串口实时接收控制LED灯

  • static uint8_t    s_uart1_rxch; 获得的第1个字节数据保存在s_uart1_rxch
  • char                g_uart1_rxbuf[256]; 将s_uart1_rxch获取到的每个字节保存在g_uart1_rxbuf中
  • uint8_t            g_uart1_bytes;

就像一个总容量为500ml的杯子(g_uart1_rxbuf[256]),里面实际装了200ml的水(g_uart1_bytes)

串口中断接收回调函数void HAL_UART_RxCpltCallback(UART_HandleTypeDef *huart),每次发生中断,就调用这个函数,把接收到1字节数据s_uart1_rxch存储到g_uart1_rxbuf中,并将g_uart1_bytes自加。

串口中断接收处理:在usart.c中,添加串口中断处理函数及接收buffer

/* USER CODE BEGIN 0 */
static uint8_t  s_uart1_rxch;
char            g_uart1_rxbuf[256];  /*g_是global全局变量*/
uint8_t         g_uart1_bytes;
/* USER CODE END 0 */

void MX_USART1_UART_Init(void)
{
  /* USER CODE BEGIN USART1_Init 2 */

    HAL_UART_Receive_IT(&huart1,&s_uart1_rxch,1);//开启接收中断使能

  /* USER CODE END USART1_Init 2 */
}


/* USER CODE BEGIN 1 */
/*printf()函数的定义,printf()函数是的重定向实现,下面代码兼容gcc和Keil*/
#ifdef __GNUC__
#define PUTCHAR_PROTOTYPE int __io_putchar(int ch)
#else
#define PUTCHAR_PROTOTYPE int fputc(int ch,FILE *f)
#endif/*__GNUC__*/

PUTCHAR_PROTOTYPE
{
	HAL_UART_Transmit(&huart1,(uint8_t*)&ch,1,0xFFFF);
	return ch;
}


/*串口中断接收的回调函数
void HAL_UART_RxCpltCallback(UART_HandleTypeDef *huart)
{
	if(huart->Instance == USART1)
	{

		if(g_uart1_bytes<sizeof(g_uart1_rxbuf))
		{
			g_uart1_rxbuf[g_uart1_bytes++] = s_uart1_rxch;
		}
		HAL_UART_Receive_IT(&huart1,&s_uart1_rxch,1);//使能下一次中断接�???
	}
}
/* USER CODE END 1 */

 在usart.h中

/* USER CODE BEGIN Includes */
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>//main.c中要用到snprintf
/* USER CODE END Includes */

/* USER CODE BEGIN Private defines */

extern char      g_uart1_rxbuf[256];//g是global全局变量
extern uint8_t   g_uart1_bytes;

#define clear_uart1_rxbuf() do {memset(g_uart1_rxbuf,0,sizeof(g_uart1_rxbuf));\
	                            g_uart1_bytes=0;}while(0)

/* USER CODE END Private defines */

 在gpio.c中

/* USER CODE BEGIN 2 */

gpio_t     leds[LedMax]=
{
		{"BlueLed", GPIOB , GPIO_PIN_2},
		{"RedLed",  GPIOC,  GPIO_PIN_9},
		{"GreenLed",GPIOC , GPIO_PIN_6},
};

/*which代表选择哪一个灯,int类型的,每个灯都有一个数字代替,去enum去看;ststus控制灯的亮灭,对应参数是OFF �???? ON*/
void turn_led(int which, int status)
{
	GPIO_PinState       level;
	if( which<0 || which>=LedMax)
	{
		return ;
	}
	level = (status == OFF) ? GPIO_PIN_SET : GPIO_PIN_RESET;//SET输入高电平就关灯OFF,RESET输入�????个低电平就开灯ON

	HAL_GPIO_WritePin(leds[which].group, leds[which].pin, level);
}

void blink_led(int which, uint32_t interval)
{
	if(which>=LedMax || interval<=0)
	{
		return ;
	}
	turn_led(which,ON);
	HAL_Delay(interval);

	turn_led(which,OFF);
	HAL_Delay(interval);
}

void HAL_GPIO_EXTI_Callback(uint16_t GPIO_Pin)
{
	if(Key1_Pin==GPIO_Pin)
	{
		blink_led(BlueLed,500);
	}
	else if(Key2_Pin==GPIO_Pin)
	{
		blink_led(RedLed,500);
	}
	else if(Key3_Pin==GPIO_Pin)
	{
		blink_led(GreenLed,500);
	}
}

 在gpio.h中

/* USER CODE BEGIN Prototypes */
enum
{
	BlueLed,
	RedLed,
	GreenLed,
	LedMax,
};

#define OFF 0
#define ON 1

typedef struct gpio_s
{
	const char          *name;
	GPIO_TypeDef		*group;
	uint16_t			pin;
}gpio_t;

extern gpio_t   leds[LedMax];

extern void turn_led(int which, int status);
extern void blink_led(int which, uint32_t interval);

/* USER CODE END Prototypes */

在main.c中,添加串口接收数据JSON解析代码,并控制LED灯

/* Private includes ----------------------------------------------------------*/
/* USER CODE BEGIN Includes */
#include "ds18b20.h"
#include "core_json.h"
#include <string.h>
/* USER CODE END Includes */

/* Private user code ---------------------------------------------------------*/
/* USER CODE BEGIN 0 */
static int report_tempRH2_json(void);
static int parser_led_json(char *json_string,int bytes);//解析led的json
static void proc_uart1_recv(void);//串口1接收
/* USER CODE END 0 */

int main(void)
{
while (1)
  {
    proc_uart1_recv();//调用这个函数从buf[]中做数据解析
  }
}

/* USER CODE BEGIN 4 */
int parser_led_json(char *json_string,int bytes)
{
	JSONStatus_t  result;
	char          save;
	char          *value;
	size_t        valen;
	int           i;

	printf("DBUG:Start parsar JSON string:%s\r\n",json_string);

	result=JSON_Validate(json_string,bytes);/*JSON_Validate()函数用于判断value的�?�是否是有效的JSON数据*/

	if(JSONPartial==result)
	{
		printf("WARN:JSON document is valid so far but incomplete!\r\n");
		return 0;
	}
	if(JSONSuccess!=result)
	{
		printf("ERROR:JSON document is valid JSON!\r\n");
		return -1;
	}
	for(i=0;i<LedMax;i++)
	{
		/*通过JSON_Search()函数去解析json数据并且去寻找匹配�?�匹配是根据leds[LedMax]循环匹配查找�????*/
		result=JSON_Search(json_string,bytes, leds[i].name,strlen(leds[i].name),&value,&valen);

		if(JSONSuccess==result)
		{

			save = value[valen];
			value[valen]="\0";

			if(!strncasecmp(value,"on",2))
			{
				printf("DBUG:turn %s ON \r\n",leds[i].name);
				turn_led(i,ON);

			}
			else if(!strncasecmp(value,"off",3))
			{
				printf("DBUG:turn %s OFF \r\n",leds[i].name);
				turn_led(i,OFF);
			}
			value[valen]=save;
		}
	}
	return 1;
}

void proc_uart1_recv(void)//串口1接收
{
	if(g_uart1_bytes>0)
	{
		HAL_Delay(200);
		if(0!=parser_led_json(g_uart1_rxbuf,g_uart1_bytes))//解析buf的数�?????
		{
			clear_uart1_rxbuf();//解析完成后buf清零
		}
	}

}
/* USER CODE END 4 */

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