1096. Consecutive Factors (20)

400 ms

65536 kB

16000 B

Standard

CHEN, Yue

Among all the factors of a positive integer N, there may exist several consecutive numbers. For example, 630 can be factored as 3*5*6*7, where 5, 6, and 7 are the three consecutive numbers. Now given any positive N, you are supposed to find the maximum number of consecutive factors, and list the smallest sequence of the consecutive factors.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case, which gives the integer N (1<N<231).

Output Specification:

For each test case, print in the first line the maximum number of consecutive factors. Then in the second line, print the smallest sequence of the consecutive factors in the format "factor[1]*factor[2]*...*factor[k]", where the factors are listed in increasing order, and 1 is NOT included.

Sample Input:
630

Sample Output:
3
5*6*7


code：

#include <iostream>
#include <cstdio>
#include <cstring>
#include <cmath>
using namespace std;
int main(){
int n;
scanf("%d",&n);
int m = sqrt(n);
int first = n;//第一个符合最长序列的开头为n
int maxlen = 0;//初始化最长长度为0
for(int i = 2; i <= m; i++){//从2～sqrt(n)枚举）
int temp = n;
int start = i;
while(temp % start == 0){//如果整除
temp /= start;//除以满足的因数
start++;//自增，序列长度增加
}
if(start - i > maxlen){//超越原有的最长长度，更新
maxlen = start - i;
first = i;
}
}
if(maxlen == 0){
printf("1\n");
printf("%d\n",n);
}
else{
printf("%d\n",maxlen);
printf("%d",first);
for(int i = 1; i < maxlen; i++){
printf("*%d",first+i);
}
printf("\n");
}
return 0;
}