布尔代数(基本概念,运算规则,符号/数字代表的含义)

布尔代数(基本概念,运算规则,符号/数字代表的含义)

基本概念:
•集合B至少包含两个元素:
•零(表示为0),以及单位(表示为1);
•至少有三种操作:
•互补,表示为’
•总和,表示为+,例如x+y;
•产品,表示为⋅,例如x⋅y;
•这些操作必须符合法律规定
布尔代数运算规则:
Commutativity: (1) x + y = y + x (2) x ⋅ y = y ⋅ x;
Associativity:
(1) (x + y) + z = x + (y + z) (2) (x ⋅ y) ⋅ z = x ⋅ (y ⋅ z);
Distributivity:
(1) x + (y ⋅ z) = (x + y) ⋅ (x + z)(2) x ⋅ (y + z) = (x ⋅ y) + (x ⋅ z);
Identity: (1) x + 0 = x (2) x ⋅ 1 = x;
Complement: (1) x + x’ = 1 (2) x ⋅ x’ = 0.
符号/数字代表的含义
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Domination Laws
 x + 1 = 1, and x ⋅ 0 = 0;
Absorption Laws
 x + x ⋅ y = x, and x ⋅(x + y) = x;
Calculating equality
If x + y = x + z, and x ⋅ y = x ⋅ z, then y = z;
Uniqueness of complement
If x + y = 1, and x ⋅ y = 0, then y = x’;
以上的规则要换成对应的符号

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