1020. Tree Traversals (25)

400 ms

65536 kB

16000 B

Standard

CHEN, Yue

Suppose that all the keys in a binary tree are distinct positive integers. Given the postorder and inorder traversal sequences, you are supposed to output the level order traversal sequence of the corresponding binary tree.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. For each case, the first line gives a positive integer N (<=30), the total number of nodes in the binary tree. The second line gives the postorder sequence and the third line gives the inorder sequence. All the numbers in a line are separated by a space.

Output Specification:

For each test case, print in one line the level order traversal sequence of the corresponding binary tree. All the numbers in a line must be separated by exactly one space, and there must be no extra space at the end of the line.

Sample Input:
7
2 3 1 5 7 6 4
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Sample Output:
4 1 6 3 5 7 2

思路就是递归，后续遍历根节点总是最后一个，然后在中序遍历中找到该值就可以判断左右数各有多少个，然后在递归，可以参考剑指Offer面试题：5.重建二叉树
import java.util.LinkedList;
import java.util.Queue;
import java.util.Scanner;

public class Main {

static class Node {
Node left, right;
int val;
public Node(int val) {
this.val = val;
}
}

static int[] postOrder, inOrder;

public static void main(String[] args) {
Scanner sc = new Scanner(System.in);

int N = sc.nextInt();
postOrder = new int[N];
inOrder   = new int[N];

for(int i=0; i<N; i++)
postOrder[i] = sc.nextInt();

for(int i=0; i<N; i++)
inOrder[i] = sc.nextInt();

Node root = reconstruct(0, N-1, 0, N-1);
levelOrder(root);
}

private static void levelOrder(Node root) {
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
while(!q.isEmpty()) {
Node p = q.remove();
sb.append(p.val + " ");
if(p.left != null)
if(p.right != null)
}
System.out.println(sb.toString().trim());
}

private static Node reconstruct(int ps, int pt, int is, int it) {

if(ps == pt)	return new Node(postOrder[ps]);

int root_val = postOrder[pt];
int root_position = 0;
for(int i=is; i<=it; i++)
if(inOrder[i] == root_val) {
root_position = i;
break;
}
Node root = new Node(root_val);
//		System.out.printf("%d %d %d %d\n", ps, ps+root_position-1-is, is, root_position-1);
//		System.out.printf("%d %d %d %d\n", ps+root_position-is, pt-1, root_position+1, it);
if(ps+root_position-is-1 >= ps)
root.left  = reconstruct(ps, ps+root_position-is-1, is, root_position-1);
if(pt-1 >= ps+root_position-is)
root.right = reconstruct(ps+root_position-is, pt-1, root_position+1, it);
return root;
}

}


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