# 今天给大家带来Python炫酷爱心代码

227 篇文章 14 订阅
82 篇文章 5 订阅
75 篇文章 1 订阅

## 前言

### 一.代码展示

import random
from math import sin, cos, pi, log
from tkinter import *

CANVAS_WIDTH = 640
CANVAS_HEIGHT = 480
CANVAS_CENTER_X = CANVAS_WIDTH / 2
CANVAS_CENTER_Y = CANVAS_HEIGHT / 2
IMAGE_ENLARGE = 11
HEART_COLOR = "#ff2121"

def heart_function(t, shrink_ratio: float = IMAGE_ENLARGE):
"""
“爱心函数生成器”
:param shrink_ratio: 放大比例
:param t: 参数
:return: 坐标
"""
# 基础函数
x = 16 * (sin(t) ** 3)
y = -(13 * cos(t) - 5 * cos(2 * t) - 2 * cos(3 * t) - cos(4 * t))

x *= shrink_ratio
y *= shrink_ratio

# 移到画布中央
x += CANVAS_CENTER_X
y += CANVAS_CENTER_Y

return int(x), int(y)

def scatter_inside(x, y, beta=0.15):
"""
:param x: 原x
:param y: 原y
:param beta: 强度
:return: 新坐标
"""
ratio_x = - beta * log(random.random())
ratio_y = - beta * log(random.random())

dx = ratio_x * (x - CANVAS_CENTER_X)
dy = ratio_y * (y - CANVAS_CENTER_Y)

return x - dx, y - dy

def shrink(x, y, ratio):
"""

:param x: 原x
:param y: 原y
:param ratio: 比例
:return: 新坐标
"""
force = -1 / (((x - CANVAS_CENTER_X) ** 2 + (y - CANVAS_CENTER_Y) ** 2) ** 0.6)
dx = ratio * force * (x - CANVAS_CENTER_X)
dy = ratio * force * (y - CANVAS_CENTER_Y)
return x - dx, y - dy

def curve(p):
"""
:param p: 参数
:return: 正弦
"""

return 2 * (2 * sin(4 * p)) / (2 * pi)

class Heart:
"""

"""
def __init__(self, generate_frame=20):
self._points = set()
self._edge_diffusion_points = set()
self._center_diffusion_points = set()
self.all_points = {}
self.build(2000)

self.random_halo = 1000

self.generate_frame = generate_frame
for frame in range(generate_frame):
self.calc(frame)

def build(self, number):
# 爱心
for _ in range(number):
t = random.uniform(0, 2 * pi)
x, y = heart_function(t)

# 爱心内扩散
for _x, _y in list(self._points):
for _ in range(3):
x, y = scatter_inside(_x, _y, 0.05)

point_list = list(self._points)
for _ in range(4000):
x, y = random.choice(point_list)
x, y = scatter_inside(x, y, 0.17)

@staticmethod
def calc_position(x, y, ratio):
# 调整缩放比例
force = 1 / (((x - CANVAS_CENTER_X) ** 2 + (y - CANVAS_CENTER_Y) ** 2) ** 0.520)

dx = ratio * force * (x - CANVAS_CENTER_X) + random.randint(-1, 1)
dy = ratio * force * (y - CANVAS_CENTER_Y) + random.randint(-1, 1)

return x - dx, y - dy

def calc(self, generate_frame):
ratio = 10 * curve(generate_frame / 10 * pi)

halo_radius = int(4 + 6 * (1 + curve(generate_frame / 10 * pi)))
halo_number = int(3000 + 4000 * abs(curve(generate_frame / 10 * pi) ** 2))

all_points = []

# 光环
heart_halo_point = set()
for _ in range(halo_number):
t = random.uniform(0, 2 * pi)
x, y = heart_function(t, shrink_ratio=11.6)
x, y = shrink(x, y, halo_radius)
if (x, y) not in heart_halo_point:
# 处理新的点
x += random.randint(-14, 14)
y += random.randint(-14, 14)
size = random.choice((1, 2, 2))
all_points.append((x, y, size))

# 轮廓
for x, y in self._points:
x, y = self.calc_position(x, y, ratio)
size = random.randint(1, 3)
all_points.append((x, y, size))

# 内容
for x, y in self._edge_diffusion_points:
x, y = self.calc_position(x, y, ratio)
size = random.randint(1, 2)
all_points.append((x, y, size))

for x, y in self._center_diffusion_points:
x, y = self.calc_position(x, y, ratio)
size = random.randint(1, 2)
all_points.append((x, y, size))

self.all_points[generate_frame] = all_points

def render(self, render_canvas, render_frame):
for x, y, size in self.all_points[render_frame % self.generate_frame]:
render_canvas.create_rectangle(x, y, x + size, y + size, width=0, fill=HEART_COLOR)

def draw(main: Tk, render_canvas: Canvas, render_heart: Heart, render_frame=0):
render_canvas.delete('all')
render_heart.render(render_canvas, render_frame)
main.after(160, draw, main, render_canvas, render_heart, render_frame + 1)

if __name__ == '__main__':
root = Tk()
canvas = Canvas(root, bg='black', height=CANVAS_HEIGHT, width=CANVAS_WIDTH)
canvas.pack()
heart = Heart()
draw(root, canvas, heart)
root.mainloop()

## 零基础Python学习资源介绍

### 👉Python学习路线汇总👈

Python所有方向的技术点做的整理，形成各个领域的知识点汇总，它的用处就在于，你可以按照上面的知识点去找对应的学习资源，保证自己学得较为全面。（全套教程文末领取哈）

## 资料领取

• 14
点赞
• 39
收藏
觉得还不错? 一键收藏
• 1
评论
12-28 5974
10-03 1074
04-14 1160
10-05 3506
09-23
05-05
11-08
12-14

### “相关推荐”对你有帮助么？

• 非常没帮助
• 没帮助
• 一般
• 有帮助
• 非常有帮助

1.余额是钱包充值的虚拟货币，按照1:1的比例进行支付金额的抵扣。
2.余额无法直接购买下载，可以购买VIP、付费专栏及课程。