Druid使用说明

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/cuisongliu/article/details/49277051

数据库连接池有很多比如c3p0,dbcp等。今天我们说下druid连接池。

druid连接池文档被维护在github


  1. web.xml

    <filter>
          <filter-name>DruidWebStatFilter</filter-name>
          <filter-class>com.alibaba.druid.support.http.WebStatFilter</filter-class>
          <init-param>
           <param-name>exclusions</param-name>
           <param-value>*.js,*.gif,*.jpg,*.png,*.css,*.ico,/druid/*</param-value>
          </init-param>
    </filter>
    <filter-mapping>
         <filter-name>DruidWebStatFilter</filter-name>
         <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping> 
    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>DruidStatView</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>com.alibaba.druid.support.http.StatViewServlet</servlet-class>   
    </servlet>    
    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>DruidStatView</servlet-name>
        <url-pattern>/druid/*</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>
  2. ds.properties

    driverClassName = oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver
    url = jdbc:oracle:thin:@127.0.0.1:1521:ORCL
    username = ******
    password = ******
    
    initialSize = 5
    maxActive = 10
    minIdle = 3
    maxWait = 60000
    removeAbandoned = true
    removeAbandonedTimeout = 180
    timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis = 60000
    minEvictableIdleTimeMillis = 300000
    validationQuery = SELECT 1 FROM DUAL
    testWhileIdle = true 
    testOnBorrow = false
    testOnReturn = false
    poolPreparedStatements = true
    maxPoolPreparedStatementPerConnectionSize = 50
    filters = stat
  3. spring.xml

    <bean id="druidDataSource" class="com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource"
            init-method="init" destroy-method="close">
            <!-- 数据库基本信息配置 -->
            <property name="driverClassName" value="${oracle.driver}" />
            <property name="url" value="${oracle.url}" />
            <property name="username" value="${oracle.username}" />
            <property name="password" value="${oracle.password}" />        
            <!-- 初始化连接数量 -->
            <property name="initialSize" value="${druid.initialSize}" />
            <!-- 最大并发连接数 -->
            <property name="maxActive" value="${druid.maxActive}" />
            <!-- 最大空闲连接数 -->
            <property name="maxIdle" value="${druid.maxIdle}" />
            <!-- 最小空闲连接数 -->
            <property name="minIdle" value="${druid.minIdle}" />
            <!-- 配置获取连接等待超时的时间 -->     
            <property name="maxWait" value="${druid.maxWait}" />
            <!-- 超过时间限制是否回收 -->
            <property name="removeAbandoned" value="${druid.removeAbandoned}" />
            <!-- 超过时间限制多长; -->
            <property name="removeAbandonedTimeout" value="${druid.removeAbandonedTimeout}" />
            <!-- 配置间隔多久才进行一次检测,检测需要关闭的空闲连接,单位是毫秒 -->
            <property name="timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis" value="${druid.timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis}" />
            <!-- 配置一个连接在池中最小生存的时间,单位是毫秒 -->
            <property name="minEvictableIdleTimeMillis" value="${druid.minEvictableIdleTimeMillis}" />
            <!-- 用来检测连接是否有效的sql,要求是一个查询语句-->
            <property name="validationQuery" value="${druid.validationQuery}" />
            <!-- 申请连接的时候检测 -->
            <property name="testWhileIdle" value="${druid.testWhileIdle}" />
            <!-- 申请连接时执行validationQuery检测连接是否有效,配置为true会降低性能 -->
            <property name="testOnBorrow" value="${druid.testOnBorrow}" />
            <!-- 归还连接时执行validationQuery检测连接是否有效,配置为true会降低性能  -->
            <property name="testOnReturn" value="${druid.testOnReturn}" />
            <!-- 打开PSCache,并且指定每个连接上PSCache的大小 -->
            <property name="poolPreparedStatements" value="${druid.poolPreparedStatements}" />     
            <property name="maxPoolPreparedStatementPerConnectionSize" value="${druid.maxPoolPreparedStatementPerConnectionSize}" />
            <!--属性类型是字符串,通过别名的方式配置扩展插件,常用的插件有:                 
                    监控统计用的filter:stat
                    日志用的filter:log4j
                   防御SQL注入的filter:wall -->
            <property name="filters" value="${druid.filters}" />       
        </bean>
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