Python+OpenCV学习(7)---模板匹配

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利用python学习OpenCV,个人感觉比较方便。函数的形式与C++基本相同,所以切换过来还是比较好的,对于像我这种对python不太熟练的人,使用python的集成开发环境PyCharm进行学习,可以设置断点调试,有助于我这类初学者理解掌握。

下面是利用python语言结合OpenCV的模板匹配代码:

# -*- coding:utf-8 -*-
__author__ = 'Microcosm'

import cv2
import numpy as np
from matplotlib import pyplot as plt

img = cv2.imread("lena.jpg",0)
img2 = img.copy()
template = cv2.imread("eye.png",0)
w,h = template.shape[::-1]

# 6 中匹配效果对比算法
methods = ['cv2.TM_CCOEFF', 'cv2.TM_CCOEFF_NORMED', 'cv2.TM_CCORR',
           'cv2.TM_CCORR_NORMED', 'cv2.TM_SQDIFF', 'cv2.TM_SQDIFF_NORMED']

for meth in methods:
    img = img2.copy()

    method = eval(meth)

    res = cv2.matchTemplate(img,template,method)
    min_val, max_val, min_loc, max_loc = cv2.minMaxLoc(res)

    if method in [cv2.TM_SQDIFF, cv2.TM_SQDIFF_NORMED]:
        top_left = min_loc
    else:
        top_left = max_loc
    bottom_right = (top_left[0] + w, top_left[1] + h)

    cv2.rectangle(img,top_left, bottom_right, 255, 2)

    print meth
    plt.subplot(221), plt.imshow(img2,cmap= "gray")
    plt.title('Original Image'), plt.xticks([]),plt.yticks([])
    plt.subplot(222), plt.imshow(template,cmap= "gray")
    plt.title('template Image'),plt.xticks([]),plt.yticks([])
    plt.subplot(223), plt.imshow(res,cmap= "gray")
    plt.title('Matching Result'), plt.xticks([]),plt.yticks([])
    plt.subplot(224), plt.imshow(img,cmap= "gray")
    plt.title('Detected Point'),plt.xticks([]),plt.yticks([])
    plt.show()


各种对比方法的结果图如下所示:

1 cv2.TM_CCOEFF


2 cv2.TM_CCOEFF_NORMED


3 cv2.TM_CCORR


4 cv2.TM_CCORR_NORMED


5 cv2.TM_SQDIFF


6 cv2.TM_SQDIFF_NORMED


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