poj 3186 && bzoj 1652: [Usaco2006 Feb]Treats for the Cows(DP)

1652: [Usaco2006 Feb]Treats for the Cows

Time Limit: 5 Sec   Memory Limit: 64 MB
Submit: 415   Solved: 318
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Description

FJ has purchased N (1 <= N <= 2000) yummy treats for the cows who get money for giving vast amounts of milk. FJ sells one treat per day and wants to maximize the money he receives over a given period time. The treats are interesting for many reasons: * The treats are numbered 1..N and stored sequentially in single file in a long box that is open at both ends. On any day, FJ can retrieve one treat from either end of his stash of treats. * Like fine wines and delicious cheeses, the treats improve with age and command greater prices. * The treats are not uniform: some are better and have higher intrinsic value. Treat i has value v(i) (1 <= v(i) <= 1000). * Cows pay more for treats that have aged longer: a cow will pay v(i)*a for a treat of age a. Given the values v(i) of each of the treats lined up in order of the index i in their box, what is the greatest value FJ can receive for them if he orders their sale optimally? The first treat is sold on day 1 and has age a=1. Each subsequent day increases the age by 1.

约翰经常给产奶量高的奶牛发特殊津贴,于是很快奶牛们拥有了大笔不知该怎么花的钱.为此,约翰购置了N(1≤N≤2000)份美味的零食来卖给奶牛们.每天约翰售出一份零食.当然约翰希望这些零食全部售出后能得到最大的收益.这些零食有以下这些有趣的特性:

•零食按照1..N编号,它们被排成一列放在一个很长的盒子里.盒子的两端都有开口,约翰每
  天可以从盒子的任一端取出最外面的一个.
•与美酒与好吃的奶酪相似,这些零食储存得越久就越好吃.当然,这样约翰就可以把它们卖 出更高的价钱.
  •每份零食的初始价值不一定相同.约翰进货时,第i份零食的初始价值为Vi(1≤Vi≤1000).
  •第i份零食如果在被买进后的第a天出售,则它的售价是vi×a.
  Vi的是从盒子顶端往下的第i份零食的初始价值.约翰告诉了你所有零食的初始价值,并 希望你能帮他计算一下,在这些零食全被卖出后,他最多能得到多少钱.

Input

* Line 1: A single integer,

N * Lines 2..N+1: Line i+1 contains the value of treat v(i)

Output

* Line 1: The maximum revenue FJ can achieve by selling the treats

Sample Input

5
1
3
1
5
2

Sample Output

43


kuangbin带你飞里也有

dp[i][j]表示剩下的牛是第i个到第j个时的最大价值

#include<stdio.h>
#include<string.h>
#include<algorithm>
using namespace std;
int a[2005], dp[2005][2005] = {0};
int main(void)
{
	int i, j, n, ans;
	while(scanf("%d", &n)!=EOF)
	{
		memset(dp, 0, sizeof(dp));
		for(i=1;i<=n;i++)
			scanf("%d", &a[i]);
		for(i=1;i<=n;i++)
		{
			for(j=n;j>=i;j--)
			{
				if(i!=1)
					dp[i][j] = max(dp[i][j], dp[i-1][j]+a[i-1]*(n-j+i-1));
				if(j!=n)
					dp[i][j] = max(dp[i][j], dp[i][j+1]+a[j+1]*(n-j+i-1));
			}
		}
		ans = 0;
		for(i=1;i<=n;i++)
			ans = max(ans, dp[i][i]+a[i]*n);
		printf("%d\n", ans);
	}
	return 0;
}


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