poj2553The Bottom of a Graph【scc+缩点】

Language:
The Bottom of a Graph
 Time Limit: 3000MS Memory Limit: 65536K Total Submissions: 9679 Accepted: 4025

Description

We will use the following (standard) definitions from graph theory. Let V be a nonempty and finite set, its elements being called vertices (or nodes). Let E be a subset of the Cartesian product V×V, its elements being called edges. Then G=(V,E) is called a directed graph.
Let n be a positive integer, and let p=(e1,...,en) be a sequence of length n of edges ei∈E such that ei=(vi,vi+1) for a sequence of vertices (v1,...,vn+1). Then p is called a path from vertex v1 to vertex vn+1 in G and we say that vn+1 is reachable from v1, writing (v1→vn+1)
Here are some new definitions. A node v in a graph G=(V,E) is called a sink, if for every node w in G that is reachable from vv is also reachable from w. The bottom of a graph is the subset of all nodes that are sinks, i.e., bottom(G)={v∈V|∀w∈V:(v→w)⇒(w→v)}. You have to calculate the bottom of certain graphs.

Input

The input contains several test cases, each of which corresponds to a directed graph G. Each test case starts with an integer number v, denoting the number of vertices of G=(V,E), where the vertices will be identified by the integer numbers in the set V={1,...,v}. You may assume that 1<=v<=5000. That is followed by a non-negative integer e and, thereafter, e pairs of vertex identifiers v1,w1,...,ve,we with the meaning that (vi,wi)∈E. There are no edges other than specified by these pairs. The last test case is followed by a zero.

Output

For each test case output the bottom of the specified graph on a single line. To this end, print the numbers of all nodes that are sinks in sorted order separated by a single space character. If the bottom is empty, print an empty line.

Sample Input

3 3
1 3 2 3 3 1
2 1
1 2
0


Sample Output

1 3
2


Source

#include<cstdio>
#include<cstdlib>
#include<cstring>
#include<algorithm>
#include<cmath>
#include<stack>
#include<vector>
#include<set>
#define inf 0x3f3f3f3f
using namespace std;
const int maxn=1001010;
int dfs_clock,scc_cnt;
bool instack[maxn];
int low[maxn],dfn[maxn];
int sccno[maxn];
int in[maxn];
int out[maxn];
stack<int>S;
vector<int>scc[maxn];
vector<int>G[maxn];
set<int>s;
struct Node{
int from,to,next;
}A[maxn];
int MIN(int a,int b){
return a<b?a:b;
}
void init(){
dfs_clock=scc_cnt=0;
memset(low,0,sizeof(low));
memset(dfn,0,sizeof(dfn));
memset(sccno,0,sizeof(sccno));
memset(in,0,sizeof(in));
memset(out,0,sizeof(out));
memset(instack,false,sizeof(instack));
}
void tarjan(int u,int pre){
int v;
dfn[u]=low[u]=++dfs_clock;
S.push(u);instack[u]=true;
v=A[k].to;
if(!dfn[v]){
tarjan(v,u);
low[u]=MIN(low[u],low[v]);
}
else if(instack[v]){
low[u]=MIN(low[u],dfn[v]);
}
}
if(low[u]==dfn[u]){
scc_cnt++;scc[scc_cnt].clear();
G[scc_cnt].clear();
while(1){
v=S.top();S.pop();
instack[v]=false;
sccno[v]=scc_cnt;
scc[scc_cnt].push_back(v);
if(u==v)break;
}
}
}
void suodian(int m){
for(int i=0;i<m;++i){
int u=sccno[A[i].from];
int v=sccno[A[i].to];
if(u!=v){
G[u].push_back(v);
in[v]++;out[u]++;
}
}
}
int main()
{
int i,j,k,n,m;
while(scanf("%d",&n),n){
init();scanf("%d",&m);
for(i=0;i<m;++i){
scanf("%d%d",&A[i].from,&A[i].to);
}
for(i=1;i<=n;++i){
if(!dfn[i])tarjan(i,-1);
}
suodian(m);
int flag=0;scc[scc_cnt+1].clear();
for(i=1;i<=scc_cnt;++i){
if(out[i]==0){
for(j=0;j<scc[i].size();++j){
scc[scc_cnt+1].push_back(scc[i][j]);
}
}
}
sort(scc[scc_cnt+1].begin(),scc[scc_cnt+1].end());
for(i=0;i<scc[scc_cnt+1].size();++i){
if(i==0)
printf("%d",scc[scc_cnt+1][i]);
else
printf(" %d",scc[scc_cnt+1][i]);
}
printf("\n");

}
return 0;
}

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