bzoj 1653: [Usaco2006 Feb]Backward Digit Sums(全排列)

1653: [Usaco2006 Feb]Backward Digit Sums

Time Limit: 5 Sec   Memory Limit: 64 MB
Submit: 502   Solved: 348
[ Submit][ Status][ Discuss]

Description

FJ and his cows enjoy playing a mental game. They write down the numbers from 1 to N (1 <= N <= 10) in a certain order and then sum adjacent numbers to produce a new list with one fewer number. They repeat this until only a single number is left. For example, one instance of the game (when N=4) might go like this: 3 1 2 4 4 3 6 7 9 16 Behind FJ's back, the cows have started playing a more difficult game, in which they try to determine the starting sequence from only the final total and the number N. Unfortunately, the game is a bit above FJ's mental arithmetic capabilities. Write a program to help FJ play the game and keep up with the cows.

Input

* Line 1: Two space-separated integers: N and the final sum.

Output

* Line 1: An ordering of the integers 1..N that leads to the given sum. If there are multiple solutions, choose the one that is lexicographically least, i.e., that puts smaller numbers first.

Sample Input

4 16

Sample Output

3 1 2 4


题意:有n个数,这n个数一定是1到n的全排列,进行n-1操作,每次都将a[i] += a[i+1],并把最后一个数丢掉,最后下来一定只剩一个数,如果这个数是m那么说明原先的n个数是个好序列。给出n和m,求出字典序最小的好序列


暴力全排列,然后暴力检测最后的值是否为m

可以用C++自带的next_permutation()函数

功能:如果存在下一个排列,就返回1并自动调整排列方式,如果不存在下一个排列,返回0

#include<stdio.h>
#include<algorithm>
using namespace std;
int main(void)
{
	int n, m, i, j, a[15], b[15];
	scanf("%d%d", &n, &m);
	for(i=1;i<=n;i++)
		a[i] = i;
	do
	{
		for(i=1;i<=n;i++)
			b[i] = a[i];
		for(i=1;i<=n-1;i++)
		{
			for(j=1;j<=n-i;j++)
				b[j] += b[j+1];
		}
		if(b[1]==m)
		{
			printf("%d", a[1]);
			for(i=2;i<=n;i++)
				printf(" %d", a[i]);
			printf("\n");
			break;
		}
	}while(next_permutation(a+1, a+n+1));
	return 0;
}

相关推荐
©️2020 CSDN 皮肤主题: 编程工作室 设计师:CSDN官方博客 返回首页