互联网的公共秘密—— WGS-84-GCJ-02-BD-09

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本文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/LolitaGIS/article/details/81486881
# RGVkaWNhdGVkIHRvIEppYW8gSGFvc29uZy4gSSBsb3ZlIHUh

### WGS-84 => GCJ-02 ###
# Krasovsky 1940 ellipsoid parameters
# semi-major axis
a <- 6378245.0
# inverse flattening: 1/f = 298.3
# flattening
f <- 0.00335233
# semi-minor axis
b <- a * (1 - f)
ee <- (a^2 - b^2) / a^2

#' Convert coordinates
#'
#' converts lat/lon coordintes from WGS-84 to GCJ-02
#' 
#' @param wgsLat a numeric latitude in WGS-84
#' @param wgsLon a numeric longitude in WGS-84
#' @return a data.frame with variables lat/lng
#' @author Jun Cai (\email{cai-j12@@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn}), PhD candidate from 
#' Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University
#' @details All real WGS-84 latitude/longitude coordites must be encrypted by 
#' National Admistration of Surveying, Mapping and Geoinformation 
#' (\url{http://en.sbsm.gov.cn/}) into GCJ-02 (known as 'Mars coordinate system') 
#' with a deviation no more than 700 meters in China. The decryption algorithm is 
#' a public secrect on the Internet and verfied to be correct.
#' @seealso \code{\link{gcj2wgs}}, \code{\link{conv}}.
#' 
#' \url{https://on4wp7.codeplex.com/SourceControl/changeset/view/21483#353936} 
#' for C version source code.
#' @export
#' @examples
#' \dontrun{
#' # latitude/longitude coordinates of Beijing railway station
#' # WGS-84: (39.90105, 116.42079)
#' # GCJ-02: (39.90245, 116.42703)
#' wgs2gcj(39.90105, 116.42079) # correct
#' # convert multiple coordinates
#' wgs2gcj(c(39.99837, 39.98565), c(116.3203, 116.2998))
#' }

wgs2gcj <- function(wgsLat, wgsLon){
  # vectorize
  if (length(wgsLat) > 1) {
    return(ldply(seq_along(wgsLat), function(i){ wgs2gcj(wgsLat[i], wgsLon[i]) }))
  }
  
  if (outofChina(wgsLat, wgsLon)) {
    gcjLat <- wgsLat
    gcjLon <- wgsLat
    return(data.frame(lat = gcjLat, lng = gcjLon))
  }
  
  dLat <- transformLat(wgsLon - 105.0, wgsLat - 35.0)
  dLon <- transformLon(wgsLon - 105.0, wgsLat - 35.0)
  radLat <- wgsLat / 180.0 * pi
  magic <- sin(radLat)
  magic <- 1 - ee * magic * magic
  sqrtMagic <- sqrt(magic)
  dLat <- (dLat * 180.0) / ((a * (1 - ee)) / (magic * sqrtMagic) * pi)
  dLon <- (dLon * 180.0) / (a / sqrtMagic * cos(radLat) * pi)
  gcjLat <- wgsLat + dLat
  gcjLon <- wgsLon + dLon
  return(data.frame(lat = gcjLat, lng = gcjLon))
}

outofChina <- function(lat, lon){
  if (lon < 72.004 | lon > 137.8347) return(TRUE)
  if (lat < 0.8293 | lat > 55.8271) return(TRUE)
  return(FALSE)
}

transformLat <- function(x, y){
  ret <- -100.0 + 2.0 * x + 3.0 * y + 0.2 * y * y + 0.1 * x * y + 0.2 * sqrt(abs(x))
  ret <- ret + (20.0 * sin(6.0 * x * pi) + 20.0 * sin(2.0 * x * pi)) * 2.0 / 3.0
  ret <- ret + (20.0 * sin(y * pi) + 40.0 * sin(y / 3.0 * pi)) * 2.0 / 3.0
  ret <- ret + (160.0 * sin(y / 12.0 * pi) + 320.0 * sin(y * pi / 30.0)) * 2.0 / 3.0
  return(ret)
}

transformLon <- function(x, y){
  ret <- 300.0 + x + 2.0 * y + 0.1 * x * x +  0.1 * x * y + 0.1 * sqrt(abs(x))
  ret <- ret + (20.0 * sin(6.0 * x * pi) + 20.0 * sin(2.0 * x * pi)) * 2.0 / 3.0
  ret <- ret + (20.0 * sin(x * pi) + 40.0 * sin(x / 3.0 * pi)) * 2.0 / 3.0
  ret <- ret + (150.0 * sin(x / 12.0 * pi) + 300.0 * sin(x * pi / 30.0)) * 2.0 / 3.0
  return(ret)
}
### WGS-84 => GCJ-02 ###

### GCJ-02 => WGS-84 ###
#' Convert coordinates
#'
#' converts lat/lon coordintes from GCJ-02 to WGS-84
#' 
#' @param gcjLat a numeric latitude in GCJ-02
#' @param gcjLon a numeric longitude in GCJ-02
#' @return a data.frame with variables lat/lng
#' @author Jun Cai (\email{cai-j12@@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn}), PhD candidate from 
#' Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University
#' @details since the encryption function from WGS-84 to GCJ-02 doesn't have 
#' inverse function, the inverse transformation can only be achieved by numeric 
#' algorithm. Coordinates encryption algorithm must ensure the relative position 
#' correct; that is to say, if point A is close to point B in GCJ-02 system, this 
#' relative spatial relationship persists in WGS-84 system. Therefore, when two 
#' points are close, we can approximate to the right coordinates with the iteration 
#' algorithm.
#' @seealso \code{\link{wgs2gcj}}, \code{\link{conv}}.
#' 
#' the comments of blog \url{http://blog.csdn.net/coolypf/article/details/8686588} 
#' in Chinese
#' @export
#' @examples
#' \dontrun{
#' # latitude/longitude coordinates of Beijing railway station
#' # WGS-84: (39.90105, 116.42079)
#' # GCJ-02: (39.90245, 116.42703)
#' gcj2wgs(39.90245, 116.42703) # correct verifying by google earth
#' # convert multiple coordinates
#' gcj2wgs(c(39.99967, 39.98691), c(116.3264, 116.3059))
#' }

# wgs => gcj
# offset dV = V' - V
# question: gcj => wgs, namely V = V' - dV'
# V' is known, while dV' is unknown.
# since dV is very close to dV', using dV to estimate dV'; however, to calculate
# dV, V must be known. since V and V' are very close to each other, initially 
# using V' to approximate V.
gcj2wgs <- function(gcjLat, gcjLon){
  # vectorize
  if (length(gcjLat) > 1) {
    return(ldply(seq_along(gcjLat), function(i){ gcj2wgs(gcjLat[i], gcjLon[i]) }))
  }
  
  g0 <- c(gcjLat, gcjLon)
  w0 <- g0
  g1 <- wgs2gcj(w0[1], w0[2])
  w1 <- w0 - (g1 - g0)
  while (max(abs(w1 - w0)) >= 1e-6) {
    w0 <- w1
    g1 <- wgs2gcj(w0[1], w0[2])
    w1 <- w0 - (g1 - g0)
  }
  return(data.frame(lat = w1[1], lng = w1[2]))
}
### GCJ-02 => WGS-84 ###

### GCJ-02 => BD-09 ###
#' Convert coordinates
#'
#' converts lat/lon coordintes from GCJ-02 to BD-09
#' 
#' @param gcjLat a numeric latitude in GCJ-02
#' @param gcjLon a numeric longitude in GCJ-02
#' @return a data.frame with variables lat/lng
#' @author Jun Cai (\email{cai-j12@@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn}), PhD candidate from 
#' Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University
#' @details BD-09 coordinate system is used by Baidu Maps and further encrypted based on 
#' GCJ-02 coordinates.
#' @seealso \code{\link{bd2gcj}}, \code{\link{conv}}.
#' 
#' \url{http://blog.csdn.net/coolypf/article/details/8569813} for C version 
#' source code.
#' @export
#' @examples
#' \dontrun{
#' # latitude/longitude coordinates of Beijing railway station
#' # GCJ-02: (39.90245, 116.42703)
#' # BD-09:  (39.90851, 116.43351)
#' gcj2bd(39.90245, 116.42703) # correct
#' # convert multiple coordinates
#' gcj2bd(c(39.99967, 39.98691), c(116.3264, 116.3059))
#' }

gcj2bd <- function(gcjLat, gcjLon){
  z <- sqrt(gcjLon^2 + gcjLat^2) + 0.00002 * sin(gcjLat * pi * 3000.0 / 180.0)
  theta <- atan2(gcjLat, gcjLon) + 0.000003 * cos(gcjLon * pi * 3000.0 / 180.0)
  bdLon = z * cos(theta) + 0.0065
  bdLat = z * sin(theta) + 0.006
  return(data.frame(lat = bdLat, lng = bdLon))
}
### GCJ-02 => BD-09 ###

### BD-09 => GCJ-02 ###
#' Convert coordinates
#'
#' converts lat/lon coordintes from BD-09 to GCJ-02
#' 
#' @param bdLat a numeric latitude in BD-09
#' @param bdLon a numeric longitude in BD-09
#' @return a data.frame with variables lat/lng
#' @author Jun Cai (\email{cai-j12@@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn}), PhD candidate from 
#' Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University
#' @details BD-09 coordinate system is used by Baidu Maps and further encrypted based on 
#' GCJ-02 coordinates.
#' @seealso \code{\link{gcj2bd}}, \code{\link{conv}}.
#' 
#' \url{http://blog.csdn.net/coolypf/article/details/8569813} for C version 
#' source code.
#' @export
#' @examples
#' \dontrun{
#' # latitude/longitude coordinates of Beijing railway station
#' # GCJ-02: (39.90245, 116.42703)
#' # BD-09:  (39.90851, 116.43351)
#' bd2gcj(39.90851, 116.43351) # correct
#' # convert multiple coordinates
#' bd2gcj(c(40.00541, 39.99299), c(116.3330, 116.3124))
#' }

bd2gcj <- function(bdLat, bdLon){
  x <- bdLon - 0.0065
  y <- bdLat - 0.006  
  z <- sqrt(x^2 + y^2) - 0.00002 * sin(y * pi * 3000.0 / 180.0)
  theta <- atan2(y, x) - 0.000003 * cos(x * pi * 3000.0 / 180.0)  
  gcjLon <- z * cos(theta)  
  gcjLat <- z * sin(theta)
  return(data.frame(lat = gcjLat, lng = gcjLon))
}
### BD-09 => GCJ-02 ###

### BD-09 => GCJ-02 ###
# iteration algorithm same to gcj2wgs function
# bd2gcj <- function(bdLat, bdLon){
#   b0 <- c(bdLat, bdLon)
#   g0 <- b0
#   b1 <- gcj2bd(g0[1], g0[2])
#   g1 <- g0 - (b1 - b0)
#   while(max(abs(g1 - g0)) >= 1e-6){
#     g0 <- g1
#     b1 <- gcj2bd(g0[1], g0[2])
#     g1 <- g0 - (b1 - b0)
#   }
#   return(data.frame(lat = g1[1], lng = g[2]))
# }
### BD-09 => GCJ-02 ###

### WGS-84 <=> BD-09 ###
#' Convert coordinates
#'
#' converts lat/lon coordintes from WGS-84 to BD-09
#' 
#' @param wgsLat a numeric latitude in WGS-84
#' @param wgsLon a numeric longitude in WGS-84
#' @return a data.frame with variables lat/lng
#' @author Jun Cai (\email{cai-j12@@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn}), PhD candidate from 
#' Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University
#' @details convert WGS-84 coordinates first into GCJ-02, then into BD-09.
#' @seealso \code{\link{wgs2gcj}}, \code{\link{gcj2bd}}, \code{\link{conv}}.
#' @export
#' @examples
#' \dontrun{
#' # latitude/longitude coordinates of Beijing railway station
#' # WGS-84: (39.90105, 116.42079)
#' # BD-09:  (39.90851, 116.43351)
#' wgs2bd(39.90105, 116.42079) # correct
#' # convert multiple coordinates
#' wgs2bd(c(39.99837, 39.98565), c(116.3203, 116.2998))
#' }

wgs2bd <- function(wgsLat, wgsLon){
  return(gcj2bd(wgs2gcj(wgsLat, wgsLon)[, 'lat'], wgs2gcj(wgsLat, wgsLon)[, 'lng']))
}

#' Convert coordinates
#'
#' converts lat/lon coordintes from BD-09 to WGS-84
#' 
#' @param bdLat a numeric latitude in BD-09
#' @param bdLon a numeric longitude in BD-09
#' @return a data.frame with variables lat/lng
#' @author Jun Cai (\email{cai-j12@@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn}), PhD candidate from 
#' Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University
#' @details convert BD-09 coordinates first into GCJ-02, then into WGS-84.
#' @seealso \code{\link{bd2gcj}}, \code{\link{gcj2wgs}}, \code{\link{conv}}.
#' @export
#' @examples
#' \dontrun{
#' # latitude/longitude coordinates of Beijing railway station
#' # WGS-84: (39.90105, 116.42079)
#' # BD-09:  (39.90851, 116.43351)
#' bd2wgs(39.90851, 116.43351) # correct verifying by google earth
#' # convert multiple coordinates
#' bd2wgs(c(40.00541, 39.99299), c(116.3330, 116.3124))
#' }

bd2wgs <- function(bdLat, bdLon){
  return(gcj2wgs(bd2gcj(bdLat, bdLon)[, 'lat'], bd2gcj(bdLat, bdLon)[, 'lng']))
}
### WGS-84 <=> BD-09 ###

 

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