matlab quiver线,quiver -- 画箭头matlab命令

quiver - Quiver or velocity



GUI Alternatives

To graph selected variables, use the Plot Selector a4c26d1e5885305701be709a3d33442f.png in the Workspace Browser, or use the Figure

Palette Plot Catalog. Manipulate graphs in plot edit mode with the Property Editor.

For details, see Plotting Tools — Interactive Plotting in the MATLAB Graphics

documentation and Creating Graphics from the Workspace Browser in the MATLAB

Desktop Tools documentation.








h = quiver(...)

hlines = quiver('v6',...)


A quiver plot displays velocity vectors as arrows with

components (u,v) at the points (x,y).

For example, the first vector is defined by components

u(1),v(1) and is displayed at the point


quiver(x,y,u,v) plots vectors

as arrows at the coordinates specified in each corresponding pair

of elements in x and y. The matrices x,

y, u, and v must all be the same size

and contain corresponding position and velocity components.

However, x and y can also be vectors, as

explained in the next section. By default, the arrows are scaled to

just not overlap, but you can scale them to be longer or shorter if

you want.

Expanding x- and y-Coordinates

MATLAB expands x and y if they are not

matrices. This expansion is equivalent to calling meshgrid to generate matrices from vectors:

[x,y] = meshgrid(x,y);


In this case, the following must be true:

length(x) = n and length(y)

= m, where [m,n] =

size(u) = size(v).

The vector x corresponds to the columns of u

and v, and vector y corresponds to the rows of

u and v.

quiver(u,v) draws vectors

specified by u and v at equally spaced points in

the x-y plane.


automatically scales the arrows to fit within the grid and then

stretches them by the factor scale. scale

= 2 doubles their relative length, and

scale = 0.5 halves the length. Use

scale = 0 to plot the velocity vectors without automatic

scaling. You can also tune the length of arrows after they have

been drawn by choosing the Plot Edit a4c26d1e5885305701be709a3d33442f.png tool, selecting the quivergroup

object, opening the Property Editor, and adjusting the

Length slider.

quiver(...,LineSpec) specifies

line style, marker symbol, and color using any valid

LineSpec. quiver draws the markers at the origin

of the vectors.


fills markers specified by LineSpec.

quiver(axes_handle,...) plots

into the axes with the handle axes_handle instead of into

the current axes (gca).

h = quiver(...) returns the

handle to the quivergroup object.

Backward-Compatible Version

hlines = quiver('v6',...)

returns the handles of line objects instead of quivergroup objects

for compatibility with MATLAB 6.5 and earlier.

Note The v6

option enables users of Version 7.x of MATLAB to create FIG-files

that previous versions can open. It is obsolete and will be removed

in a future version of MATLAB.


Showing the Gradient with Quiver Plots

Plot the gradient field of the function a4c26d1e5885305701be709a3d33442f.png:

[X,Y] = meshgrid(-2:.2:2);

Z = X.*exp(-X.^2 - Y.^2);

[DX,DY] = gradient(Z,.2,.2);


hold on


colormap hsv

hold off


See Also

Quivergroup Properties for property descriptions

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