自定义博客皮肤VIP专享

*博客头图:

格式为PNG、JPG,宽度*高度大于1920*100像素,不超过2MB,主视觉建议放在右侧,请参照线上博客头图

请上传大于1920*100像素的图片!

博客底图:

图片格式为PNG、JPG,不超过1MB,可上下左右平铺至整个背景

栏目图:

图片格式为PNG、JPG,图片宽度*高度为300*38像素,不超过0.5MB

主标题颜色:

RGB颜色,例如:#AFAFAF

Hover:

RGB颜色,例如:#AFAFAF

副标题颜色:

RGB颜色,例如:#AFAFAF

自定义博客皮肤

-+

AI小作坊 的博客

大道至简,天人合一

  • 博客(8)
  • 资源 (92)
  • 论坛 (1)
  • 收藏
  • 关注

原创 数学知识--Unconstrained Optimization(第二章)

Unconstrained Optimization3. Edition, March 2004Poul Erik Frandsen, Kristian Jonasson Hans Bruun Nielsen, Ole Tingleff2 Descent Methods这里我们介绍的方法都是迭代方法。对于求解函数的 局部极小值点 x*, 我们通过迭代产生一系列点,不断的逼近 x*...

2019-03-30 17:02:26 670

原创 数学知识--Unconstrained Optimization(第一章)

Unconstrained Optimization3. Edition, March 2004Poul Erik Frandsen, Kristian Jonasson Hans Bruun Nielsen, Ole Tingleff1 Introduction最优化问题,对于一个给定函数 F,我们寻找一个向量 x* 使得 F(x*)为函数局部极小值函数的最大值问题和最小值问题本质是...

2019-03-30 17:02:08 388

原创 数学知识--Methods for Non-Linear Least Squares Problems(第二章)

Methods for Non-Linear Least Squares Problems 非线性最小二乘问题的方法2nd Edition, April 2004K. Madsen, H.B. Nielsen, O. Tingleff2 Descent Methods第二章 下降方法非线性优化的所有方法都是 iterative:从一个起始点 x0 开始,算法生成一系列向量 x1 , ...

2019-03-30 17:01:46 840

转载 数学知识--Levenberg-Marquardt算法浅谈

https://blog.csdn.net/liu14lang/article/details/5399189711

2019-03-29 13:50:19 327

转载 数学知识-- 信赖域(Trust Region)算法是怎么一回事

信赖域(Trust Region)算法是怎么一回事转载自: https://www.codelast.com/原创信赖域trust-region算法是怎么一回事/ 如果你关心最优化(Optimization),你一定听说过一类叫作“信赖域(Trust Region)”的算法。在本文中,我将讲述一下信赖域算法...

2019-03-29 13:26:34 857

原创 数学知识--Methods for Non-Linear Least Squares Problems(第一章)

Methods for Non-Linear Least Squares Problems 非线性最小二乘问题的方法2nd Edition, April 2004K. Madsen, H.B. Nielsen, O. Tingleff1 Introduction and Definitions第一章 介绍和定义这本小册子主要关注 Least Squares Proble...

2019-03-29 09:15:26 796

原创 相机模型--Catadioptric Omnidirectional Camera

Catadioptric Omnidirectional Camera CVPR97Abstract 摘要传统相机具有有限的视野(limited fields of view)使其在视觉应用中受到限制。当前存在几种方法可以提升相机视野。但是,整个成像系统必须只有一个有效视野点(a single effective viewpoint), 这样可以从 sensed image 生成 pu...

2019-03-27 11:58:00 832

原创 鱼眼相机相关概念

123

2019-03-26 15:10:36 1026

A Review of Computer Vision Techniques for the Analysis of Urban Traffic

Automatic video analysis from urban surveillance cameras is a fast-emerging field based on computer vision techniques. We present here a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art computer vision for traffic video with a critical analysis and an outlook to future research directions. This field is of increasing relevance for intelligent transport systems (ITSs). The decreasing hardware cost and, therefore, the increasing de- ployment of cameras have opened a wide application field for video analytics. Several monitoring objectives such as congestion, traffic rule violation, and vehicle interaction can be targeted using cameras that were typically originally installed for human oper- ators. Systems for the detection and classification of vehicles on highways have successfully been using classical visual surveillance techniques such as background estimation and motion tracking for some time. The urban domain is more challenging with respect to traffic density, lower camera angles that lead to a high degree of occlusion, and the variety of road users. Methods from object categorization and 3-D modeling have inspired more advanced techniques to tackle these challenges. There is no commonly used data set or benchmark challenge, which makes the direct com- parison of the proposed algorithms difficult. In addition, evalu- ation under challenging weather conditions (e.g., rain, fog, and darkness) would be desirable but is rarely performed. Future work should be directed toward robust combined detectors and classifiers for all road users, with a focus on realistic conditions during evaluation.

2011-10-15

An Algorithm for License Plate Recognition Applied to ITS

An algorithm for license plate recognition (LPR) applied to the intelligent transportation system is proposed on the basis of a novel shadow removal technique and character recognition algorithms. This paper has two major contributions. One contribution is a new binary method, i.e., the shadow re- moval method, which is based on the improved Bernsen algorithm combined with the Gaussian filter. Our second contribution is a character recognition algorithm known as support vector machine (SVM) integration. In SVM integration, character features are extracted from the elastic mesh, and the entire address character string is taken as the object of study, as opposed to a single character. This paper also presents improved techniques for im- age tilt correction and image gray enhancement. Our algorithm is robust to the variance of illumination, view angle, position, size, and color of the license plates when working in a complex environment. The algorithm was tested with 9026 images, such as natural-scene vehicle images using different backgrounds and ambient illumination particularly for low-resolution images. The license plates were properly located and segmented as 97.16%and 98.34%, respectively. The optical character recognition system is the SVM integration with different character features, whose performance for numerals, Kana, and address recognition reached 99.5%, 98.6%, and 97.8%, respectively. Combining the preceding tests, the overall performance of success for the license plate achieves 93.54% when the system is used for LPR in various complex conditions

2011-10-15

Projection and Least Square Fitting

Projection and Least Square Fitting with Perpendicular Offsets based Vehicle License Plate Tilt Correction

2011-10-15

Vehicle Detection and Tracking in Car Video Based on Motion Model

Vehicle Detection and Tracking in Car Video Based on Motion Model--This work aims at real-time in-car video analysis to detect and track vehicles ahead for safety, auto-driving, and target tracing. This paper describes a comprehensive approach to localize target vehicles in video under various environmental conditions. The extracted geometry features from the video are projected onto a 1D profile continuously and are tracked constantly. We rely on temporal information of features and their motion behaviors for vehicle identification, which compensates for the complexity in recognizing vehicle shapes, colors, and types. We model the motion in the field of view probabilistically according to the scene characteristic and vehicle motion model. The Hidden Markov Model is used for separating target vehicles from background, and tracking them probabilistically. We have investigated videos of day and night on different types of roads, showing that our approach is robust and effective in dealing with changes in environment and illumination, and that real time processing becomes possible for vehicle borne cameras.

2011-10-15

Vehicle model recognition from frontal view image measurements

This paper deals with a novel vehicle manufacturer and model recognition scheme, which is enhanced by color recognition for more robust results. A probabilistic neural network is assessed as a classifier and it is demonstrated that relatively simple image processing measurements can be used to obtain high performance vehicle authentication. The proposed system is assisted by a previously developed license plate recognition, a symmetry axis detector and an image phase congruency calculation modules. The reported results indicate a high recognition rate and a fast processing time, making the system suitable for real-time applications.

2011-10-15

Accuracy of Laplacian Edge Detectors

The sources of error for the edge finding technique proposed by Marr and Hildreth (D. Marr and T. Poggio, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. B204, 1979, 301–328; D. Marr and E. Hildreth, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. B.207, 1980, 187–217) are identified, and the magnitudes of the errors are estimated, based on idealized models of the most common error producing situations. Errors are shown to be small for linear illuminations, as well as for nonlinear illuminations with a second derivative less than a critical value. Nonlinear illuminations are shown to lead to spurious contours under some conditions, and some fast techniques for discarding such contours are suggested.

2011-10-12

A discrete expression of Canny's criteria for step

Optimal filters for edge detection are usually developed in the continuous domain and then transposed by sampling to the discrete domain. Simpler filters are directly defined in the discrete domain. We define criteria to compare filter performances in the discrete domain. Canny has defined (1983, 1986) three criteria to derive the equation of an optimal filter for step edge detection: good detection, good localization, and low-responses multiplicity. These criteria seem to be good candidates for filter comparison. Unfortunately, they have been developed in the continuous domain, and their analytical expressions cannot be used in the discrete domain. We establish three criteria with the same meaning as Canny's.

2011-10-11

Fast LOG Filtering Using Recursive Filters

Marr and Hildreth's theory of LoG filtering with multiple scales has been extensively elaborated. One problem with LoG filtering is that it is very time-consuming, especially with a large size of filters. This paper presents a recursive convolution scheme for LoG filtering and a fast algorithm to extract zero-crossings. It has a constant computational complexity per pixel and is independent of the size of the filter. A line buffer is used to determine the locations of zero-crossings along with filtering hence avoiding the need for an additional convolution and extra memory units. Various images have been tested

2011-10-11

Selecting Critical Patterns Based on Local Geometrical

Pattern selection methods have been traditionally developed with a dependency on a specific classifier. In contrast, this paper presents a method that selects critical patterns deemed to carry essential information applicable to train those types of classifiers which require spatial information of the training data set. Critical patterns include those edge patterns that define the boundary and those border patterns that separate classes. The proposed method selects patterns from a new perspective, primarily based on their location in input space. It determines class edge patterns with the assistance of the approximated tangent hyperplane of a class surface. It also identifies border patterns between classes using local probability. The proposed method is evaluated on benchmark problems using popular classifiers, including multilayer perceptrons, radial basis functions, support vector machines, and nearest neighbors. The proposed approach is also compared with four state-of-the-art approaches and it is shown to provide similar but more consistent accuracy from a reduced data set. Experimental results demonstrate that it selects patterns sufficient to represent class boundary and to preserve the decision surface.

2011-10-11

On Improving the Efficiency of Tensor Voting

This paper proposes two alternative formulations to reduce the high computational complexity of tensor voting, a robust perceptual grouping technique used to extract salient information from noisy data. The first scheme consists of numerical approximations of the votes, which have been derived from an in-depth analysis of the plate and ball voting processes. The second scheme simplifies the formulation while keeping the same perceptual meaning of the original tensor voting: The stick tensor voting and the stick component of the plate tensor voting must reinforce surfaceness, the plate components of both the plate and ball tensor voting must boost curveness, whereas junctionness must be strengthened by the ball component of the ball tensor voting. Two new parameters have been proposed for the second formulation in order to control the potentially conflictive influence of the stick component of the plate vote and the ball component of the ball vote. Results show that the proposed formulations can be used in applications where efficiency is an issue since they have a complexity of order O(1). Moreover, the second proposed formulation has been shown to be more appropriate than the original tensor voting for estimating saliencies by appropriately setting the two new parameters.

2011-10-11

The Canny Edge Detector Revisited

Canny (1986) suggested that an optimal edge detector should maximize both signal-to-noise ratio and localization, and he derived mathematical expressions for these criteria. Based on these criteria, he claimed that the optimal step edge detector was similar to a derivative of a gaussian. However, Canny’s work suffers from two problems. First, his derivation of localization criterion is incorrect. Here we provide a more acurate localization criterion and derive the optimal detector from it. Second, and more seriously, the Canny criteria yield an infinitely wide optimal edge detector. The width of the optimal detector can however be limited by considering the effect of the neighbouring edges in the image. If we do so, we find that the optimal step edge detector, according to the Canny criteria, is the derivative of an ISEF filter, proposed by Shen and Castan (1992). In addition, if we also consider detecting blurred (or non-sharp) gaussian edges of different widths, we find that the optimal blurred-edge detector is the above optimal step edge detector convolved with a gaussian. This implies that edge detection must be performed at multiple scales to cover all the blur widths in the image. We derive a simple scale selection procedure for edge detection, and demonstrate it in one and two dimensions.

2011-08-11

OpenCV 2 Computer Vision Application Programming Cookbook

Overview of OpenCV 2 Computer Vision Application Programming Cookbook Teaches you how to program computer vision applications in C++ using the different features of the OpenCV library Demonstrates the important structures and functions of OpenCV in detail with complete working examples Describes fundamental concepts in computer vision and image processing Gives you advice and tips to create more effective object-oriented computer vision programs Contains examples with source code and shows results obtained on real images with detailed explanations and the required screenshots

2011-06-24

Accurate Robust Symmetry Estimation

Accurate Robust Symmetry Estimation Stephen Smith and Mark Jenkinson There are various applications, both in medical and non-medical image analysis, which require the automatic detection of the line (2D images) or plane (3D) of reflective symmetry of objects. There exist relatively simple methods of finding reflective symmetry when object images are complete (i.e., completely symmetric and perfectly segmented from image “background”). A much harder problem is finding the line or plane of symmetry when the object of interest contains asymmetries, and may not have well defined edges.

2011-04-11

Intensity and Edge-Based Symmetry Detection Applied to Car-Following

Intensity and Edge-Based Symmetry Detection Applied to Car-Following We present two methods for detecting symmetry in images, one based directly on the intensity values and another one based on a discrete representation of local orientation. A symmetry finder has been developed which uses the intensity-based method to search an image for compact regions which display some degree of mirror symmetry due to intensity similarities across a straight axis. In a different approach, we look at symmetry as a bilateral relationship between local orientations. A symmetryenhancing edge detector is presented which indicates edges dependent on the orientations at two different image positions. SEED, as we call it, is a detector element implemented by a feedforward network that holds the symmetry conditions. We use SEED to find the contours of symmetric objects of which we know the axis of symmetry from the intensity-based symmetry finder. The methods presented have been applied to the problem of visually guided car-following. Real-time experiments with a system for automatic headway control on motorways have been successful.

2011-04-11

Learning based Symmetric Features Selection for Vehicle Detection

Learning based Symmetric Features Selection for Vehicle Detection This paper describes a symmetric features selection strategy based on statistical learning method for detecting vehicles with a single moving camera for autonomous driving. Symmetry is a good class of feature for vehicle detection, but the areas with high symmetry and threshold for segmentation is hard to be decided. Usually, the additional supposition is added artificially, and this will decrease the robustness of algorithms. In this paper, we focus on the problem of symmetric features selection using learning method for autonomous driving environment. Global symmetry and local symmetry are defined and used to construct a cascaded structure with a one-class classifier followed by a two-class classifier.

2011-04-11

Method of removing moving shadow based on texture

Method of removing moving shadow based on texture

2011-04-01

Approach of vehicle segmentation based on texture character

Approach of vehicle segmentation based on texture character

2011-04-01

Statistical Change Detection by the Pool Adjacent Violators Algorithm

In this paper we present a statistical change detection approach aimed at being robust with respect to the main disturbance factors acting in real-world applications, such as illumination changes, camera gain and exposure variations, noise. We rely on modeling the effects of disturbance factors on images as locally order-preserving transformations of pixel intensities plus additive noise. This allows us to identify within the space of all the possible image change patterns the subspace corresponding to disturbance factors effects. Hence, scene changes can be detected by a-contrario testing the hypothesis that the measured pattern is due to disturbance factors, that is by computing a distance between the pattern and the subspace. By assuming additive gaussian noise, the distance can be computed within a maximum likelihood non-parametric isotonic regression framework. In particular, the projection of the pattern onto the subspace is computed by an O(N) iterative procedure known as Pool Adjacent Violators algorithm.

2011-03-17

A Background Reconstruction Method Based on Double-background

In this paper, we show a new method to reconstruct and update the background. This approach is based on double-background. We use the statistical information of the pixel intensity to construct a background that represents the status during a long time, and construct another background with feedback information in motion detection that represents the recent changes at a short time. This couple of background images is fused to construct and update the background image used to motion detection. The background reconstruction algorithm can perform well on the tests that we have applied it to.

2011-03-17

Optimal multi-level thresholding using a two-stage Otsu optimization approach

Otsu’s method of image segmentation selects an optimum threshold by maximizing the between-class variance in a gray image. However, this method becomes very time-consuming when extended to a multi-level threshold problem due to the fact that a large number of iterations are required for computing the cumulative probability and the mean of a class. To greatly improve the efficiency of Otsu’s method, a new fast algorithm called the TSMO method (Two-Stage Multithreshold Otsu method) is presented. The TSMO method outperforms Otsu’s method by greatly reducing the iterations required for computing the between-class variance in an image. The experimental results show that the computational time increases exponentially for the conventional Otsu method with an average ratio of about 76. For TSMO-32, the maximum computational time is only 0.463 s when the class number M increases from two to six with relative errors of less than 1% when compared to Otsu’s method. The ratio of computational time of Otsu’s method to TSMO-32 is rather high, up to 109,708, when six classes (M = 6) in an image are used. This result indicates that the proposed method is far more efficient with an accuracy equivalent to Otsu’s method. It also has the advantage of having a small variance in runtimes for different test images.

2011-03-17

Environmentally Robust Motion Detection for Video Surveillance

Most video surveillance systems require to manually set a motion detection sensitivity level to generate motion alarms. The performance of motion detection algorithms, embedded in closed circuit television (CCTV) camera and digital video recorder (DVR), usually depends upon the preselected motion sensitivity level, which is expected to work in all environmental conditions. Due to the preselected sensitivity level, false alarms and detection failures usually exist in video surveillance systems. The proposed motion detection model based upon variational energy provides a robust detection method at various illumination changes and noise levels of image sequences without tuning any parameter manually. We analyze the structure mathematically and demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed model with numerous experiments in various environmental conditions. Due to the compact structure and efficiency of the proposed model, it could be implemented in a small embedded system.

2011-03-17

Cooperative Fusion of Stereo and Motion

Cooperative Fusion of Stereo and Motion This paper presents a new matching algorithm based on cooperative fusion of stereo and motion cues. In this algorithm, stereo disparity and image flow values are recovered from two successive pairs of stereo images by solving the stereo and motion correspondence problems. Feature points are extracted from the images as matching objects. The entire matching process composes of a network of four subprocesses (two for stereo and two for motion). Each of the subprocesses can access information from connected nodes to perform the disambiguation. The “best” matches are obtained in a relaxation manner using the 3-D continuity constraint. Experimental results are presented to illustrate the performances of the proposed method

2011-03-09

Love, A Treatise on Mathematical Theory of Elasticity (1944)(ISBN 0486601749)

Love, A Treatise on Mathematical Theory of Elasticity (1944)(ISBN 0486601749) 第一部分(共三部分)

2011-02-27

A Treatise on Mathematical Theory of Elasticity (1944)(ISBN 0486601749)

Love, A Treatise on Mathematical Theory of Elasticity (1944)(ISBN 0486601749).djvu 第二部分(共三部分)

2011-02-27

A Treatise on Mathematical Theory of Elasticity (1944)(ISBN 0486601749)

Love, A Treatise on Mathematical Theory of Elasticity (1944)(ISBN 0486601749).djvu 第三部分(共三部分)

2011-02-27

Video Tracking -- Theory and Practice

Video Tracking -- Theory and Practice Video Tracking provides a comprehensive treatment of the fundamental aspects of algorithm and application development for the task of estimating, over time, the position of objects of interest seen through cameras. Starting from the general problem definition and a review of existing and emerging video tracking applications, the book discusses popular methods, such as those based on correlation and gradient-descent. Using practical examples, the reader is introduced to the advantages and limitations of deterministic approaches, and is then guided toward more advanced video tracking solutions, such as those based on the Bayes’ recursive framework and on Random Finite Sets.

2011-02-22

Computational Vision and Medical Image Processing Recent Trends

Computational Vision and Medical Image Processing Recent Trends This book contains extended versions of papers presented at the international Conference VIPIMAGE 2009 – ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on Computational Vision and Medical Image, that was held at Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto, Portugal, from 14th to 16th of October 2009. This conference was the second ECCOMAS thematic conference on computational vision and medical image processing. It covered topics related to image processing and analysis, medical imaging and computational modelling and simulation, considering their multidisciplinary nature. The book collects the state-of-the-art research, methods and new trends on the subject of computational vision and medical image processing contributing to the development of these knowledge areas.

2011-02-22

Digital Image Processing for Medical Applications (Cambridge, 2009)

Digital Image Processing for Medical Applications (Cambridge, 2009) Image processing is a hands-on discipline, and the best way to learn is by doing. This text takes its motivation from medical applications and uses real medical images and situations to illustrate and clarify concepts and to build intuition, insight and understanding. Designed for advanced undergraduates and graduate students who will become end-users of digital image processing, it covers the basics of the major clinical imaging modalities, explaining how the images are produced and acquired. It then presents the standard image processing operations, focusing on practical issues and problem solving. Crucially, the book explains when and why particular operations are done, and practical computer-based activities show how these operations affect real images. All images, links to the public-domain software ImageJ and custom plug-ins, and selected solutions are available from www.cambridge.org/books/dougherty.

2011-02-22

On candidates selection for hysteresis thresholds in edge detection

On candidates selection for hysteresis thresholds in edge detection

2011-02-22

Robust threshold estimation for images with unimodal histograms

Robust threshold estimation for images with unimodal histograms

2011-02-22

Solving the process of hysteresis without determining the optimal thresholds

Solving the process of hysteresis without determining the optimal thresholds

2011-02-22

A high performance edge detector based on fuzzy inference rules

A high performance edge detector based on fuzzy inference rules

2011-02-22

Application of Shape Analysis Techniques for the Classification of Vehicles

Application of Shape Analysis Techniques for the Classification of Vehicles

2011-02-22

Corner Detection Algorithms for Digital Images in Last Three Decades

Corner Detection Algorithms for Digital Images in Last Three Decades

2011-02-22

Extracting Straight Lines

Extracting Straight Lines---line detection edge detection

2011-02-22

Simple Low Level Features for Image Analysis

Simple Low Level Features for Image Analysis

2011-02-22

Fast image region growing

Fast image region growing---Fast image region growing

2011-02-22

图像融合中角点检测技术研究

图像融合中角点检测技术研究--图像融合中角点检测技术研究

2011-02-22

角点检测方法研究-- 毛雁明, 兰美辉

角点检测方法研究---根据实现方法不同可将角点检测方法分为两大类:基于边缘的角点检测方法与基于灰度变化的角点检测方法,并对现有的角点检测方法作了较为详细的分析与比较,指出角点检测技术的研究与发展方向.

2011-02-22

Robust and automated unimodal histogram thresholding and potential applications

Robust and automated unimodal histogram thresholding and potential applications

2011-02-22

O天涯海阁O的留言板

发表于 2020-01-02 最后回复 2020-01-02

空空如也

TA创建的收藏夹 TA关注的收藏夹

TA关注的人 TA的粉丝

提示
确定要删除当前文章?
取消 删除