# 一个随机生成数独的程序

//mySIZE是数独棋盘的边长，棋盘是mySIZE*mySIZE的大小
int mySIZE = 9;

void print(const vector<vector<int>> &num)
{
for (int i = 0; i < mySIZE; i++)
{
for (int j = 0; j < mySIZE; j++)
{
cout << num[i][j] << " ";
}
cout << endl;
}
}

bool IsRightPlace(vector<vector<int>> &num, int row, int col)
{
int n = num[row][col];
//注意i < row
for (int i = 0; i < row; i++)
{
if (num[i][col] == n)
return false;
}
//注意i < col
for (int i = 0; i < col; i++)
{
if (num[row][i] == n)
return false;
}
int row_start = row / 3;
row_start *= 3;
int row_end = row_start + 2;
int col_start = col / 3;
col_start *= 3;
int col_end = col_start + 2;
int i = row_start, j = col_start;
//注意 k <= 8
for (int k = 1; k <= 8; k++)
{
if (row != i || col != j)
{
if (num[i][j] == n)
return false;
}
else
break;
if (j == col_end)
{
//注意j = col_start ！不要搞错换行时列的起始点！
j = col_start;
i = i + 1;
}
else
{
j = j + 1;
}
}
return true;
}

bool generate_core(vector<vector<int>> &num, int row, int col)
{

vector<int> number;
for (int i = 1; i <= 9; i++)
number.emplace_back(i);
while (!number.empty())
{
int randindex = rand() % number.size();
int randnum = number[randindex];
number.erase(number.begin() + randindex);
num[row][col] = randnum;
if (IsRightPlace(num, row, col) == false)
continue;
if (row == mySIZE - 1 && col == mySIZE-1)
{
return true;
}
int nextrow, nextcol;
if (col == mySIZE-1)
{
nextrow=row + 1;
nextcol = 0;
}
else
{
nextrow = row;
nextcol = col + 1;
}
bool next = generate_core(num, nextrow, nextcol);
if (next)
return true;
}
if (number.empty())
{
num[row][col] = -5;
return false;
}
}

void generate()
{
vector<vector<int>> num(mySIZE, vector<int>(mySIZE, -1));
srand((unsigned)time(NULL));
if( generate_core(num, 0, 0) )
print(num);
}

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