更新处理函数在对话框的菜单中不能工作

症状

从命令用户界面处理函数(Command UI handler)改变菜单状态(启用/禁用,选择/取消选择,更改文字)在由对话框处理时没有正常工作。

void CTestDlg::OnUpdateFileExit(CCmdUI* pCmdUI
{
    pCmdUI->Enable(FALSE); //没有显示为禁用.
    pCmdUI->SetCheck(TRUE); // 没有文字前显示选定标记.
    pCmdUI->SetRadio(TRUE); // 没有在文字前显示点.
    pCmdUI->SetText("Close"); //没有更改菜单文字.
} 


原因

在下拉菜单显示的时候, WM_INITMENUPOPUP消息被先发送以显示菜单项。MFC CFrameWnd::OnInitMenuPopup 函数遍历菜单项并为每个菜单项调用更新命令处理函数(如果有的话).菜单的外观被更新以反映它的状态(启用/禁用,选择/取消选择)
更新用户界面机制在基于对话框的应用程序中不能工作,因为CDialog没有OnInitMenuPopup 处理函数,而使用CWnd's 默认处理函数,该函数没有为菜单项调用更新命令处理函数。


解决

适用下列步骤解决此问题 

  1. 在消息映射中添加ON_WM_INITMENUPOPUP 项:
BEGIN_MESSAGE_MAP(CTestDlg, CDialog)
 //{{AFX_MSG_MAP(CTestDlg)
                        ........................
                        ........................
 //}}AFX_MSG_MAP

 ON_WM_INITMENUPOPUP()
END_MESSAGE_MAP() 



 


  1. 在你的对话框类中添加OnInitMenuPopup成员函数且复制下列代码到该函数(注意:代码基本上是从CFrameWnd::OnInitMenuPopup(在WinFrm.cpp中)复制过来的):
void CTestDlg::OnInitMenuPopup(CMenu *pPopupMenu, UINT nIndex,BOOL bSysMenu)
{
    ASSERT(pPopupMenu != NULL);
    // Check the enabled state of various menu items.

    CCmdUI state;
    state.m_pMenu = pPopupMenu;
    ASSERT(state.m_pOther == NULL);
    ASSERT(state.m_pParentMenu == NULL);

    // Determine if menu is popup in top-level menu and set m_pOther to
    // it if so (m_pParentMenu == NULL indicates that it is secondary popup).
    HMENU hParentMenu;
    if (AfxGetThreadState()->m_hTrackingMenu == pPopupMenu->m_hMenu)
        state.m_pParentMenu = pPopupMenu;    // Parent == child for tracking popup.
    else if ((hParentMenu = ::GetMenu(m_hWnd)) != NULL)
    {
        CWnd* pParent = this;
           // Child windows don't have menus--need to go to the top!
        if (pParent != NULL &&
           (hParentMenu = ::GetMenu(pParent->m_hWnd)) != NULL)
        {
           int nIndexMax = ::GetMenuItemCount(hParentMenu);
           for (int nIndex = 0; nIndex < nIndexMax; nIndex++)
           {
            if (::GetSubMenu(hParentMenu, nIndex) == pPopupMenu->m_hMenu)
            {
                // When popup is found, m_pParentMenu is containing menu.
                state.m_pParentMenu = CMenu::FromHandle(hParentMenu);
                break;
            }
           }
        }
    }

    state.m_nIndexMax = pPopupMenu->GetMenuItemCount();
    for (state.m_nIndex = 0; state.m_nIndex < state.m_nIndexMax;
      state.m_nIndex++)
    {
        state.m_nID = pPopupMenu->GetMenuItemID(state.m_nIndex);
        if (state.m_nID == 0)
           continue; // Menu separator or invalid cmd - ignore it.

        ASSERT(state.m_pOther == NULL);
        ASSERT(state.m_pMenu != NULL);
        if (state.m_nID == (UINT)-1)
        {
           // Possibly a popup menu, route to first item of that popup.
           state.m_pSubMenu = pPopupMenu->GetSubMenu(state.m_nIndex);
           if (state.m_pSubMenu == NULL ||
            (state.m_nID = state.m_pSubMenu->GetMenuItemID(0)) == 0 ||
            state.m_nID == (UINT)-1)
           {
            continue;       // First item of popup can't be routed to.
           }
           state.DoUpdate(this, TRUE);   // Popups are never auto disabled.
        }
        else
        {
           // Normal menu item.
           // Auto enable/disable if frame window has m_bAutoMenuEnable
           // set and command is _not_ a system command.
           state.m_pSubMenu = NULL;
           state.DoUpdate(this, FALSE);
        }

        // Adjust for menu deletions and additions.
        UINT nCount = pPopupMenu->GetMenuItemCount();
        if (nCount < state.m_nIndexMax)
        {
           state.m_nIndex -= (state.m_nIndexMax - nCount);
           while (state.m_nIndex < nCount &&
            pPopupMenu->GetMenuItemID(state.m_nIndex) == state.m_nID)
           {
            state.m_nIndex++;
           }
        }
        state.m_nIndexMax = nCount;
    }
} 


 

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