# 用Python实现用核支持向量机求解非线性问题

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
from sklearn.svm import SVC
from matplotlib.colors import ListedColormap

np.random.seed(1)
X_xor = np.random.randn(200, 2)
y_xor = np.logical_xor(X_xor[:, 0] > 0,
X_xor[:, 1] > 0)
y_xor = np.where(y_xor, 1, -1)

plt.scatter(X_xor[y_xor == 1, 0],
X_xor[y_xor == 1, 1],
c='b', marker='x',
label='1')
plt.scatter(X_xor[y_xor == -1, 0],
X_xor[y_xor == -1, 1],
c='r',
marker='s',
label='-1')

plt.xlim([-3, 3])
plt.ylim([-3, 3])
plt.legend(loc='best')
plt.tight_layout()
#plt.savefig('images/03_12.png', dpi=300)
plt.show()

def plot_decision_regions(X, y, classifier, test_idx=None, resolution=0.02):

# setup marker generator and color map
markers = ('s', 'x', 'o', '^', 'v')
colors = ('red', 'blue', 'lightgreen', 'gray', 'cyan')
cmap = ListedColormap(colors[:len(np.unique(y))])

# plot the decision surface
x1_min, x1_max = X[:, 0].min() - 1, X[:, 0].max() + 1
x2_min, x2_max = X[:, 1].min() - 1, X[:, 1].max() + 1
xx1, xx2 = np.meshgrid(np.arange(x1_min, x1_max, resolution),
np.arange(x2_min, x2_max, resolution))
Z = classifier.predict(np.array([xx1.ravel(), xx2.ravel()]).T)
Z = Z.reshape(xx1.shape)
plt.contourf(xx1, xx2, Z, alpha=0.3, cmap=cmap)
plt.xlim(xx1.min(), xx1.max())
plt.ylim(xx2.min(), xx2.max())

for idx, cl in enumerate(np.unique(y)):
plt.scatter(x=X[y == cl, 0],
y=X[y == cl, 1],
alpha=0.8,
c=colors[idx],
marker=markers[idx],
label=cl,
edgecolor='black')

# highlight test samples
if test_idx:
# plot all samples
X_test, y_test = X[test_idx, :], y[test_idx]

plt.scatter(X_test[:, 0],
X_test[:, 1],
c='y',
edgecolor='black',
alpha=1.0,
linewidth=1,
marker='o',
s=100,
label='test set')

svm = SVC(kernel='rbf', random_state=1, gamma=0.10, C=10.0)
svm.fit(X_xor, y_xor)
plot_decision_regions(X_xor, y_xor,
classifier=svm)

plt.legend(loc='upper left')
plt.tight_layout()
#plt.savefig('images/03_14.png', dpi=300)
plt.show()