hive 正则表达式详解

项目github地址:bitcarmanlee easy-algorithm-interview-and-practice
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hive中的正则表达式还是很强大的。数据工作者平时也离不开正则表达式。对此,特意做了个hive正则表达式的小结。所有代码都经过亲测,正常运行。

1.regexp

语法: A REGEXP B
操作类型: strings
描述: 功能与RLIKE相同

select count(*) from olap_b_dw_hotelorder_f where create_date_wid not regexp '\\d{8}'

与下面查询的效果是等效的:

select count(*) from olap_b_dw_hotelorder_f where create_date_wid not rlike '\\d{8}';

2.regexp_extract

语法: regexp_extract(string subject, string pattern, int index)
返回值: string
说明:将字符串subject按照pattern正则表达式的规则拆分,返回index指定的字符。

hive> select regexp_extract('IloveYou','I(.*?)(You)',1) from test1 limit 1;
Total jobs = 1
...
Total MapReduce CPU Time Spent: 7 seconds 340 msec
OK
love
Time taken: 28.067 seconds, Fetched: 1 row(s)
hive> select regexp_extract('IloveYou','I(.*?)(You)',2) from test1 limit 1;
Total jobs = 1
...
OK
You
Time taken: 26.067 seconds, Fetched: 1 row(s)
hive> select regexp_extract('IloveYou','(I)(.*?)(You)',1) from test1 limit 1;
Total jobs = 1
...
OK
I
Time taken: 26.057 seconds, Fetched: 1 row(s)
hive> select regexp_extract('IloveYou','(I)(.*?)(You)',0) from test1 limit 1;
Total jobs = 1
...
OK
IloveYou
Time taken: 28.06 seconds, Fetched: 1 row(s)
hive> select regexp_replace("IloveYou","You","") from test1 limit 1;
Total jobs = 1
...
OK
Ilove
Time taken: 26.063 seconds, Fetched: 1 row(s)

3.regexp_replace

语法: regexp_replace(string A, string B, string C)
返回值: string
说明:将字符串A中的符合java正则表达式B的部分替换为C。注意,在有些情况下要使用转义字符,类似oracle中的regexp_replace函数。

hive> select regexp_replace("IloveYou","You","") from test1 limit 1;
Total jobs = 1
...
OK
Ilove
Time taken: 26.063 seconds, Fetched: 1 row(s)
hive> select regexp_replace("IloveYou","You","lili") from test1 limit 1;
Total jobs = 1
...
OK
Ilovelili

参考链接:

  1. https://www.iteblog.com/archives/1639.html hive字符串处理函数,比较全
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