Java中合并多个视频文件转换一个新的视频

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目录

一、概述

二.、FFmpeg

1. 实现思路

2. 工具类

三、isoparser Jar解析方式

1. 依赖Jar

2. 工具类


如果发现本文有错误的地方,请大家毫不吝啬,多多指教,欢迎大家评论,谢谢!

 

一、概述

这篇文章主要介绍了Java 合并多个视频文件的方法,如下通过两种实现方式,帮助大家利用Java处理视频,提高办公效率,感兴趣的朋友可以了解下。

二.、FFmpeg

局限性

  • 必须依赖ffmpeg工具

优点

  • 支持各种视频格式

1. 实现思路

1.首先要用到ffmpeg,可自行下载。本人用的是这个:https://pan.baidu.com/s/1_eauFOaO7rx9zSzGkEQ-3w  提取码:6sg3
2.先把视频转成 ts文件
3.再把ts文件合并

2. 工具类

@Slf4j
public class UnionVideoUtils {

    private static final String ffmpegPath = "E:\\ruanjian\\javatools\\ffmpeg\\ffmpeg\\bin\\ffmpeg.exe";
    private static final SimpleDateFormat sdf = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss");

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        Long start = System.currentTimeMillis();
        String newfilePath = "D:\\video\\mego1155.mp4";
        String outputDir = "D:\\video\\";
        List fromVideoFileList = new ArrayList();
        fromVideoFileList.add("D:\\video\\1.mp4");
        fromVideoFileList.add("D:\\video\\2.mp4");
        fromVideoFileList.add("D:\\video\\3.mp4");
        log.info(mergeVideo(fromVideoFileList, outputDir, newfilePath));
        log.info("mergeVideo execute time sec==>time:{}", System.currentTimeMillis() - start);

    }

    /**
     * ffmpeg合并多个视频文件
     *
     * @param list       需要合并的多视频url地址以List存放
     * @param outputDir  此处是ffmpeg 配置地址,可写死如“E:/ffmpeg/bin/ffmpeg.exe”
     * @param outputFile 合并后的视频存放地址,如:E:/mergevideo.mp4
     * @date: 2021/4/17 9:31
     * @return: void
     */
    public static String mergeVideo(List<String> list, String outputDir, String outputFile) {

        try {
            String format1 = "%s -i %s -c copy -bsf:v h264_mp4toannexb -f mpegts %s";
            List<String> commandList = new ArrayList<>(6);
            List<String> inputList = new ArrayList<>(6);
            for (int i = 0; i < list.size(); i++) {
                String input = String.format("input%d.ts", i + 1);
                String command = String.format(format1, ffmpegPath, list.get(i), outputDir + input);
                commandList.add(command);
                inputList.add(input);
            }
            String command = getCommand(outputDir,outputFile, inputList);
            commandList.add(command);
            Boolean falg = Boolean.FALSE;
            for (int i = 0; i < commandList.size(); i++) {
                if (execCommand(commandList.get(i)) > 0) falg = true;
            }
            if (falg) {
                for (int i = 0; i < inputList.size(); i++) {
                    if (i != commandList.size() - 1) {
                        File file = new File(outputDir + inputList.get(i));
                        file.delete();
                    }
                }
                return outputFile;
            } else {
                return "fail";
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            log.error("-----合并失败!!!!!!" + outputFile);
            return "fail";
        }

    }

    /**
     *  拼接执行新的videoUrl command命令
     * @param outputFile
     * @param newfilePath
     * @param inputList
     * @date: 2021/4/17 11:29
     * @return: java.lang.StringBuffer
     */
    private static String getCommand(String outputFile, String newfilePath,  List<String> inputList) {

        StringBuffer tsPath = new StringBuffer();
        tsPath.append(ffmpegPath);
        tsPath.append(" -i ");
        tsPath.append("\"");
        tsPath.append("concat:");
        for (int t = 0; t < inputList.size(); t++) {
            tsPath.append(outputFile);
            if (t != inputList.size() - 1) {
                tsPath.append(inputList.get(t) + "|");
            } else {
                tsPath.append(inputList.get(t));
            }
        }
        tsPath.append("\"");
        tsPath.append(" -c copy -bsf:a aac_adtstoasc -movflags +faststart ");
        tsPath.append(newfilePath);
        return tsPath.toString();
    }

    private static Integer execCommand(String command) {

        log.info("execCommand.exec command={}",command);
        try {
            Process process = Runtime.getRuntime().exec(command);
            //获取进程的标准输入流
            final InputStream is1 = process.getInputStream();
            //获取进城的错误流
            final InputStream is2 = process.getErrorStream();
            //启动两个线程,一个线程负责读标准输出流,另一个负责读标准错误流
            readInputStream(is1);
            readInputStream(is2);
            process.waitFor();
            process.destroy();
            log.info("-----操作成功" + command + " " + sdf.format(new Date()));
            return 1;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            System.out.println("-----操作失败" + command);
            return -1;
        }
    }

    private static void readInputStream(InputStream inputStream) {
        new Thread(() -> {
            BufferedReader br1 = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(inputStream));
            try {
                String line1;
                while ((line1 = br1.readLine()) != null) {
                    if (line1 != null) {
                    }
                }
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            } finally {
                try {
                    inputStream.close();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        }).start();
    }
}

三、isoparser Jar解析方式

局限性

  • 只支持MP4文件
  • 经过尝试对于一些MP4文件分割不了

优点

  • 不依赖ffmpeg工具,耦合度降低
  • 速度快

1. 依赖Jar

<!-- mp4文件操作jar -->
<!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/com.googlecode.mp4parser/isoparser -->
<dependency>
<groupId>com.googlecode.mp4parser</groupId>
<artifactId>isoparser</artifactId>
<version>1.1.22</version>
</dependency>

2. 工具类


import com.coremedia.iso.boxes.Container;
import com.googlecode.mp4parser.authoring.Movie;
import com.googlecode.mp4parser.authoring.Track;
import com.googlecode.mp4parser.authoring.builder.DefaultMp4Builder;
import com.googlecode.mp4parser.authoring.container.mp4.MovieCreator;
import com.googlecode.mp4parser.authoring.tracks.AppendTrack;
import com.googlecode.mp4parser.authoring.tracks.CroppedTrack;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.channels.FileChannel;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.LinkedList;
import java.util.List;

public class Mp4ParserUtils {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        List<String> videoList = new ArrayList<>(3);
        videoList.add("D:\\video\\1.mp4");
        videoList.add("D:\\video\\2.mp4");
        File mergeVideoFile = new File("D:\\video\\3.mp4");
        System.out.println(mergeVideo(videoList, mergeVideoFile));
    }
    /**
     * 合并视频
     *
     * @param videoList: 所有视频地址集合
     * @param mergeVideoFile: 目标文件
     * @return
     */
    public static String mergeVideo(List<String> videoList, File mergeVideoFile) {
        FileOutputStream fos = null;
        FileChannel fc = null;
        try {
            List<Movie> sourceMovies = new ArrayList<>();
            for (String video : videoList) {
                sourceMovies.add(MovieCreator.build(video));
            }

            List<Track> videoTracks = new LinkedList<>();
            List<Track> audioTracks = new LinkedList<>();

            for (Movie movie : sourceMovies) {
                for (Track track : movie.getTracks()) {
                    if ("soun".equals(track.getHandler())) {
                        audioTracks.add(track);
                    }

                    if ("vide".equals(track.getHandler())) {
                        videoTracks.add(track);
                    }
                }
            }

            Movie mergeMovie = new Movie();
            if (audioTracks.size() > 0) {
                mergeMovie.addTrack(new AppendTrack(audioTracks.toArray(new Track[audioTracks.size()])));
            }

            if (videoTracks.size() > 0) {
                mergeMovie.addTrack(new AppendTrack(videoTracks.toArray(new Track[videoTracks.size()])));
            }

            Container out = new DefaultMp4Builder().build(mergeMovie);
            fos = new FileOutputStream(mergeVideoFile);
            fc = fos.getChannel();
            out.writeContainer(fc);
            fc.close();
            fos.close();
            return mergeVideoFile.getAbsolutePath();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            if (fc != null) {
                try {
                    fc.close();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }

            if (fos != null) {
                try {
                    fos.close();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        }

        return null;
    }

    /**
     * 剪切视频
     * @param srcVideoPath
     * @param dstVideoPath
     * @param times
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public static void cutVideo(String srcVideoPath, String dstVideoPath, double[] times) throws IOException {
        int dstVideoNumber = times.length / 2;
        String[] dstVideoPathes = new String[dstVideoNumber];
        for (int i = 0; i < dstVideoNumber; i++) {
            dstVideoPathes[i] = dstVideoPath + "cutOutput-" + i + ".mp4";
        }
        int timesCount = 0;

        for (int idst = 0; idst < dstVideoPathes.length; idst++) {
            //Movie movie = new MovieCreator().build(new RandomAccessFile("/home/sannies/suckerpunch-distantplanet_h1080p/suckerpunch-distantplanet_h1080p.mov", "r").getChannel());
            Movie movie = MovieCreator.build(srcVideoPath);

            List<Track> tracks = movie.getTracks();
            movie.setTracks(new LinkedList<Track>());
            // remove all tracks we will create new tracks from the old


            double startTime1 = times[timesCount];
            double endTime1 = times[timesCount + 1];
            timesCount = timesCount + 2;

            boolean timeCorrected = false;

            // Here we try to find a track that has sync samples. Since we can only start decoding
            // at such a sample we SHOULD make sure that the start of the new fragment is exactly
            // such a frame
            for (Track track : tracks) {
                if (track.getSyncSamples() != null && track.getSyncSamples().length > 0) {
                    if (timeCorrected) {
                        // This exception here could be a false positive in case we have multiple tracks
                        // with sync samples at exactly the same positions. E.g. a single movie containing
                        // multiple qualities of the same video (Microsoft Smooth Streaming file)

                        throw new RuntimeException("The startTime has already been corrected by another track with SyncSample. Not Supported.");
                    }
                    startTime1 = correctTimeToSyncSample(track, startTime1, false);
                    endTime1 = correctTimeToSyncSample(track, endTime1, true);

                    timeCorrected = true;
                }
            }

            for (Track track : tracks) {
                long currentSample = 0;
                double currentTime = 0;
                double lastTime = -1;
                long startSample1 = -1;
                long endSample1 = -1;


                for (int i = 0; i < track.getSampleDurations().length; i++) {
                    long delta = track.getSampleDurations()[i];


                    if (currentTime > lastTime && currentTime <= startTime1) {
                        // current sample is still before the new starttime
                        startSample1 = currentSample;
                    }
                    if (currentTime > lastTime && currentTime <= endTime1) {
                        // current sample is after the new start time and still before the new endtime
                        endSample1 = currentSample;
                    }

                    lastTime = currentTime;
                    currentTime += (double) delta / (double) track.getTrackMetaData().getTimescale();
                    currentSample++;
                }
                //movie.addTrack(new AppendTrack(new ClippedTrack(track, startSample1, endSample1), new ClippedTrack(track, startSample2, endSample2)));
                movie.addTrack(new CroppedTrack(track, startSample1, endSample1));
            }
            long start1 = System.currentTimeMillis();
            Container out = new DefaultMp4Builder().build(movie);
            long start2 = System.currentTimeMillis();
            FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream(String.format(dstVideoPathes[idst]));
            FileChannel fc = fos.getChannel();
            out.writeContainer(fc);

            fc.close();
            fos.close();
            long start3 = System.currentTimeMillis();

        }
    }

    private static double correctTimeToSyncSample(Track track, double cutHere, boolean next) {
        double[] timeOfSyncSamples = new double[track.getSyncSamples().length];
        long currentSample = 0;
        double currentTime = 0;
        for (int i = 0; i < track.getSampleDurations().length; i++) {
            long delta = track.getSampleDurations()[i];

            if (Arrays.binarySearch(track.getSyncSamples(), currentSample + 1) >= 0) {
                // samples always start with 1 but we start with zero therefore +1
                timeOfSyncSamples[Arrays.binarySearch(track.getSyncSamples(), currentSample + 1)] = currentTime;
            }
            currentTime += (double) delta / (double) track.getTrackMetaData().getTimescale();
            currentSample++;

        }
        double previous = 0;
        for (double timeOfSyncSample : timeOfSyncSamples) {
            if (timeOfSyncSample > cutHere) {
                if (next) {
                    return timeOfSyncSample;
                } else {
                    return previous;
                }
            }
            previous = timeOfSyncSample;
        }
        return timeOfSyncSamples[timeOfSyncSamples.length - 1];
    }

}

 

参考链接

1. java利用ffmpeg合并多个视频文件


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