# 三块旧的铅酸电池

▲ 三块铅酸电池

# 00电池来源

## 1.电池的规格

• 6是节（格bai）数，每节电池都是由du几个小节组成，每个zhi节一般电压是2V，6节串联就组成了dao12V的电压。
• DZM——电动（D)助力(Z)免(M)维护。
• 12是——12AH，就是它的容量。

▲ 铅酸电池铭牌上的规格

## 2.电池的初始电压

BAT1BAT2BAT3
2.21.00.9

### (2) 铅酸电池充电状态和端口电压

Battery TemperatureCharge Voltage per cellCharge Voltage for a 12 Volt batteryGassing Voltage per cellGassing Voltage for a 12V battery
-20 °C *2.67 to 2.7616.02 to 16.562.9717.82
-10 °C *2.61 to 2.7015.66 to 16.22.6515.9
0 ° C *2.55 to 2.6515.3 to 15.92.5415.24
10 °C2.49 to 2.5914.94 to 15.542.4714.82
20 °C2.43 to 2.5314.58 to 15.182.41514.49
25 °C2.40 to 2.5014.40 to 15.002.3914.34
30 °C2.37 to 2.4714.22 to 14.822.36514.19
40 °C2.31 to 2.4113.86 to 14.462.3313.98
50 °C2.25 to 2.3513.5 to 14.102.3013.8

# 01电池充电

## 2.充电之后测量

BAT1BAT2BAT3
10.769.8612.32

### (2) 施加50Ω电阻后的端口电压

BAT1BAT2BAT3
7.35V5.40V11.91V

R 0 = U 0 − U 1 U 1 ⋅ R L R_0 = {{U_0 - U_1 } \over {U_1 }} \cdot R_L

BAT1BAT2BAT3
23.2Ω41.3Ω1.72Ω

VOLTCURR
11.54000.028800
11.46700.033600
11.40700.038200
11.34400.043400
11.24300.052600
11.04800.071200
10.63000.116700
10.00100.207800
9.11620.379600

▲ 电池输出电流与电压

V ( i ) = 11.6166 − 0.3474 ⋅ i V\left( i \right) = 11.6166 - 0.3474 \cdot i

R 0 = 0.3474 Ω R_0 = 0.3474\Omega

▲ 进行线性拟合的结果

# 继续单个充电

• 充电电压：14.26V，充电电流0.04A。

### 1.测量电池3伏安特性

• 时间：2020-09-27 15:49:03
VOLTCURR
12.65400.0316
12.61900.0371
12.57600.0420
12.53800.0501
12.48800.0610
12.39900.0805
12.26100.1134
12.11700.1488
11.60600.2969
ch1=[12.65,12.62,12.58,12.54,12.49,12.40,12.26,12.12,11.61,-0.00]
ch2=[0.03,0.04,0.04,0.05,0.06,0.08,0.11,0.15,0.30,-0.00]


▲ 电池端口电压与负载电流

### 2.电池内阻分析

▲ 线性拟合

V o u t = 12.7364 − 0.19556 ⋅ I V_{out} = 12.7364 - 0.19556 \cdot I

1.72Ω0.3474Ω0.19556Ω
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