G - Red and Black

G - Red and Black
There is a rectangular room, covered with square tiles. Each tile is colored either red or black. A man is standing on a black tile. From a tile, he can move to one of four adjacent tiles. But he can't move on red tiles, he can move only on black tiles.

Write a program to count the number of black tiles which he can reach by repeating the moves described above.
Input The input consists of multiple data sets. A data set starts with a line containing two positive integers W and H; W and H are the numbers of tiles in the x- and y- directions, respectively. W and H are not more than 20.

There are H more lines in the data set, each of which includes W characters. Each character represents the color of a tile as follows.

'.' - a black tile
'#' - a red tile
'@' - a man on a black tile(appears exactly once in a data set)
Output For each data set, your program should output a line which contains the number of tiles he can reach from the initial tile (including itself).
Sample Input
6 9
....#.
.....#
......
......
......
......
......
#@...#
.#..#.
11 9
.#.........
.#.#######.
.#.#.....#.
.#.#.###.#.
.#.#..@#.#.
.#.#####.#.
.#.......#.
.#########.
...........
11 6
..#..#..#..
..#..#..#..
..#..#..###
..#..#..#@.
..#..#..#..
..#..#..#..
7 7
..#.#..
..#.#..
###.###
...@...
###.###
..#.#..
..#.#..
0 0
Sample Output
45
59
6
13

题意:求 从@处 能到达的 所有 “.”点。
思路:广搜,深搜都可以。

深搜代码:

#include<stdio.h>
#include<string.h>
#include<iostream>
#include<algorithm>
#define mem(a,b) memset(a,b,sizeof(a))
using namespace std;
int ne[4][2]={{0,1},{-1,0},{0,-1},{1,0}};
char tu[25][25]={'0'};
int step,W,H;
int dfs(int x,int y)
{
    int tx,ty;
     step++;
     tu[x][y]='#';    //已经搜过,标记
    for(int i=0;i<4;i++)
    {
        tx=x+ne[i][0];
        ty=y+ne[i][1];
        if(tu[tx][ty]=='.'&&tx>=0&&ty>=0&&tx<H&&ty<W)
        {
             dfs(tx,ty);
        }
    }
    return step;
}
int main()
{
    while(~scanf("%d%d",&W,&H)&&(W||H))
    {
        getchar();
        int x,y;
        step=0;
        for(int i=0;i<H;i++)
        {
            for(int j=0;j<W;j++)
              {
                   scanf("%c",&tu[i][j]);
                   if(tu[i][j]=='@')
                   {
                       x=i;
                       y=j;
                   }
              }
              getchar();
        }
        cout<<dfs(x,y)<<endl;
    }
    return 0;
}

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