Android UI开发第三篇——popupwindow

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/xyz_lmn/article/details/6906286

    PopupWindow在android.widget包下,弹出窗口的形式展示。官方文档对该控件的描述是:“一个弹出窗口控件,可以用来显示任意视图(View),而且会浮动在当前 活动(activity)的顶部”。PopupWindow可以让我们实现多种自定义控件,例如:menu、alertdialog等弹窗似的View。


    Popupwindow需要在onCreate时初始化、通过触发事件展示出来。


public class ShowPopupWindow extends Activity implements View.OnClickListener {

	View view;
	PopupWindow pop;
	Button btnShowAsDrawDown;
	Button btnShowAsDrawDown1;
	Button btnShowAtLocation;

	@Override
	protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
		setContentView(R.layout.popup_activity);
		btnShowAsDrawDown = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btnShowAsDrawDown);
		btnShowAsDrawDown.setOnClickListener(this);
		btnShowAsDrawDown1 = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btnShowAsDrawDown1);
		btnShowAsDrawDown1.setOnClickListener(this);
		btnShowAtLocation = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btnShowAt);
		btnShowAtLocation.setOnClickListener(this);
		initPopupWindow();
	}

	@Override
	public void onClick(View v) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		switch (v.getId()) {
		case R.id.btnShowAsDrawDown:
			if (pop.isShowing()) {
				pop.dismiss();
			} else {
				pop.showAsDropDown(v);
			}
			break;
		case R.id.btnShowAsDrawDown1:
			if (pop.isShowing()) {
				pop.dismiss();
			} else {
				pop.showAsDropDown(v, 0, -160);
			}
			break;
		default:
			if (pop.isShowing()) {
				pop.dismiss();
			} else {
				pop.showAtLocation(findViewById(R.id.main),
						Gravity.CENTER_HORIZONTAL, 0, 0);
			}
			break;
		}

	}

	private void initPopupWindow() {
		view = this.getLayoutInflater().inflate(R.layout.popup_window, null);
		pop = new PopupWindow(view, ViewGroup.LayoutParams.FILL_PARENT,
				ViewGroup.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT);
		pop.setOutsideTouchable(true);
		view.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
			@Override
			public void onClick(View v) {
				// TODO Auto-generated method stub
				pop.dismiss();
			}
		});
	}

}



popup_activity.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:id="@+id/main"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical" >

    <TextView
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="pop demo!" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/btnShowAsDrawDown"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Show as drawndown(one parameter)" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/btnShowAsDrawDown1"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Show as drawndown(three parameters)" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/btnShowAt"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Show At Location" />

</LinearLayout>


popup_window.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    android:background="#d3d3d3"
    android:gravity="center_horizontal"
    android:orientation="vertical" >

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/btn_pop"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_margin="10dip"
        android:text="Close" />

</LinearLayout>


/**
* @author 张兴业
*  我的新浪微博:@张兴业TBOW
*/

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