cs231n作业:Assignment2-Dropout

def dropout_forward(x, dropout_param):
    """
    Performs the forward pass for (inverted) dropout.

    Inputs:
    - x: Input data, of any shape
    - dropout_param: A dictionary with the following keys:
      - p: Dropout parameter. We keep each neuron output with probability p.
      - mode: 'test' or 'train'. If the mode is train, then perform dropout;
        if the mode is test, then just return the input.
      - seed: Seed for the random number generator. Passing seed makes this
        function deterministic, which is needed for gradient checking but not
        in real networks.

    Outputs:
    - out: Array of the same shape as x.
    - cache: tuple (dropout_param, mask). In training mode, mask is the dropout
      mask that was used to multiply the input; in test mode, mask is None.

    NOTE: Please implement **inverted** dropout, not the vanilla version of dropout.
    See http://cs231n.github.io/neural-networks-2/#reg for more details.

    NOTE 2: Keep in mind that p is the probability of **keep** a neuron
    output; this might be contrary to some sources, where it is referred to
    as the probability of dropping a neuron output.
    """
    p, mode = dropout_param['p'], dropout_param['mode']
    if 'seed' in dropout_param:
        np.random.seed(dropout_param['seed'])

    mask = None
    out = None

    if mode == 'train':
        #######################################################################
        # TODO: Implement training phase forward pass for inverted dropout.   #
        # Store the dropout mask in the mask variable.                        #
        #######################################################################
        mask = (np.random.rand(*x.shape) < p) / p
        out = x * mask
        # print("mask shape", mask.shape)
        pass
        #######################################################################
        #                           END OF YOUR CODE                          #
        #######################################################################
    elif mode == 'test':
        #######################################################################
        # TODO: Implement the test phase forward pass for inverted dropout.   #
        #######################################################################
        out = x
        pass
        #######################################################################
        #                            END OF YOUR CODE                         #
        #######################################################################


    cache = (dropout_param, mask)
    out = out.astype(x.dtype, copy=False)

    return out, cache


def dropout_backward(dout, cache):
    """
    Perform the backward pass for (inverted) dropout.

    Inputs:
    - dout: Upstream derivatives, of any shape
    - cache: (dropout_param, mask) from dropout_forward.
    """
    dropout_param, mask = cache
    mode = dropout_param['mode']
    # print(dout.shape,mask.shape)

    dx = None
    if mode == 'train':
        #######################################################################
        # TODO: Implement training phase backward pass for inverted dropout   #
        #######################################################################
        dx = dout * mask
        pass
        #######################################################################
        #                          END OF YOUR CODE                           #
        #######################################################################
    elif mode == 'test':
        dx = dout
    return dx
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