# Pyecharts3D图：常见的3D图

18 篇文章 11 订阅

## 一、3D柱状图

### 1. 穿孔卡片

import pyecharts.options as opts
from pyecharts.charts import Bar3D

"""
Gallery 使用 pyecharts 1.1.0

1、光照和阴影暂时无法设置
"""

hours = [
"12a",
"1a",
"2a",
"3a",
"4a",
"5a",
"6a",
"7a",
"8a",
"9a",
"10a",
"11a",
"12p",
"1p",
"2p",
"3p",
"4p",
"5p",
"6p",
"7p",
"8p",
"9p",
"10p",
"11p",
]
days = ["Saturday", "Friday", "Thursday", "Wednesday", "Tuesday", "Monday", "Sunday"]

data = [
[0, 0, 5],
[0, 1, 1],
[0, 2, 0],
[0, 3, 0],
[0, 4, 0],
[0, 5, 0],
[0, 6, 0],
[0, 7, 0],
[0, 8, 0],
[0, 9, 0],
[0, 10, 0],
[0, 11, 2],
[0, 12, 4],
[0, 13, 1],
[0, 14, 1],
[0, 15, 3],
[0, 16, 4],
[0, 17, 6],
[0, 18, 4],
[0, 19, 4],
[0, 20, 3],
[0, 21, 3],
[0, 22, 2],
[0, 23, 5],
[1, 0, 7],
[1, 1, 0],
[1, 2, 0],
[1, 3, 0],
[1, 4, 0],
[1, 5, 0],
[1, 6, 0],
[1, 7, 0],
[1, 8, 0],
[1, 9, 0],
[1, 10, 5],
[1, 11, 2],
[1, 12, 2],
[1, 13, 6],
[1, 14, 9],
[1, 15, 11],
[1, 16, 6],
[1, 17, 7],
[1, 18, 8],
[1, 19, 12],
[1, 20, 5],
[1, 21, 5],
[1, 22, 7],
[1, 23, 2],
[2, 0, 1],
[2, 1, 1],
[2, 2, 0],
[2, 3, 0],
[2, 4, 0],
[2, 5, 0],
[2, 6, 0],
[2, 7, 0],
[2, 8, 0],
[2, 9, 0],
[2, 10, 3],
[2, 11, 2],
[2, 12, 1],
[2, 13, 9],
[2, 14, 8],
[2, 15, 10],
[2, 16, 6],
[2, 17, 5],
[2, 18, 5],
[2, 19, 5],
[2, 20, 7],
[2, 21, 4],
[2, 22, 2],
[2, 23, 4],
[3, 0, 7],
[3, 1, 3],
[3, 2, 0],
[3, 3, 0],
[3, 4, 0],
[3, 5, 0],
[3, 6, 0],
[3, 7, 0],
[3, 8, 1],
[3, 9, 0],
[3, 10, 5],
[3, 11, 4],
[3, 12, 7],
[3, 13, 14],
[3, 14, 13],
[3, 15, 12],
[3, 16, 9],
[3, 17, 5],
[3, 18, 5],
[3, 19, 10],
[3, 20, 6],
[3, 21, 4],
[3, 22, 4],
[3, 23, 1],
[4, 0, 1],
[4, 1, 3],
[4, 2, 0],
[4, 3, 0],
[4, 4, 0],
[4, 5, 1],
[4, 6, 0],
[4, 7, 0],
[4, 8, 0],
[4, 9, 2],
[4, 10, 4],
[4, 11, 4],
[4, 12, 2],
[4, 13, 4],
[4, 14, 4],
[4, 15, 14],
[4, 16, 12],
[4, 17, 1],
[4, 18, 8],
[4, 19, 5],
[4, 20, 3],
[4, 21, 7],
[4, 22, 3],
[4, 23, 0],
[5, 0, 2],
[5, 1, 1],
[5, 2, 0],
[5, 3, 3],
[5, 4, 0],
[5, 5, 0],
[5, 6, 0],
[5, 7, 0],
[5, 8, 2],
[5, 9, 0],
[5, 10, 4],
[5, 11, 1],
[5, 12, 5],
[5, 13, 10],
[5, 14, 5],
[5, 15, 7],
[5, 16, 11],
[5, 17, 6],
[5, 18, 0],
[5, 19, 5],
[5, 20, 3],
[5, 21, 4],
[5, 22, 2],
[5, 23, 0],
[6, 0, 1],
[6, 1, 0],
[6, 2, 0],
[6, 3, 0],
[6, 4, 0],
[6, 5, 0],
[6, 6, 0],
[6, 7, 0],
[6, 8, 0],
[6, 9, 0],
[6, 10, 1],
[6, 11, 0],
[6, 12, 2],
[6, 13, 1],
[6, 14, 3],
[6, 15, 4],
[6, 16, 0],
[6, 17, 0],
[6, 18, 0],
[6, 19, 0],
[6, 20, 1],
[6, 21, 2],
[6, 22, 2],
[6, 23, 6],
]
data = [[d[1], d[0], d[2]] for d in data]

(
Bar3D(init_opts=opts.InitOpts(width="1600px", height="800px"))
series_name="",
data=data,
xaxis3d_opts=opts.Axis3DOpts(type_="category", data=hours),
yaxis3d_opts=opts.Axis3DOpts(type_="category", data=days),
zaxis3d_opts=opts.Axis3DOpts(type_="value"),
)
.set_global_opts(
visualmap_opts=opts.VisualMapOpts(
max_=20,
range_color=[
"#313695",
"#4575b4",
"#abd9e9",
"#e0f3f8",
"#ffffbf",
"#fee090",
"#fdae61",
"#f46d43",
"#d73027",
"#a50026",
],
)
)
.render("bar3d_punch_card.html")
)



### 2. 堆砌图

import random

from pyecharts import options as opts
from pyecharts.charts import Bar3D

x_data = y_data = list(range(10))

def generate_data():
data = []
for j in range(10):
for k in range(10):
value = random.randint(0, 9)
data.append([j, k, value * 2 + 4])
return data

bar3d = Bar3D()
for _ in range(10):
"",
generate_data(),
xaxis3d_opts=opts.Axis3DOpts(data=x_data, type_="value"),
yaxis3d_opts=opts.Axis3DOpts(data=y_data, type_="value"),
zaxis3d_opts=opts.Axis3DOpts(type_="value"),
)
bar3d.set_global_opts(title_opts=opts.TitleOpts("Bar3D-堆叠柱状图示例"))
bar3d.set_series_opts(**{"stack": "stack"})
bar3d.render("bar3d_stack.html")



：小伙伴们最好还是去画一画，会比较有意思，可以自己改改参数啥的。

## 二、3D折线图

### 1. 自转图

import math

from pyecharts import options as opts
from pyecharts.charts import Line3D
from pyecharts.faker import Faker

data = []
for t in range(0, 25000):
_t = t / 1000
x = (1 + 0.25 * math.cos(75 * _t)) * math.cos(_t)
y = (1 + 0.25 * math.cos(75 * _t)) * math.sin(_t)
z = _t + 2.0 * math.sin(75 * _t)
data.append([x, y, z])
c = (
Line3D()
"",
data,
xaxis3d_opts=opts.Axis3DOpts(Faker.clock, type_="value"),
yaxis3d_opts=opts.Axis3DOpts(Faker.week_en, type_="value"),
grid3d_opts=opts.Grid3DOpts(
width=100, depth=100, rotate_speed=150, is_rotate=True
),
)
.set_global_opts(
visualmap_opts=opts.VisualMapOpts(
max_=30, min_=0, range_color=Faker.visual_color
),
title_opts=opts.TitleOpts(title="Line3D-旋转的弹簧"),
)
.render("line3d_autorotate.html")
)



：这个一定要去画出来看看，截图不动显得不好看，实际上会动的，很有意思。

### 2. 正交投影

import math

import pyecharts.options as opts
from pyecharts.charts import Line3D

week_en = "Saturday Friday Thursday Wednesday Tuesday Monday Sunday".split()
clock = (
"12a 1a 2a 3a 4a 5a 6a 7a 8a 9a 10a 11a 12p "
"1p 2p 3p 4p 5p 6p 7p 8p 9p 10p 11p".split()
)

data = []
for t in range(0, 25000):
_t = t / 1000
x = (1 + 0.25 * math.cos(75 * _t)) * math.cos(_t)
y = (1 + 0.25 * math.cos(75 * _t)) * math.sin(_t)
z = _t + 2.0 * math.sin(75 * _t)
data.append([x, y, z])

(
Line3D()
"",
data,
xaxis3d_opts=opts.Axis3DOpts(data=clock, type_="value"),
yaxis3d_opts=opts.Axis3DOpts(data=week_en, type_="value"),
grid3d_opts=opts.Grid3DOpts(width=100, height=100, depth=100),
)
.set_global_opts(
visualmap_opts=opts.VisualMapOpts(
dimension=2,
max_=30,
min_=0,
range_color=[
"#313695",
"#4575b4",
"#abd9e9",
"#e0f3f8",
"#ffffbf",
"#fee090",
"#fdae61",
"#f46d43",
"#d73027",
"#a50026",
],
)
)
.render("line3d_rectangular_projection.html")
)



：这个也是，画出来才有意思，静态的没什么感觉。

## 三、3D散点图

import asyncio
from aiohttp import TCPConnector, ClientSession

import pyecharts.options as opts
from pyecharts.charts import Scatter3D

"""
Gallery 使用 pyecharts 1.1.0

1、暂时无法对 Grid3D 设置 轴线和轴坐标的 style (非白色背景下有问题)
"""

async def get_json_data(url: str) -> dict:
async with ClientSession(connector=TCPConnector(ssl=False)) as session:
async with session.get(url=url) as response:
return await response.json()

# 获取官方的数据
data = asyncio.run(
get_json_data(
url="https://echarts.apache.org/examples/data/asset/data/nutrients.json"
)
)

# 列名映射
field_indices = {
"calcium": 3,
"calories": 12,
"carbohydrate": 8,
"fat": 10,
"fiber": 5,
"group": 1,
"id": 16,
"monounsat": 14,
"name": 0,
"polyunsat": 15,
"potassium": 7,
"protein": 2,
"saturated": 13,
"sodium": 4,
"sugars": 9,
"vitaminc": 6,
"water": 11,
}

# 配置 config
config_xAxis3D = "protein"
config_yAxis3D = "fiber"
config_zAxis3D = "sodium"
config_color = "fiber"
config_symbolSize = "vitaminc"

# 构造数据
data = [
[
item[field_indices[config_xAxis3D]],
item[field_indices[config_yAxis3D]],
item[field_indices[config_zAxis3D]],
item[field_indices[config_color]],
item[field_indices[config_symbolSize]],
index,
]
for index, item in enumerate(data)
]

(
Scatter3D(
init_opts=opts.InitOpts(width="1440px", height="720px")
)  # bg_color="black"
series_name="",
data=data,
xaxis3d_opts=opts.Axis3DOpts(
name=config_xAxis3D,
type_="value",
# textstyle_opts=opts.TextStyleOpts(color="#fff"),
),
yaxis3d_opts=opts.Axis3DOpts(
name=config_yAxis3D,
type_="value",
# textstyle_opts=opts.TextStyleOpts(color="#fff"),
),
zaxis3d_opts=opts.Axis3DOpts(
name=config_zAxis3D,
type_="value",
# textstyle_opts=opts.TextStyleOpts(color="#fff"),
),
grid3d_opts=opts.Grid3DOpts(width=100, height=100, depth=100),
)
.set_global_opts(
visualmap_opts=[
opts.VisualMapOpts(
type_="color",
is_calculable=True,
dimension=3,
pos_top="10",
max_=79 / 2,
range_color=[
"#1710c0",
"#0b9df0",
"#00fea8",
"#00ff0d",
"#f5f811",
"#f09a09",
"#fe0300",
],
),
opts.VisualMapOpts(
type_="size",
is_calculable=True,
dimension=4,
pos_bottom="10",
max_=2.4 / 2,
range_size=[10, 40],
),
]
)
.render("scatter3d.html")
)



## 四、3D曲面图

import math
from typing import Union

import pyecharts.options as opts
from pyecharts.charts import Surface3D

"""
Gallery 使用 pyecharts 1.1.0

1、暂时无法设置光滑表面 wireframe
2、暂时无法把 visualmap 进行隐藏
"""

def float_range(start: int, end: int, step: Union[int, float], round_number: int = 2):
"""
浮点数 range
:param start: 起始值
:param end: 结束值
:param step: 步长
:param round_number: 精度
:return: 返回一个 list
"""
temp = []
while True:
if start < end:
temp.append(round(start, round_number))
start += step
else:
break
return temp

def surface3d_data():
for t0 in float_range(-3, 3, 0.05):
y = t0
for t1 in float_range(-3, 3, 0.05):
x = t1
z = math.sin(x ** 2 + y ** 2) * x / 3.14
yield [x, y, z]

(
Surface3D(init_opts=opts.InitOpts(width="1600px", height="800px"))
series_name="",
data=list(surface3d_data()),
xaxis3d_opts=opts.Axis3DOpts(type_="value"),
yaxis3d_opts=opts.Axis3DOpts(type_="value"),
grid3d_opts=opts.Grid3DOpts(width=100, height=40, depth=100),
)
.set_global_opts(
visualmap_opts=opts.VisualMapOpts(
dimension=2,
max_=1,
min_=-1,
range_color=[
"#313695",
"#4575b4",
"#abd9e9",
"#e0f3f8",
"#ffffbf",
"#fee090",
"#fdae61",
"#f46d43",
"#d73027",
"#a50026",
],
)
)
.render("surface_wave.html")
)



：这其实就是一个数学上的方程，看起来还有点可怕，哈哈。

## 五、3D地图

### 1. 3D大陆+折线图

from pyecharts import options as opts
from pyecharts.charts import Map3D
from pyecharts.globals import ChartType

example_data = [
[[119.107078, 36.70925, 1000], [116.587245, 35.415393, 1000]],
[[117.000923, 36.675807], [120.355173, 36.082982]],
[[118.047648, 36.814939], [118.66471, 37.434564]],
[[121.391382, 37.539297], [119.107078, 36.70925]],
[[116.587245, 35.415393], [122.116394, 37.509691]],
[[119.461208, 35.428588], [118.326443, 35.065282]],
[[116.307428, 37.453968], [115.469381, 35.246531]],
]
c = (
Map3D()
maptype="山东",
itemstyle_opts=opts.ItemStyleOpts(
color="rgb(5,101,123)",
opacity=1,
border_width=0.8,
border_color="rgb(62,215,213)",
),
light_opts=opts.Map3DLightOpts(
main_color="#fff",
main_intensity=1.2,
main_alpha=55,
main_beta=10,
ambient_intensity=0.3,
),
view_control_opts=opts.Map3DViewControlOpts(center=[-10, 0, 10]),
post_effect_opts=opts.Map3DPostEffectOpts(is_enable=False),
)
series_name="",
data_pair=example_data,
type_=ChartType.LINES3D,
effect=opts.Lines3DEffectOpts(
is_show=True,
period=4,
trail_width=3,
trail_length=0.5,
trail_color="#f00",
trail_opacity=1,
),
linestyle_opts=opts.LineStyleOpts(is_show=False, color="#fff", opacity=0),
)
.set_global_opts(title_opts=opts.TitleOpts(title="Map3D-Lines3D"))
.render("map3d_with_lines3d.html")
)



：一定要去画画看，很有既视感。

### 2. 3D大陆+散点图

from pyecharts import options as opts
from pyecharts.charts import Map3D
from pyecharts.globals import ChartType
from pyecharts.commons.utils import JsCode

example_data = [
("黑龙江", [127.9688, 45.368, 100]),
("内蒙古", [110.3467, 41.4899, 100]),
("吉林", [125.8154, 44.2584, 100]),
("辽宁", [123.1238, 42.1216, 100]),
("河北", [114.4995, 38.1006, 100]),
("天津", [117.4219, 39.4189, 100]),
("山西", [112.3352, 37.9413, 100]),
("陕西", [109.1162, 34.2004, 100]),
("甘肃", [103.5901, 36.3043, 100]),
("宁夏", [106.3586, 38.1775, 100]),
("青海", [101.4038, 36.8207, 100]),
("新疆", [87.9236, 43.5883, 100]),
("西藏", [91.11, 29.97, 100]),
("四川", [103.9526, 30.7617, 100]),
("重庆", [108.384366, 30.439702, 100]),
("山东", [117.1582, 36.8701, 100]),
("河南", [113.4668, 34.6234, 100]),
("江苏", [118.8062, 31.9208, 100]),
("安徽", [117.29, 32.0581, 100]),
("湖北", [114.3896, 30.6628, 100]),
("浙江", [119.5313, 29.8773, 100]),
("福建", [119.4543, 25.9222, 100]),
("江西", [116.0046, 28.6633, 100]),
("湖南", [113.0823, 28.2568, 100]),
("贵州", [106.6992, 26.7682, 100]),
("广西", [108.479, 23.1152, 100]),
("海南", [110.3893, 19.8516, 100]),
("上海", [121.4648, 31.2891, 100]),
]

c = (
Map3D()
itemstyle_opts=opts.ItemStyleOpts(
color="rgb(5,101,123)",
opacity=1,
border_width=0.8,
border_color="rgb(62,215,213)",
),
map3d_label=opts.Map3DLabelOpts(
is_show=False,
formatter=JsCode("function(data){return data.name + " " + data.value[2];}"),
),
emphasis_label_opts=opts.LabelOpts(
is_show=False,
color="#fff",
font_size=10,
background_color="rgba(0,23,11,0)",
),
light_opts=opts.Map3DLightOpts(
main_color="#fff",
main_intensity=1.2,
main_beta=10,
ambient_intensity=0.3,
),
)
series_name="Scatter3D",
data_pair=example_data,
type_=ChartType.SCATTER3D,
bar_size=1,
label_opts=opts.LabelOpts(
is_show=False,
formatter=JsCode("function(data){return data.name + ' ' + data.value[2];}"),
),
)
.set_global_opts(title_opts=opts.TitleOpts(title="Map3D-Scatter3D"))
.render("map3d_with_scatter3d.html")
)



### 3. 3D大陆+柱状图

from pyecharts import options as opts
from pyecharts.charts import Map3D
from pyecharts.globals import ChartType
from pyecharts.commons.utils import JsCode

example_data = [
("黑龙江", [127.9688, 45.368, 100]),
("内蒙古", [110.3467, 41.4899, 300]),
("吉林", [125.8154, 44.2584, 300]),
("辽宁", [123.1238, 42.1216, 300]),
("河北", [114.4995, 38.1006, 300]),
("天津", [117.4219, 39.4189, 300]),
("山西", [112.3352, 37.9413, 300]),
("陕西", [109.1162, 34.2004, 300]),
("甘肃", [103.5901, 36.3043, 300]),
("宁夏", [106.3586, 38.1775, 300]),
("青海", [101.4038, 36.8207, 300]),
("新疆", [87.9236, 43.5883, 300]),
("西藏", [91.11, 29.97, 300]),
("四川", [103.9526, 30.7617, 300]),
("重庆", [108.384366, 30.439702, 300]),
("山东", [117.1582, 36.8701, 300]),
("河南", [113.4668, 34.6234, 300]),
("江苏", [118.8062, 31.9208, 300]),
("安徽", [117.29, 32.0581, 300]),
("湖北", [114.3896, 30.6628, 300]),
("浙江", [119.5313, 29.8773, 300]),
("福建", [119.4543, 25.9222, 300]),
("江西", [116.0046, 28.6633, 300]),
("湖南", [113.0823, 28.2568, 300]),
("贵州", [106.6992, 26.7682, 300]),
("广西", [108.479, 23.1152, 300]),
("海南", [110.3893, 19.8516, 300]),
("上海", [121.4648, 31.2891, 1300]),
]

c = (
Map3D()
itemstyle_opts=opts.ItemStyleOpts(
color="rgb(5,101,123)",
opacity=1,
border_width=0.8,
border_color="rgb(62,215,213)",
),
map3d_label=opts.Map3DLabelOpts(
is_show=False,
formatter=JsCode("function(data){return data.name + " " + data.value[2];}"),
),
emphasis_label_opts=opts.LabelOpts(
is_show=False,
color="#fff",
font_size=10,
background_color="rgba(0,23,11,0)",
),
light_opts=opts.Map3DLightOpts(
main_color="#fff",
main_intensity=1.2,
main_beta=10,
ambient_intensity=0.3,
),
)
series_name="bar3D",
data_pair=example_data,
type_=ChartType.BAR3D,
bar_size=1,
label_opts=opts.LabelOpts(
is_show=False,
formatter=JsCode("function(data){return data.name + ' ' + data.value[2];}"),
),
)
.set_global_opts(title_opts=opts.TitleOpts(title="Map3D-Bar3D"))
.render("map3d_with_bar3d.html")
)



### 4. 全国行政区

from pyecharts import options as opts
from pyecharts.charts import Map3D
from pyecharts.globals import ChartType

c = (
Map3D()
itemstyle_opts=opts.ItemStyleOpts(
color="rgb(5,101,123)",
opacity=1,
border_width=0.8,
border_color="rgb(62,215,213)",
),
map3d_label=opts.Map3DLabelOpts(
is_show=True,
text_style=opts.TextStyleOpts(
color="#fff", font_size=16, background_color="rgba(0,0,0,0)"
),
),
emphasis_label_opts=opts.LabelOpts(is_show=True),
light_opts=opts.Map3DLightOpts(
main_color="#fff",
main_intensity=1.2,
main_alpha=55,
main_beta=10,
ambient_intensity=0.3,
),
)
.set_global_opts(
title_opts=opts.TitleOpts(title="全国行政区划地图-Base"),
visualmap_opts=opts.VisualMapOpts(is_show=False),
tooltip_opts=opts.TooltipOpts(is_show=True),
)
.render("map3d_china_base.html")
)



：一定要去画一画，这样3D大图才有意思。

## 总结

• 4
点赞
• 31
收藏
觉得还不错? 一键收藏
• 1
评论
06-24 338
03-01 492
07-23 333
01-17 2118
08-27 331
01-10 2853

1.余额是钱包充值的虚拟货币，按照1:1的比例进行支付金额的抵扣。
2.余额无法直接购买下载，可以购买VIP、付费专栏及课程。