mqtt基于paho的消息订阅接收的JAVA代码

看到网上的部分代码,对于订阅主题后,使用mqttCallBack接口来接收消息,虽然这种方法也可以接收到消息,但是mqtt Paho提供了正规的方法去接收消息,这里分享一下自己的demo。

使用callback接口订阅类:


import org.eclipse.paho.client.mqttv3.IMqttDeliveryToken;
import org.eclipse.paho.client.mqttv3.IMqttToken;
import org.eclipse.paho.client.mqttv3.MqttCallback;
import org.eclipse.paho.client.mqttv3.MqttClient;
import org.eclipse.paho.client.mqttv3.MqttConnectOptions;
import org.eclipse.paho.client.mqttv3.MqttException;
import org.eclipse.paho.client.mqttv3.MqttMessage;
import org.eclipse.paho.client.mqttv3.persist.MemoryPersistence;

import edu.jia.pub.Publish;

public class Subscribe {
	public static final String HOST = "tcp://116.196.99.111:1883";
	public static final String TOPIC = "topic";
	private static final String clientid = "Client Subscribe";
	private MqttClient client;
	private MqttConnectOptions options;
	private String msg = null;

	// private String userName = "admin";
	// private String passWord = "password";

	// private ScheduledExecutorService scheduler;

	public MqttClient connect() throws MqttException {

		// host为主机名,clientid即连接MQTT的客户端ID,一般以唯一标识符表示,MemoryPersistence设置clientid的保存形式,默认为以内存保存
		this.client = new MqttClient(HOST, clientid, new MemoryPersistence());
		// MQTT的连接设置
		options = new MqttConnectOptions();
		// 设置是否清空session,这里如果设置为false表示服务器会保留客户端的连接记录,这里设置为true表示每次连接到服务器都以新的身份连接
		options.setCleanSession(true);
		// 设置连接的用户名
		// options.setUserName(userName);
		// // 设置连接的密码
		// options.setPassword(passWord.toCharArray());
		// 设置超时时间 单位为秒
		options.setConnectionTimeout(10);
		// 设置会话心跳时间 单位为秒 服务器会每隔1.5*20秒的时间向客户端发送个消息 判断客户端是否在线,但这个方法并没有重连的机制
		options.setKeepAliveInterval(20);
		// 设置回调
		this.client.setCallback(new MqttCallback() {

			public void connectionLost(Throwable cause) {
				// 连接丢失后,一般在这里面进行重连
				System.out.println("连接断开,可以做重连");
			}

			public void deliveryComplete(IMqttDeliveryToken token) {
				System.out.println("deliveryComplete---------" + token.isComplete());
			}

			public void messageArrived(String topic, MqttMessage message) throws Exception {
				// subscribe后得到的消息会执行到这里面
				System.out.println("接收消息的主题 : " + topic);
				System.out.println("接收消息的质量Qos : " + message.getQos());
				//

				msg = new String(message.getPayload());
				System.out.println(">>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>" + msg);
			}

		});

		// MqttTopic topic = client.getTopic(TOPIC);
		// setWill方法,如果项目中需要知道客户端是否掉线可以调用该方法。设置最终端口的通知消息
		// options.setWill(topic, "close".getBytes(), 2, true);

		this.client.connect(options);

		return this.client;

	}

	public IMqttToken subscribe(MqttClient client) throws MqttException {
		// 订阅消息
		int Qos = 2;
		String topic1 = TOPIC;
		IMqttToken token = client.subscribeWithResponse(topic1, Qos);
		String str = new String(token.getResponse().getPayload());
		System.out.println("============================" + str);
		return token;
	}

	public static void main(String[] args) throws Throwable {
		System.out.println("下发配置");
		Thread.sleep(3000);
		System.out.println("配置已经下发");
		Thread.sleep(3000);
		System.out.println("监听回传消息");
		Subscribe sub = new Subscribe();
		MqttClient client = sub.connect();
		Thread.sleep(3000);
		System.out.println("建立连接");
		IMqttToken token = sub.subscribe(client);
		if (token.isComplete()) {
			System.out.println("完成订阅");
			Publish Publish = new Publish();

			Publish.setMessage(new MqttMessage());
			Publish.getMessage().setQos(2);
			Publish.getMessage().setRetained(true);
			Publish.getMessage().setPayload("2018/06-------mqtt服务端测试   msg2".getBytes());
			// 重写publish方法
			Publish.publish(Publish.getTopic(), Publish.getMessage());
			Publish.getClient().disconnect();
		}

		if (sub.msg == null) {
			Thread.sleep(3000);
			if (sub.msg!=null) {
				System.out.println("====================" + sub.msg);
			}
			else {
				System.out.println("time out ");
			}
		
		}
	}

}

使用subscribe方法接收消息:

package edu.jia.sub;
import org.eclipse.paho.client.mqttv3.IMqttMessageListener;
import org.eclipse.paho.client.mqttv3.MqttClient;
import org.eclipse.paho.client.mqttv3.MqttConnectOptions;
import org.eclipse.paho.client.mqttv3.MqttException;
import org.eclipse.paho.client.mqttv3.MqttMessage;
import org.eclipse.paho.client.mqttv3.persist.MemoryPersistence;
 
public class TestSub {
 

     private static int qos = 2;
     private static String broker = "tcp://116.196.99.111:1883";

 
     private static MqttClient connect(String clientId) throws MqttException{
    	 MemoryPersistence persistence = new MemoryPersistence();
    	 MqttConnectOptions connOpts = new MqttConnectOptions();

    	 connOpts.setCleanSession(false);

         connOpts.setConnectionTimeout(10);
         connOpts.setKeepAliveInterval(20);

         MqttClient mqttClient = new MqttClient(broker, clientId, persistence);
         mqttClient.connect(connOpts);
    	 return mqttClient;
     }
     
     public static void sub(MqttClient mqttClient,String topic) throws MqttException{
         int[] Qos  = {qos};
         String[] topics = {topic};
         mqttClient.subscribe(topics, Qos);
     }
     
     
    private static void runsub(String clientId, String topic) throws MqttException{
    	MqttClient mqttClient = connect(clientId);
    	if(mqttClient != null){
			sub(mqttClient,topic);
    	}
    	mqttClient.subscribe(topic,2, new IMqttMessageListener() {
			
			@Override
			public void messageArrived(String topic, MqttMessage message) throws Exception {
				// TODO Auto-generated method stub
				System.out.println(new String(message.getPayload()));
			}
		});
    }
    public static void main(String[] args) throws MqttException{
    	
		runsub("testSub", "test");
    }
}

测试:在远程主机,开启mqtt服务:mosquitto -c /etc/mosquitto/mosquitto.conf

mostuitto_pub -p 1883 -q 2 -t "test " -m "test ---- ok " 

多说几句:subscribe提供了三个重载方法,大家可以根据自己的需要选择需要的重载函数,如果对于listener要求比较高的话,可以将内部类单独写出来继承接口即可。

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