, but also allows the user to extend the language by defining Actors or Performers. However, we recommend modelers use the type attribute for Assets instead, as a means to differentiate between these different names. New entities or child entities are recommended only when new attributes and/or relationships are needed. Thus modelers using LML will know what entity to put something in immediately and can adjust the type as needed. We saw this problem in the DoDAF where modelers were often confused by the difference between an operational node and a systems node. When you have two “bins” to put the same kind of information into confusion often results. Further examples of this comparison appear in Appendix A and B. This specification of LML also defines common visualizations for information. For example, the Risk entity has a standard Risk Matrix as its basic diagram. Each entity has these kinds of common visualizations and they need to be as simple as possible to reduce the complexity of the language and make it more understandable by a broader set of stakeh olders. Other visualizations are allowed and encouraged as they aid in expressing the information, which is the real goal of any language visualizations. These can and should be proposed as extensions to the language as well so that others practitioners can benefit from these visualizations. Ontologies provide a set of defined terms and relationships between the terms to capture the information that describes the physical, functional, performance, and programmatic aspects of the system. By system, 1 we mean the entire set of processes, people and things which operate for the benefit of people. Common ways for describing such ontologies is entity, relationship, and attribute (ERA). ERA is often used to define database schemas. LML use s the ERA approach, but extends it by adding attribute s to relationships. The extension reduces the number of relationships needed, just as attributes reduce the number of entities needed. This section defines the ERAs for LML, thus providing the basic definitions of the data type s used to collect information about the system . In addition, we describe how inheritance, extensions, limitations and instantiation can be used by tool developers to remain within the guidelines of this standard. Entity, relationship and attribute have equivalent English language elements: noun, verb, and adjective. With the addition of attributes on the relationship, we also have the equivalent of the adverb. These equivalencies have been provided to aid in understanding the semantics of the language.

2019-09-05

OMG 架构驱动的现代化抽象语法树元模型(ASTM) V1.pdf 英文版

Architecture-driven Modernization Abstract Syntax Tree Metamodel (ASTM) V1.pdf The purpose of the ASTM is to provide a framework that allows tool vendors and tool clients to build and use tools that conform to commonly agreed upon modeling specifications for the interchange of abstract syntax models of software. Interoperability is achieved when models can be interchanged using modeling elements that conform to those specified in the ASTM specification. The internal proprietary models of tools need not conform the ASTM for a tool to be considered compliant with the ASTM. To be considered compliant a tool need only adhere to the ASTM as a model interchange specification. Tool conformance is concerned solely with the ability of tools to interchange models that conform to the ASTM. • For a GAST model to conform with the ASTM it must conform to the GAST Metamodel provided by this specification. • For a SAST model to conform to the ASTM it must conform to both the GASTM model provided with this specification as well as the SASTM model provided by some future SASTM specification. The ASTM is a bi-dimension multi-layered modeling specification. The two dimensions of the ASTM define both syntactic as well as the semantic properties of software. The layers of the ASTM define a core set of modeling elements, the GASTM, that are common to many programming languages as well as a set of extensions, the SASTMs, that extend from the core for and are used in concert with the GASTM for defining models specialized to particular programming languages. Table 2.1 illustrates the Compliance Points of the ASTM.

2019-08-29

OMG 本体定义元模型 V1.1 英文版

Ontology Definition Metamodel V1.1.pdf There are several compliance points distinguished for the Ontology Definition Metamodel. These include: 1. None or Not Compliant, meaning that the application in question is not compliant with a particular metamodel, as defined by the metamodel itself, the abstract syntax, well-formedness rules, semantics, and notation specified for a particular package or set of packages. 2. Compliant, meaning that the implementation fully complies with the abstract syntax, well-formedness rules, semantics and notation of a particular package or set of packages. 3. Interchange, indicating that the implementation provides compliance as specified in [2], and can exchange metamodel instances using ODM package conformant XMI. There are several possible entry points for implementations that want to provide/claim minimal compliance with the ODM. These require compliance with one of the following base metamodel packages: • RDFBase Metamodel Package (RDFBase is a sub package of the Resource Description Framework (RDF) Metamodel Package). • Topic Maps (TM) Metamodel Package. • Common Logic (CL) Metamodel Package. For a given implementation to claim ODM compliance, it must be Compliant, as defined in 2, above, with one of these three packages. There are several compliance options available to vendors for the RDF Metamodel Package. These include: • RDFBase Only - as implied above, this package contains the set of elements requ ired for core RDF support, such as is necessary to support a triple store implementation; the focu s here is on the set of constructs defined in the RDF Concepts and Abstract Syntax [RDF Concepts] document. • RDFBase + RDFWeb - provides core RDF support and fits these concepts to the World Wide Web. • RDFBase + RDFS - moves the implementation focus from core RDF to RDF Schema, as specified in [RDF Schema]. • RDF - meaning, the implementation supports all of the concepts defined in the three sub packages, which represents RDF Schema fitted to the Web. There are two possible compliance points for the OWL Metamodel Package. Each of these requires support for the entire RDF package, including the RDFWeb component. They include: • OWLBase + OWLDL - focus is on a description logics application that constrains an ontology in turn for DL decidability. • OWLBase + OWLFull - focus is on more expressive applications rather than on decidability of entailment. The complete set of ODM compliance options is summarized in Table 2.1.

2019-08-29

OMG 业务动机模型 V1.3 英文版

Business Motivation Model V1.3.pdf Fundamental to the Business Motivation Model is the notion of ‘motivation.’ If an enterprise prescribes a certain approach for its business activity, it ought to be able to say ‘why ;’ that is, what result(s) the approach is meant to achieve. Sometimes it is difficult to uncover such motivation, especially in operations that have been going on for some time. All too often it turns out to be “...because we had to find a workaround for a system that didn’t do quite what was needed.” This may describe business work prac tice, information systems, or both. A cornerstone of any work addressing motivation has to be the enterprise’s aspirations (its Vision) and its action plans for how to realize them (its Mission). Refinements were intr oduced; Vision into Goals and Objectives, and Mission into Strategies for approaching Goals, and Tactics for achieving Objectives. The general term End was adopted to refer broadly to any of the ‘aspiration’ concepts (Vision, Goal, Objective) and the term Means to refer generally to any of the ‘action plan’ concepts (Mission, Strategy, Tactic). This conjunction of Ends and Means ‘being’ and ‘doing’ provides the core concepts of the Model 1 . An enterprise, however, cannot operate on this Model alone — the business needs to take into account the numerous Influencers that can hinder or assist its operation. These Influencers provide Oppor tunities that would help the enterprise operate, as well as Threats that would thwart it. Influencers also represent Strengths from within that the enterprise could exploit, or Weaknesses that it should compensate for. But is an Influencer inherently a Strength or Weakness — is it always a Threat or Opportunity? That determination comes from an Assessment of the impact of an Influencer on the st ated Ends and Means — an Assessment such as is developed in SWOT 2 analysis. In this commonly-used technique, Internal In fluencers (assessed to be Strengths and Weaknesses) and External Influencers (assessed to be O pportunities and Threats) are analyzed as a part of business plan development. Once an Assessment has identified relevant Influencers in terms of their impact on Ends and Means, Directives (Business Policies and Business Rules) can be put in place to govern and guide the enterprise Courses of Action. Directives keep the enterprise on course and moving toward its Desired Results. Because of their integr al role in guiding Courses of Action, Directives are included in the set of Means concepts. Business Rules are noteworthy in that regard. Business Rule s sharpen the Business Tactics be cause they make Courses of Action concrete at the operational level. Bu siness Rules can also provide specific remedies when a Course of Action fails, and specific resolutions to conflicts that inevitably arise amon g the Ends. In short, Business Rules provide the leverage needed for building effective, adaptable business solutions and systems.

2019-08-29

OMG 产品规则描述语言 (PRR) V1 英文版

Production Rule Representation (PRR) V1.pdf The Production Rule Representation (PRR) fulfills a number of requirements related to business rules, software systems, OMG standards, and other rule standards. • It provides a standard production rule representation that is compatible with rule engine vendors’ definitions of production rules. It can therefore be used for interchange of business rules amongst rule modeling tools (and other tools that support rule modeling as a function of some other task). • It provides a standard production rule representation that is readily mappable to business rules, as defined by business rule management tool vendors. • It provides a standard production rule definition that supports and encourages system vendors to support production rule execution. • It provides an OMG MDA PIM model with a high probability of support at the PSM level from the contributing rule engine vendors and others, and can be included to add production rule capabilities to other OMG metamodels. • It provides examples of how the OMG UML can be used to support production rules in a standardized and useful way. • It provides a standard production rule representation that can be used as the basis for other efforts such as the W3C Rule Interchange Format and a production rule version of RuleML.

2019-08-29

OMG 系统建模语言 (OMG SysML™) 1.6.pdf 英文版

Systems Modeling Language (OMG SysML™) 1.6.pdf The purpose of this International Standard is to specify the Systems Modeling Language (SysML), a general-purpose modeling language for systems engineering. Its intent is to specify the language so that systems engineering modelers may learn to apply and use SysML; modeling tool vendors may implement and support SysML; and both can provide feedback to improve future versions. Note that a definition of “system” and “systems engineering” can be found inISO/ IEC 15288. SysML reuses a subset of UML 2.5 and provides additional extensions to address the requirements in UML for SE. SysML uses the UML 2.5 extension mechanisms as further elaborated in Clause 17 as the primary mechanism to specify the extensions to UML 2.5. This revision of SysML relies on several new features incorporated into UML 2.5. Any use of the term “UML 2” or “UML” in this specification, unless otherwise noted, will refer to UML 2.5 in general and the UML 2.5 specification in particular. Since SysML uses UML 2.5 as its foundation, systems engineers modeling with SysML and software engineers modeling with UML 2.5 will be able to collaborate on models of software-intensive systems. This will improve communication among the various stakeholders who participate in the systems development process and promote interoperability among modeling tools. It is anticipated that SysML will be customized to model domain-specific applications, such as automotive, aerospace, communication, and information systems. SysML is designed to provide simple but powerful constructs for modeling a wide range of systems engineering problems. It is particularly effective in specifying requirements, structure, behavior, allocations, and constraints on system properties to support engineering analysis. The language is intended to support multiple processes and methods such as structured, object-oriented, and others, but each methodology may impose additional constraints

2019-08-29

OMG 统一架构框架 (UAF) V1 英文版

Unified Architecture Framework (UAF) V1 This Appendix describes the Unified Architecture Framework, the Domain Meta-Model (DMM) that captures the concepts, relationships, and viewpoints that specify the Unified Architecture Framework Profile &#40;UAFP&#41;. As well as providing the DMM for the UAFP, it is intended to provided a non-implementation specific metamodel for those non-UML or SysML tool vendors who may wish to implement the UAF, consequently it is not neccessary to generate XMI for the UAF.

2019-08-29

OMG 价值交付建模语言 (VDML) V1.1 英文版

Value Delivery Modeling Language (VDML) V1.1 The purpose of VDML is to provide a standard modeling language for analysis and design of the operation of an enterprise with particular focus on th e creation and exchange of value. It provides an abstraction of the operation of an enterprise that is appropriate for business executives, along with representation of supporting detail for business analysts to link strategy and business models to the activities, roles, and capabilities that run the enterprise. The target users are business people—executives, business architects, analysts and managers. Information systems analysts and designers may use VDML models as specifications for the design of supporting information systems.

2019-08-29

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