DIB与IplImage图像格式的相互转换

DIB转换为IplImage

 DIB->bmp->IPLImage.

Void DIB2IplImage(CDIB m_dib)

{

/// DIB2CBitmap

     unsigned char *pBits = (unsigned char *)malloc(m_dib.height*m_dib.bytes);

     memcpy(pBits,m_dib.m_pBits,m_dib.height*m_dib.bytes);

     CBitmap* bitMap = new CBitmap;

     bitMap->CreateBitmap(m_dib.width,m_dib.height,1,m_dib.m_nBits,m_dib.m_pVoid);

     free(pBits);

//

IplImage* img=CBitmap2IplImage(bitMap);

     delete[] bitMap;

}

 

IplImage* CBitmap2IplImage(CBitmap* pBitmap)

{

HBITMAP   hBmp   =   (HBITMAP)(*pBitmap);//

BITMAP bmp;

::GetBitmapBits(hBmp,sizeof(BITMAP),&bmp);

 

    

int nChannels = 3;

int depth = bmp.bmBitsPixel == 1 ? IPL_DEPTH_1U : IPL_DEPTH_8U;

IplImage* pImg = cvCreateImage( cvSize(bmp.bmWidth, bmp.bmHeight),depth, nChannels);

BYTE *pBuffer = new BYTE[bmp.bmHeight*bmp.bmWidth*nChannels];//创建缓冲区 

GetBitmapBits(hBmp, bmp.bmHeight*bmp.bmWidth*nChannels, pBuffer);//将位图信息复制到缓冲区

//memcpy(pImg->imageData, pBuffer, bmp.bmHeight*bmp.bmWidth*nChannels);//将缓冲区信息复制给IplImage

img->imageData=(char*)pBuffer;

    delete[] pBuffer;

     return pImg;

}

 

IplImage转换为DIB

/IplImage转化为Dib

Void IplImage2DIB(IplImage* pImg)

{

CBitmap* bmp=IplImage2CBitmap(pImg);//IplImage转化为CBitmap

CDIB dib;

HANDLE hDib=dib.BMPToDIB(bmp,BI_RGB,0);//CBitmap转化为hDib

if (m_dib.CreateFromHandle(hDib,m_dib.bytes))

        pDoc->m_Dib=m_dib;

}

 CBitmap* CFda_Dlg1::IplImage2CBitmap(IplImage *pImage)

{

    if( pImage && pImage->depth == IPL_DEPTH_8U )

    {

        HDC hDC=GetDC()->GetSafeHdc();

       uchar buffer[sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER) + 1024];

       BITMAPINFO* bmi = (BITMAPINFO*)buffer;

       int bmp_w = pImage->width, bmp_h = pImage->height;

       FillBitmapInfo( bmi, bmp_w, bmp_h, pImage->depth*pImage->nChannels, pImage->origin );

    

       char *pBits=NULL;

       HBITMAP hBitmap=CreateDIBSection(hDC,bmi,DIB_RGB_COLORS,(void**)&pBits,NULL,0);

       memcpy(pBits,pImage->imageData,pImage->imageSize);

       CBitmap *pBitmap=new CBitmap;

       pBitmap->Attach(hBitmap);

 

       return pBitmap;

    }

    else

       return NULL;

}

 

void CFda_Dlg1::FillBitmapInfo( BITMAPINFO* bmi,int width, int height,int bpp, intorigin)

{

    assert( bmi && width >= 0 && height >= 0 && (bpp == 8 || bpp == 24 || bpp == 32));

 

    BITMAPINFOHEADER* bmih = &(bmi->bmiHeader);

 

    memset( bmih, 0, sizeof(*bmih));

    bmih->biSize = sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER);

    bmih->biWidth = width;

    bmih->biHeight = origin ? abs(height) : -abs(height);

    bmih->biPlanes = 1;

    bmih->biBitCount = (unsigned short)bpp;

    bmih->biCompression = BI_RGB;

 

    if( bpp == 8 )

    {

       RGBQUAD* palette = bmi->bmiColors;

       int i;

       for( i = 0; i < 256; i++ )

       {

        palette[i].rgbBlue = palette[i].rgbGreen = palette[i].rgbRed = (BYTE)i;

        palette[i].rgbReserved = 0;

       }

    }

}

 

HANDLE CDIB::BMPToDIB( CBitmap* bitmap, DWORD dwCompression, CPalette* pPal )

{

 

    BITMAP            bm;

    BITMAPINFOHEADER    bi;

    LPBITMAPINFOHEADER     lpbi;

    DWORD            dwLen;

    HANDLE            hDIB;

    HANDLE            handle;

    HDC             hDC;

    HPALETTE        hPal;

 

 

    ASSERT( bitmap->GetSafeHandle() );

 

    if( dwCompression == BI_BITFIELDS )

        return NULL;

 

    hPal = (HPALETTE) pPal->GetSafeHandle();

    if(hPal==NULL)

        hPal = (HPALETTE) GetStockObject(DEFAULT_PALETTE);

 

    bitmap->GetObject(sizeof(bm),(LPSTR)&bm);

 

    // 初始化位图头

    bi.biSize        = sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER);

    bi.biWidth        = bm.bmWidth;

    bi.biHeight         = bm.bmHeight;

    bi.biPlanes         = 1;

    bi.biBitCount        = bm.bmPlanes * bm.bmBitsPixel;

    bi.biCompression    = dwCompression;

    bi.biSizeImage        = 0;

    bi.biXPelsPerMeter    = 0;

    bi.biYPelsPerMeter    = 0;

    bi.biClrUsed         = 0;

    bi.biClrImportant     = 0;

 

    // 计算位图头和颜色表的大小

     int nColors = (1 << bi.biBitCount);

 

     if( nColors > 256 )

         nColors = 0;

     dwLen  = bi.biSize + nColors * sizeof(RGBQUAD);

    // 从设备得到位图

    hDC = GetDC(NULL);

    hPal = SelectPalette(hDC,hPal,FALSE);

    RealizePalette(hDC);

 

    //为位图头和颜色表分配足够的内存

    hDIB = GlobalAlloc(GMEM_FIXED,dwLen);

 

    if (!hDIB){

        SelectPalette(hDC,hPal,FALSE);

        ::ReleaseDC(NULL,hDC);

        return NULL;

    }

 

    lpbi = (LPBITMAPINFOHEADER)hDIB;

 

    *lpbi = bi;

    GetDIBits(hDC, (HBITMAP)bitmap->GetSafeHandle(), 0L, (DWORD)bi.biHeight,

            (LPBYTE)NULL, (LPBITMAPINFO)lpbi, (DWORD)DIB_RGB_COLORS);

    bi = *lpbi;

 

    if (bi.biSizeImage == 0){

        bi.biSizeImage = ((((bi.biWidth * bi.biBitCount) + 31) & ~31) / 8)

                        * bi.biHeight;

 

        if (dwCompression != BI_RGB)

            bi.biSizeImage = (bi.biSizeImage * 3) / 2;

    }

    //从新分配缓冲区以便于可以保存所有数据

    dwLen += bi.biSizeImage;

     if(handle = GlobalReAlloc(hDIB, dwLen, GMEM_MOVEABLE))

         hDIB = handle;

    else

    {

        GlobalFree(hDIB);

 

        // 从新选择调色板

        SelectPalette(hDC,hPal,FALSE);

        ::ReleaseDC(NULL,hDC);

        return NULL;

    }

 

    //得到DIB位数

    lpbi = (LPBITMAPINFOHEADER)hDIB;

     BOOL bGotBits;

     if(bi.biBitCount == 24)

     {

         bGotBits = bitmap->GetBitmapBits((DWORD)bi.biSizeImage,(LPBYTE)lpbi+bi.biSize);

     }

     else

     {

         //最终得到DIB

         bGotBits = GetDIBits( hDC,

                                   (HBITMAP)bitmap->GetSafeHandle(),

                                   0L,                      // 开始扫描线

                                   (DWORD)bi.biHeight,      // 扫描线符

                                   (LPBYTE)lpbi             // 位图比特地址

                                   + (bi.biSize + nColors * sizeof(RGBQUAD)),

                                   (LPBITMAPINFO)lpbi,      // 位图头地址

                                   (DWORD)DIB_RGB_COLORS);  // RGB颜色表

        

         if( !bGotBits )

         {

              GlobalFree(hDIB);

            

              SelectPalette(hDC,hPal,FALSE);

              ::ReleaseDC(NULL,hDC);

              return NULL;

         }

     }

    SelectPalette(hDC,hPal,FALSE);

    ::ReleaseDC(NULL,hDC);

    return hDIB;

}

详情请参考http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_ad81d431010158r3.html

已标记关键词 清除标记
©️2020 CSDN 皮肤主题: 大白 设计师:CSDN官方博客 返回首页