ECC内存校验算法实现

/****************ECC memory check ***********************/
static const u_char nand_ecc_precalc_table[] =
{
	0x00, 0x55, 0x56, 0x03, 0x59, 0x0c, 0x0f, 0x5a, 0x5a, 0x0f, 0x0c, 0x59, 0x03, 0x56, 0x55, 0x00,
	0x65, 0x30, 0x33, 0x66, 0x3c, 0x69, 0x6a, 0x3f, 0x3f, 0x6a, 0x69, 0x3c, 0x66, 0x33, 0x30, 0x65,
	0x66, 0x33, 0x30, 0x65, 0x3f, 0x6a, 0x69, 0x3c, 0x3c, 0x69, 0x6a, 0x3f, 0x65, 0x30, 0x33, 0x66,
	0x03, 0x56, 0x55, 0x00, 0x5a, 0x0f, 0x0c, 0x59, 0x59, 0x0c, 0x0f, 0x5a, 0x00, 0x55, 0x56, 0x03,
	0x69, 0x3c, 0x3f, 0x6a, 0x30, 0x65, 0x66, 0x33, 0x33, 0x66, 0x65, 0x30, 0x6a, 0x3f, 0x3c, 0x69,
	0x0c, 0x59, 0x5a, 0x0f, 0x55, 0x00, 0x03, 0x56, 0x56, 0x03, 0x00, 0x55, 0x0f, 0x5a, 0x59, 0x0c,
	0x0f, 0x5a, 0x59, 0x0c, 0x56, 0x03, 0x00, 0x55, 0x55, 0x00, 0x03, 0x56, 0x0c, 0x59, 0x5a, 0x0f,
	0x6a, 0x3f, 0x3c, 0x69, 0x33, 0x66, 0x65, 0x30, 0x30, 0x65, 0x66, 0x33, 0x69, 0x3c, 0x3f, 0x6a,
	0x6a, 0x3f, 0x3c, 0x69, 0x33, 0x66, 0x65, 0x30, 0x30, 0x65, 0x66, 0x33, 0x69, 0x3c, 0x3f, 0x6a,
	0x0f, 0x5a, 0x59, 0x0c, 0x56, 0x03, 0x00, 0x55, 0x55, 0x00, 0x03, 0x56, 0x0c, 0x59, 0x5a, 0x0f,
	0x0c, 0x59, 0x5a, 0x0f, 0x55, 0x00, 0x03, 0x56, 0x56, 0x03, 0x00, 0x55, 0x0f, 0x5a, 0x59, 0x0c,
	0x69, 0x3c, 0x3f, 0x6a, 0x30, 0x65, 0x66, 0x33, 0x33, 0x66, 0x65, 0x30, 0x6a, 0x3f, 0x3c, 0x69,
	0x03, 0x56, 0x55, 0x00, 0x5a, 0x0f, 0x0c, 0x59, 0x59, 0x0c, 0x0f, 0x5a, 0x00, 0x55, 0x56, 0x03,
	0x66, 0x33, 0x30, 0x65, 0x3f, 0x6a, 0x69, 0x3c, 0x3c, 0x69, 0x6a, 0x3f, 0x65, 0x30, 0x33, 0x66,
	0x65, 0x30, 0x33, 0x66, 0x3c, 0x69, 0x6a, 0x3f, 0x3f, 0x6a, 0x69, 0x3c, 0x66, 0x33, 0x30, 0x65,
	0x00, 0x55, 0x56, 0x03, 0x59, 0x0c, 0x0f, 0x5a, 0x5a, 0x0f, 0x0c, 0x59, 0x03, 0x56, 0x55, 0x00
};

  // Creates non-inverted ECC code from line parity
static void nand_trans_result(u_char reg2, u_char reg3,u_char *ecc_code)
{
	u_char a, b, i, tmp1, tmp2;

	/* Initialize variables */
	a = b = 0x80;
	tmp1 = tmp2 = 0;

	/* Calculate first ECC byte */
	for (i = 0; i < 4; i++)
	{
		if (reg3 & a)    /* LP15,13,11,9 --> ecc_code[0] */
			tmp1 |= b;
			b >>= 1;
			if (reg2 & a)    /* LP14,12,10,8 --> ecc_code[0] */
				tmp1 |= b;
			b >>= 1;
			a >>= 1;
	}

	/* Calculate second ECC byte */
	b = 0x80;
	for (i = 0; i < 4; i++)
	{
		if (reg3 & a)    /* LP7,5,3,1 --> ecc_code[1] */
			tmp2 |= b;
			b >>= 1;
			if (reg2 & a)    /* LP6,4,2,0 --> ecc_code[1] */
				tmp2 |= b;
			b >>= 1;
			a >>= 1;
	}

	/* Store two of the ECC bytes */
	ecc_code[0] = tmp1;
	ecc_code[1] = tmp2;
}

  // Calculate 3 byte ECC code for 256 byte block
void nand_calculate_ecc (const u_char *dat, u_char *ecc_code)
{
	u_char idx, reg1, reg2, reg3;
	int j;

	/* Initialize variables */
	reg1 = reg2 = reg3 = 0;
	ecc_code[0] = ecc_code[1] = ecc_code[2] = 0;

	/* Build up column parity */
	for(j = 0; j < 256; j++)
	{

    /* Get CP0 - CP5 from table */
		idx = nand_ecc_precalc_table[dat[j]];
		reg1 ^= (idx & 0x3f);

		/* All bit XOR = 1 ? */
		if (idx & 0x40) 
		{
			reg3 ^= (u_char) j;
			reg2 ^= ~((u_char) j);
		}
	}

	/* Create non-inverted ECC code from line parity */
	nand_trans_result(reg2, reg3, ecc_code);

	/* Calculate final ECC code */
	ecc_code[0] = ~ecc_code[0];
	ecc_code[1] = ~ecc_code[1];
	ecc_code[2] = ((~reg1) << 2) | 0x03;
}

// Detect and correct a 1 bit error for 256 byte block
int nand_correct_data (u_char *dat, u_char *read_ecc, u_char *calc_ecc)
{
	u_char a, b, c, d1, d2, d3, add, bit, i;

	/* Do error detection */
	d1 = calc_ecc[0] ^ read_ecc[0];
	d2 = calc_ecc[1] ^ read_ecc[1];
	d3 = calc_ecc[2] ^ read_ecc[2];

	if ((d1 | d2 | d3) == 0)
	{
		/* No errors */
		return 0;
	}
	else
	{
		a = (d1 ^ (d1 >> 1)) & 0x55;
		b = (d2 ^ (d2 >> 1)) & 0x55;
		c = (d3 ^ (d3 >> 1)) & 0x54;

		/* Found and will correct single bit error in the data */
		if ((a == 0x55) && (b == 0x55) && (c == 0x54))
		{
			c = 0x80;
			add = 0;
			a = 0x80;
			for (i=0; i<4; i++)
			{
				if (d1 & c)
					add |= a;
				c >>= 2;
				a >>= 1;
			}
			c = 0x80;
			for (i=0; i<4; i++)
			{
				if (d2 & c)
					add |= a;
				c >>= 2;
				a >>= 1;
			}
			bit = 0;
			b = 0x04;
			c = 0x80;
			for (i=0; i<3; i++)
			{
				if (d3 & c)
          		bit |= b;
				c >>= 2;
				b >>= 1;
			}
			b = 0x01;
			a = dat[add];
			a ^= (b << bit);
			dat[add] = a;
			return 1;
 		}
		else
		{
			i = 0;
			while (d1)
			{
				if (d1 & 0x01)
					++i;
				d1 >>= 1;
			}
			while (d2)
			{
				if (d2 & 0x01)
					++i;
				d2 >>= 1;
			}
			while (d3)
			{
 				if (d3 & 0x01)
						++i;
          d3 >>= 1;
        }
				if (i == 1)
				{
					/* ECC Code Error Correction */
					read_ecc[0] = calc_ecc[0];
					read_ecc[1] = calc_ecc[1];
					read_ecc[2] = calc_ecc[2];
					return 2;
				}
				else
				{
					/* Uncorrectable Error */
					return -1;
				}
			}
		}

	/* Should never happen */
	return -1;
} 

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