IntentService详解

IntentService

Service 的一个子类,该类会创建一个线程来处理所有的 start 请求,一次处 理一个。如果你不需要你的 service 同时处理多个请求,这个类是你的最佳 选择。你只需实现 onHandleIntent() 方法即可,该方法会收到每次 start 请求的 intent,你可以针对每个请求做处理。

IntentService实现的代码也很简单,在IntentService内部定义了一个内部类ServiceHandler,顾名思义是继承Handler的,

 private final class ServiceHandler extends Handler {
        public ServiceHandler(Looper looper) {
            super(looper);
        }

        @Override
        public void handleMessage(Message msg) {
            onHandleIntent((Intent)msg.obj);
            stopSelf(msg.arg1);
        }
    }

在onStart()中每次都会把activity传过来的intent发送给handler处理。

 private volatile ServiceHandler mServiceHandler;
@Override
    public void onStart(Intent intent, int startId) {
        Message msg = mServiceHandler.obtainMessage();
        msg.arg1 = startId;
        msg.obj = intent;
        mServiceHandler.sendMessage(msg);
    }

最后的处理在onHandleIntent(Intent intent)中,这个方法在IntentService里是一个抽象方法,由子类实现。

 /**
     * This method is invoked on the worker thread with a request to process.
     * Only one Intent is processed at a time, but the processing happens on a
     * worker thread that runs independently from other application logic.
     * So, if this code takes a long time, it will hold up other requests to
     * the same IntentService, but it will not hold up anything else.
     * When all requests have been handled, the IntentService stops itself,
     * so you should not call {@link #stopSelf}.
     *
     * @param intent The value passed to {@link
     *               android.content.Context#startService(Intent)}.
     */
    @WorkerThread
    protected abstract void onHandleIntent(Intent intent);

这里有个workerThread,我理解的是所有的activity传过来的intent处理都是在一个工作线程处理的,就是子线程的意思,并不在主线程。

因为在IntentService中重写了onCreate(),在里面申请了一个工作线程给了handler

    @Override
    public void onCreate() {
        // TODO: It would be nice to have an option to hold a partial wakelock
        // during processing, and to have a static startService(Context, Intent)
        // method that would launch the service & hand off a wakelock.

        super.onCreate();
        HandlerThread thread = new HandlerThread("IntentService[" + mName + "]");
        thread.start();

        mServiceLooper = thread.getLooper();
        mServiceHandler = new ServiceHandler(mServiceLooper);
    }

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