Unity编程笔记----音效管理器

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/LONERrain/article/details/77541211

游戏世界里离不开各种酷炫的音效,把这些音效集中起来进行管理是每个项目必须要做的事情. 分享一下自用的SoundMgr(适用于大多Unity项目)

整体思路:
SoundMgr脚本被调用时,自动执行继承的 _onInit()方法,new一个 SoundMgr,并进行初始化.

1 创建一个单例类.

using UnityEngine;
using System.Collections;
public class Singleton<T> where T : class, new()
{
    private static object _syncobj = new object();
    public static volatile T _Instance = null;
    public static T Get()
    {
        if (_Instance == null)
        {
            lock (_syncobj)
            {
                if (_Instance == null)
                {
                    _Instance = new T();
                }
            }
        }
        return _Instance;
    }
    protected Singleton()
    {
        _onInit();
    }
    virtual protected void _onInit() { }
}

2 SoundMgr继承该单例类.

using UnityEngine;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class SoundMgr : Singleton<SoundMgr>
{
    public bool enabled
    {
        get { return _bEnabled; }
        set
        {
            _bEnabled = value;
            if (_bEnabled == false)
            {
                StopAllSounds();
            }
        }
    }
    protected bool _bEnabled;

    protected const int MAX_SOURCE = 20;

    protected AudioSource[] _arrSources;

    protected float _fDefaultVol = 0.5f;

    protected Dictionary<string, AudioClip> _audioClips;

    public void LoadSounds(string path)
    {
        var clips = Resources.LoadAll<AudioClip>(path);

        foreach (var clip in clips)
        {
            _audioClips.Add(clip.name, clip);
        }
    }

    public void UnloadAllSounds()
    {
        _audioClips.Clear();
        StopAllSounds();

        Resources.UnloadUnusedAssets();
    }

    public void SetVolume(int i, float newVol)
    {
        try
        {
            _arrSources[i].volume = newVol;
        }
        catch (System.Exception e)
        {
            Debug.LogWarning(e.Message);
        }
    }

    public void SetVolume(AudioClip c, float newVol)
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < _arrSources.Length; i++)
        {
            AudioSource s = _arrSources[i];
            if (s.clip == c)
            {
                s.volume = newVol;
            }
        }
    }

    public void SetVolume(string soundName, float newVol)
    {
        AudioClip ac = GetClip(soundName);
        for (int i = 0; i < _arrSources.Length; i++)
        {
            AudioSource s = _arrSources[i];
            if (s.clip == ac)
            {
                s.volume = newVol;
            }
        }
    }

    public int PlayClip(string soundName, bool loop = false)
    {
        Debug.Assert(_audioClips.ContainsKey(soundName));
        AudioClip clip = _audioClips[soundName];

        return PlayClip(clip, loop);
    }

    public int PlayClip(string soundName, float vol, bool loop = false)
    {
        Debug.Assert(_audioClips.ContainsKey(soundName));
        AudioClip clip = _audioClips[soundName];
        return PlayClip(clip, vol, loop);
    }

    public AudioClip GetClip(string soundName)
    {
        Debug.Assert(_audioClips.ContainsKey(soundName));
        AudioClip clip = _audioClips[soundName];
        return clip;
    }

    public int PlayClip(AudioClip c, bool loop = false)
    {
        Debug.Assert(c != null);
        if (!_bEnabled) return -1;

        for (int i = 0; i < _arrSources.Length; i++)
        {
            AudioSource s = _arrSources[i];
            if (!s.isPlaying)
            {
                s.clip = c;
                s.loop = loop;
                s.Play();
                SetVolume(i, _fDefaultVol);
                return i;
            }
        }
        return -1;
    }

    public int PlayClip(AudioClip c, float vol, bool loop = false)
    {
        Debug.Assert(c != null);
        if (!_bEnabled) return -1;
        for (int i = 0; i < _arrSources.Length; i++)
        {
            AudioSource s = _arrSources[i];
            if (!s.isPlaying)
            {
                s.clip = c;
                s.loop = loop;
                s.Play();
                SetVolume(i, vol);
                return i;
            }
        }
        return -1;
    }

    public int PlayClip(AudioClip c, int mask, bool loop)
    {
        if (!_bEnabled) return -1;

        for (int i = 0; i < _arrSources.Length; i++)
        {
            if ((mask & (1 << i)) > 0 && !_arrSources[i].isPlaying)
            {
                _arrSources[i].clip = c;
                _arrSources[i].loop = loop;
                _arrSources[i].Play();
                //SetVolume(i, 1.0f);
                return i;
            }
        }
        return -1;
    }

    public void StopClip(AudioClip c)
    {
        foreach (AudioSource s in _arrSources)
        {
            if (s.clip == c && s.isPlaying)
            {
                s.Stop();
                s.clip = null;
            }
        }
    }

    public void StopAllSounds()
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < _arrSources.Length; i++)
        {
            _arrSources[i].Stop();
            _arrSources[i].clip = null;
        }
    }

    public void StopChannel(int i)
    {
        _arrSources[i].Stop();
    }

    public void PauseChannel(int i)
    {
        if (_arrSources[i].isPlaying)
            _arrSources[i].Pause();
    }

    public void ResumeChannel(int i)
    {
        if (!_arrSources[i].isPlaying)
            _arrSources[i].UnPause();
    }

    private void _init(GameObject gameObject)
    {
        _bEnabled = true;
        if (gameObject.GetComponent<AudioListener>() == null) gameObject.AddComponent<AudioListener>();

        _arrSources = new AudioSource[MAX_SOURCE];

        for (int i = 0; i < _arrSources.Length; i++)
        {
            _arrSources[i] = (AudioSource)gameObject.AddComponent(typeof(AudioSource));
        }

        _audioClips = new Dictionary<string, AudioClip>();
        soundMgrGmObj = gameObject;
    }

    public GameObject soundMgrGmObj = null;
    ////设置播放音量大小
    public void ChangeValue(float newValue)
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < _arrSources.Length; i++)
        {
            SetVolume(i, newValue);
        }
    }

    public void SetActive(bool bFlag)
    {
        AudioListener.volume = bFlag ? 1 : 0;
    }

    override protected void _onInit()
    {
        var soundMgrGameObj = new GameObject("SoundMgr");
        GameObject.DontDestroyOnLoad(soundMgrGameObj);
        _init(soundMgrGameObj);
    }
}

3 SoundName脚本, 对应音频文件的名字. 音频文件放在Resources/SoundRes 文件夹下.

using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using UnityEngine;
public class SoundName
{
    public const string BackGround1 = "BG1";
    public const string BackGround2 = "BG2"; 
}

4 Unity工程里新建一个SoundObject
Start() 方法里添加如下代码

void Start()
    {
        SoundMgr.Get().LoadSounds("SoundRes");
        Destroy(this.gameObject);
        SoundMgr.Get().PlayClip(SoundName.BG2, true);
    }

5 常用方法:
设置音量: SoundMgr.Get().ChangeValue(1.0f);
播放声音: SoundMgr.Get().PlayClip(“BG1”);
循环播放: SoundMgr.Get().PlayClip(“BG1”,true);
停止播放所有声音: SoundMgr.Get().StopAllSounds();
获取某个声音: SoundMgr.Get().GetClip(SoundName.BackGround2);
停止播放某个声音:
SoundMgr.Get().StopClip(SoundMgr.Get().GetClip(SoundName.BG1));

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