阿里天气数据接口调用实现(Java和JS)

Java实现方式

主要代码:

package com.wheather;

import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

import org.apache.http.HttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.util.EntityUtils;
/**
 * 根据经度和纬度获取天气
 * @author znph_张春玲
 *
 */
public class AliWheather {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String host = "https://ali-weather.showapi.com";
        String path = "/gps-to-weather";
        String method = "GET";
        // appcode是你自己申请得到的
        String appcode = "acacbfc4fac247384439033848332996b28490cd77c8be";
        Map<String, String> headers = new HashMap<String, String>();
        headers.put("Authorization", "APPCODE " + appcode);
        Map<String, String> querys = new HashMap<String, String>();
        // 获取几天的数据
        querys.put("from", "5");
        // 经纬度
        querys.put("lat", "40.242266");
        querys.put("lng", "116.2278");
        // 
        querys.put("need3HourForcast", "0");
        querys.put("needAlarm", "0");
        querys.put("needHourData", "0");
        querys.put("needIndex", "0");
        querys.put("needMoreDay", "0");

        try {
            /**
             * 重要提示如下: HttpUtils请从
             * https://github.com/aliyun/api-gateway-demo-sign-java/blob/master/src/main/java/com/aliyun/api/gateway/demo/util/HttpUtils.java
             * 下载
             *
             * 相应的依赖请参照
             * https://github.com/aliyun/api-gateway-demo-sign-java/blob/master/pom.xml
             */
            HttpResponse response = HttpUtils.doGet(host, path, method, headers, querys);
            System.out.println(response.toString());
            System.out.println("123456789");
            // 获取response的body
            System.out.println(EntityUtils.toString(response.getEntity()));
            System.out.println("end---");
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

}

调用的HttpUtils代码:

package com.wheather;
import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.net.URLEncoder;
import java.security.KeyManagementException;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;
import java.security.cert.X509Certificate;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

import javax.net.ssl.SSLContext;
import javax.net.ssl.TrustManager;
import javax.net.ssl.X509TrustManager;

import org.apache.commons.lang3.StringUtils;
import org.apache.http.HttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.NameValuePair;
import org.apache.http.client.HttpClient;
import org.apache.http.client.entity.UrlEncodedFormEntity;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpDelete;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpPost;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpPut;
import org.apache.http.entity.ByteArrayEntity;
import org.apache.http.entity.StringEntity;
import org.apache.http.message.BasicNameValuePair;

public class HttpUtils {

    /**
     * get
     * 
     * @param host
     * @param path
     * @param method
     * @param headers
     * @param querys
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static HttpResponse doGet(String host, String path, String method, 
            Map<String, String> headers, 
            Map<String, String> querys)
            throws Exception {      
        HttpClient httpClient = wrapClient(host);

        HttpGet request = new HttpGet(buildUrl(host, path, querys));
        for (Map.Entry<String, String> e : headers.entrySet()) {
            request.addHeader(e.getKey(), e.getValue());
        }

        return httpClient.execute(request);
    }

    /**
     * post form
     * 
     * @param host
     * @param path
     * @param method
     * @param headers
     * @param querys
     * @param bodys
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static HttpResponse doPost(String host, String path, String method, 
            Map<String, String> headers, 
            Map<String, String> querys, 
            Map<String, String> bodys)
            throws Exception {      
        HttpClient httpClient = wrapClient(host);

        HttpPost request = new HttpPost(buildUrl(host, path, querys));
        for (Map.Entry<String, String> e : headers.entrySet()) {
            request.addHeader(e.getKey(), e.getValue());
        }

        if (bodys != null) {
            List<NameValuePair> nameValuePairList = new ArrayList<NameValuePair>();

            for (String key : bodys.keySet()) {
                nameValuePairList.add(new BasicNameValuePair(key, bodys.get(key)));
            }
            UrlEncodedFormEntity formEntity = new UrlEncodedFormEntity(nameValuePairList, "utf-8");
            formEntity.setContentType("application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8");
            request.setEntity(formEntity);
        }

        return httpClient.execute(request);
    }   

    /**
     * Post String
     * 
     * @param host
     * @param path
     * @param method
     * @param headers
     * @param querys
     * @param body
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static HttpResponse doPost(String host, String path, String method, 
            Map<String, String> headers, 
            Map<String, String> querys, 
            String body)
            throws Exception {      
        HttpClient httpClient = wrapClient(host);

        HttpPost request = new HttpPost(buildUrl(host, path, querys));
        for (Map.Entry<String, String> e : headers.entrySet()) {
            request.addHeader(e.getKey(), e.getValue());
        }

        if (StringUtils.isNotBlank(body)) {
            request.setEntity(new StringEntity(body, "utf-8"));
        }

        return httpClient.execute(request);
    }

    /**
     * Post stream
     * 
     * @param host
     * @param path
     * @param method
     * @param headers
     * @param querys
     * @param body
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static HttpResponse doPost(String host, String path, String method, 
            Map<String, String> headers, 
            Map<String, String> querys, 
            byte[] body)
            throws Exception {      
        HttpClient httpClient = wrapClient(host);

        HttpPost request = new HttpPost(buildUrl(host, path, querys));
        for (Map.Entry<String, String> e : headers.entrySet()) {
            request.addHeader(e.getKey(), e.getValue());
        }

        if (body != null) {
            request.setEntity(new ByteArrayEntity(body));
        }

        return httpClient.execute(request);
    }

    /**
     * Put String
     * @param host
     * @param path
     * @param method
     * @param headers
     * @param querys
     * @param body
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static HttpResponse doPut(String host, String path, String method, 
            Map<String, String> headers, 
            Map<String, String> querys, 
            String body)
            throws Exception {      
        HttpClient httpClient = wrapClient(host);

        HttpPut request = new HttpPut(buildUrl(host, path, querys));
        for (Map.Entry<String, String> e : headers.entrySet()) {
            request.addHeader(e.getKey(), e.getValue());
        }

        if (StringUtils.isNotBlank(body)) {
            request.setEntity(new StringEntity(body, "utf-8"));
        }

        return httpClient.execute(request);
    }

    /**
     * Put stream
     * @param host
     * @param path
     * @param method
     * @param headers
     * @param querys
     * @param body
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static HttpResponse doPut(String host, String path, String method, 
            Map<String, String> headers, 
            Map<String, String> querys, 
            byte[] body)
            throws Exception {      
        HttpClient httpClient = wrapClient(host);

        HttpPut request = new HttpPut(buildUrl(host, path, querys));
        for (Map.Entry<String, String> e : headers.entrySet()) {
            request.addHeader(e.getKey(), e.getValue());
        }

        if (body != null) {
            request.setEntity(new ByteArrayEntity(body));
        }

        return httpClient.execute(request);
    }

    /**
     * Delete
     *  
     * @param host
     * @param path
     * @param method
     * @param headers
     * @param querys
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static HttpResponse doDelete(String host, String path, String method, 
            Map<String, String> headers, 
            Map<String, String> querys)
            throws Exception {      
        HttpClient httpClient = wrapClient(host);

        HttpDelete request = new HttpDelete(buildUrl(host, path, querys));
        for (Map.Entry<String, String> e : headers.entrySet()) {
            request.addHeader(e.getKey(), e.getValue());
        }

        return httpClient.execute(request);
    }

    private static String buildUrl(String host, String path, Map<String, String> querys) throws UnsupportedEncodingException {
        StringBuilder sbUrl = new StringBuilder();
        sbUrl.append(host);
        if (!StringUtils.isBlank(path)) {
            sbUrl.append(path);
        }
        if (null != querys) {
            StringBuilder sbQuery = new StringBuilder();
            for (Map.Entry<String, String> query : querys.entrySet()) {
                if (0 < sbQuery.length()) {
                    sbQuery.append("&");
                }
                if (StringUtils.isBlank(query.getKey()) && !StringUtils.isBlank(query.getValue())) {
                    sbQuery.append(query.getValue());
                }
                if (!StringUtils.isBlank(query.getKey())) {
                    sbQuery.append(query.getKey());
                    if (!StringUtils.isBlank(query.getValue())) {
                        sbQuery.append("=");
                        sbQuery.append(URLEncoder.encode(query.getValue(), "utf-8"));
                    }                   
                }
            }
            if (0 < sbQuery.length()) {
                sbUrl.append("?").append(sbQuery);
            }
        }

        return sbUrl.toString();
    }

    private static HttpClient wrapClient(String host) {
        HttpClient httpClient = new DefaultHttpClient();
        if (host.startsWith("https://")) {
            sslClient(httpClient);
        }

        return httpClient;
    }

    private static void sslClient(HttpClient httpClient) {
        try {
            SSLContext ctx = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");
            X509TrustManager tm = new X509TrustManager() {
                public X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() {
                    return null;
                }
                public void checkClientTrusted(X509Certificate[] xcs, String str) {

                }
                public void checkServerTrusted(X509Certificate[] xcs, String str) {

                }
            };
            ctx.init(null, new TrustManager[] { tm }, null);
            SSLSocketFactory ssf = new SSLSocketFactory(ctx);
            ssf.setHostnameVerifier(SSLSocketFactory.ALLOW_ALL_HOSTNAME_VERIFIER);
            ClientConnectionManager ccm = httpClient.getConnectionManager();
            SchemeRegistry registry = ccm.getSchemeRegistry();
            registry.register(new Scheme("https", 443, ssf));
        } catch (KeyManagementException ex) {
            throw new RuntimeException(ex);
        } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException ex) {
            throw new RuntimeException(ex);
        }
    }
}

二 JS实现方式

var storageKey = "weather";
var oldWeatherTimeKey = "oldTime";
var addressKey = "address";
// 根据经纬度从阿里获取天气数据
function getWeatherMsg(lon, lat) {
    var url = "https://ali-weather.showapi.com/gps-to-weather?from=5&lat=" + lat + "&lng=" + lon + "&need3HourForcast=0&needAlarm=0&needHourData=0&needIndex=0&needMoreDay=1";
    $.ajax({
        url : url,
        type : "get",
        beforeSend : function(req) {
            req.setRequestHeader("Authorization", "APPCODE acacbfc4fac24722996q34b284935353562340cd77c8be");
        },
        dataType : "json",
        success : function(data) {
            // 加入缓存
            localStorage.setItem(storageKey, JSON.stringify(data));
            localStorage.setItem(oldWeatherTimeKey, new Date().getTime());
            // 时间加入
            //storage.setItem(oldWeatherTimeKey, new Date());
            // 展示天气数据
            showWeatherMsg(data);
        },
        error : function(e) {
            alert("网络异常,请重试");
        }
    });
}
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