IAR因版本不兼容打不开工程文件解决(Broken options、ICC8051、XLINK)

摘要:

    本文给出IAR因版本不兼容打不开IAR工作区遇到的各种问题及解决方法,包括依据提示修改版本,删除未知名称(ewp文件)。若还没解决,则创建新工作区、工程,并拷贝相关文件,我想这是一种通用化的解决方法(很诡异)。

 

PS:本文以IAR工程项目ContikiCC2530Port为例,IAR for MCS-51版本是7.51A。本文记录了整个调试过程,实际场景,不妨先跳到第三部分,看行不行,不行的话,再按第二部分修改。

 

一、IAR错误提示

    昨天,在GitHub下载了一个IAR工程项目ContikiCC2530Port,打开*.eww文件出现一系列错误,如下:

1.1 Broken options were detected in the project file.A backup copy will be made.

【转载】IAR因版本不兼容打不开工程文件解决(Broken <wbr>options、ICC8051、XLINK)

图1 IAR警告Broken options

1.2 The project file * was created by a newer version of project and cannot be opened

【转载】IAR因版本不兼容打不开工程文件解决(Broken <wbr>options、ICC8051、XLINK)

图2 IAR警告created by a newer version

1.3 The project * could not be open

【转载】IAR因版本不兼容打不开工程文件解决(Broken <wbr>options、ICC8051、XLINK)

图3 IAR警告could not be open

Build区域显示如下信息:

LOAD: Configuration 'ContikiBankedRelease' in the project 'ContikiCC253xProj' contains broken options for tool 'General': The format of this file is not supported by this version of the workbench. 

It appears to have been written by a newer version of the workbench. Diagnostics: 'Settings 'General': unsupported version - '. 

Options for 'General' will be set to default. Creating backup of original project file. 

LOAD: Configuration 'ContikiBankedRelease' in the project 'ContikiCC253xProj' contains broken options for tool 'ICC8051': (Registry: unknown name: CompilerMisraRules04) 

Options for 'ICC8051' will be set to default. 

LOAD: Configuration 'ContikiBankedRelease' in the project 'ContikiCC253xProj' contains broken options for tool 'XLINK': The format of this file is not supported by this version of the workbench. It appears to have been written by a newer version of the workbench. 

 Diagnostics: 'Settings 'XLINK': unsupported version - '. 

Options for 'XLINK' will be set to default.

如下图所示:

【转载】IAR因版本不兼容打不开工程文件解决(Broken <wbr>options、ICC8051、XLINK)

图4 IAR log windows信息

    初步断定,这些警告是因为IAR版本不兼容引起的,但事实上没那么简单,之前也遇见用新版本IAR打开旧版本IAR工程文件,可以直接打开(给出提示信息),在这里还涉及到工程项目配置。解决方法是修改相关的IAR工程文件,描述IAR工程主要有.dep、.eww(Embedded Workbench Workspace)、.ewd(Embedded Workbench Debug)、.ewp(Embedded Workbench Project)文件。

dep --(我也不知道)

eww --工作区文件,描述工作区包含哪些project 

ewd --C-SPY调试器项目设置文件 

ewp --IA项目的配置信息

 

二、Broken options

    Broken options是由于项目文件配置不对引起的,按提示信息修改。版本不对的,修改版本;unknown name的,则删去这些配置选项。

2.1 General

2.1.1 'Settings 'General': unsupported version

(1)错误提示

LOAD: Configuration 'ContikiBankedRelease' in the project 'ContikiCC253xProj' contains broken options for tool 'General': 

The format of this file is not supported by this version of the workbench. It appears to have been written by a newer version of the workbench. 

Diagnostics: 'Settings 'General': unsupported version - '. Options for 'General' will be set to default. Creating backup of original project file.

(2)解决

    找一个IAR现版本可以找开的工程文件,查看General的版本,并将工程文件的版本改成可支持的版本,如下图所示:

【转载】IAR因版本不兼容打不开工程文件解决(Broken <wbr>options、ICC8051、XLINK)

2.1.2 unknown name: PDATA 8-15 register address

(1)错误提示

LOAD: Configuration 'ContikiBankedRelease' in the project 'ContikiCC253xProj' contains broken options for tool 'General': (Registry: unknown name: PDATA 8-15 register address

Options for 'General' will be set to default. Creating backup of original project file. 

(2)解决

在.ewp文件找到PDATA 8-15 register address,删去

...,如下:

 PDATA 8-15 register address 

 0xA0 

【转载】IAR因版本不兼容打不开工程文件解决(Broken <wbr>options、ICC8051、XLINK)

2.1.3 unknown name: PDATA 16-31 register address

(1)错误提示

LOAD: Configuration 'ContikiBankedRelease' in the project 'ContikiCC253xProj' contains broken options for tool 'General': (Registry: unknown name: PDATA 16-31 register address

Options for 'General' will be set to default. Creating backup of original project file. 

(2)解决

    同2.1.2,在.ewp文件找到PDATA 16-31 register address,删去

...

2.1.4 unknown name: General Far22 Heap Size

(1)错误提示

LOAD: Configuration 'ContikiBankedRelease' in the project 'ContikiCC253xProj' contains broken options for tool 'General': (Registry: unknown name: General Far22 Heap Size

Options for 'General' will be set to default. Creating backup of original project file. 

(2)解决

    同2.1.2,在.ewp文件找到General Far22 Heap Size,删去

...

2.1.5 GeneralMisraVer

(1)错误提示

LOAD: Configuration 'ContikiBankedRelease' in the project 'ContikiCC253xProj' contains broken options for tool 'General': (Registry: unknown name: GeneralMisraVer

Options for 'General' will be set to default. Creating backup of original project file.

(2)解决

    同2.1.2,在.ewp文件找到GeneralMisraVer,删去

...

2.1.6 GeneralMisraRules04

(1)错误提示

LOAD: Configuration 'ContikiBankedRelease' in the project 'ContikiCC253xProj' contains broken options for tool 'General': (Registry: unknown name: GeneralMisraRules04

Options for 'General' will be set to default. Creating backup of original project file. 

(2)解决

    同2.1.2,在.ewp文件找到GeneralMisraRules04,删去

...

2.2 ICC8051(ARM平台为ICCARM)

2.2.1 'Settings 'ICC8051': unsupported vesion

(1)错误提示

LOAD: Configuration 'ContikiBankedRelease' in the project 'ContikiCC253xProj' contains broken options for tool 'ICC8051': 

The format of this file is not supported by this version of the workbench. It appears to have been written by a newer version of the workbench. 

Diagnostics: 'Settings 'ICC8051': unsupported version - '. 

Options for 'ICC8051' will be set to default. Creating backup of original project file.

(2)解决

    同2.1.1,找一个IAR现版本可以找开的工程文件(或者自己创建一个工程文件),查看ICC8051的版本,并将工程文件的版本改成可支持的版本,如下图所示:

【转载】IAR因版本不兼容打不开工程文件解决(Broken <wbr>options、ICC8051、XLINK)

2.2.2 unknown name: CompilerMisraRules04

(1)错误提示

LOAD: Configuration 'ContikiBankedRelease' in the project 'ContikiCC253xProj' contains broken options for tool 'ICC8051': (Registry: unknown name: CompilerMisraRules04

Options for 'ICC8051' will be set to default. Creating backup of original project file. 

(2)解决

    同2.1.2,在.ewp文件找到CompilerMisraRules04,删去

...

2.2.3 unknown name: CompilerMisraRules04

(1)错误提示

LOAD: Configuration 'ContikiBankedRelease' in the project 'ContikiCC253xProj' contains broken options for tool 'ICC8051': (Registry: unknown name: CompilerMisraRules04

Options for 'ICC8051' will be set to default. Creating backup of original project file. 

(2)解决

    同2.1.2,在.ewp文件找到CompilerMisraRules04,删去

...

2.3 XLINK

2.3.1 'Settings 'XLINK': unsupported vers

(1)错误提示

LOAD: Configuration 'ContikiBankedRelease' in the project 'ContikiCC253xProj' contains broken options for tool 'XLINK': 

The format of this file is not supported by this version of the workbench. It appears to have been written by a newer version of the workbench. 

Diagnostics: 'Settings 'XLINK': unsupported version - '

Options for 'XLINK' will be set to default. Creating backup of original project file.

(2)解决 

    同2.1.1,找一个IAR现版本可以找开的工程文件(或者自己创建一个工程文件),查看XLINK的版本,并将工程文件的版本改成可支持的版本,如下图所示:

【转载】IAR因版本不兼容打不开工程文件解决(Broken <wbr>options、ICC8051、XLINK)

2.3.2 unknown name: Linker Far22 Heap Size

(1)错误提示

LOAD: Configuration 'ContikiBankedRelease' in the project 'ContikiCC253xProj' contains broken options for tool 'XLINK': (Registry: unknown name: Linker Far22 Heap Size

Options for 'XLINK' will be set to default. Creating backup of original project file. 

(2)解决

    同2.1.2,在.ewp文件找到Linker Far22 Heap Size,删去

...

2.3.3 unknown name: Linker Far22 Heap S

(1)错误提示

LOAD: Configuration 'ContikiBankedRelease' in the project 'ContikiCC253xProj' contains broken options for tool 'XLINK': (Registry: unknown name: Linker Far22 Heap Size

Options for 'XLINK' will be set to default. Creating backup of original project file. 

(2)解决

    同2.1.2,在.ewp文件找到Linker Far22 Heap Size,删去

...

 

三、遗留问题及诡异方法

    打开eww文件,还提示图2的The project file * was created by a newer version of project and cannot be opened、图3的The project * could not be open的警告,但Build区域没有任何信息。还是打不开,我估计是版本跨度太大,换个老一点的版本试试。如果您有更好的方法,烦您告诉我Jelline@126.com,谢谢!

 

================分隔线=====================

    最后,我找到了一种很诡异的方法解决这个问题。即在不同目录创建新的工作区,创建新的工程,将工作区和工程名称与版本不兼容的IAR相同(在本例为ContikiCC2530Port),而后将修改好的ContikiCC2530Port.ewp(注:.eww、.ewd、.dep文件不拷贝,只拷贝ewp文件)和项目相关文件(注:不包括Debug、Release、settings文件夹)拷贝到新创建工程的目录。问题解决:-)不禁感慨,编程世界真美好!

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