# 机器学习--BP神经网络的C++实现

#include <iostream>
#include <cstdlib>
#include <ctime>
#include <cmath>
using namespace std;

#define  innode 3  //输入结点数
#define  outnode 1 //输出结点数
#define  trainsample 8//BP训练样本数
#define  INF 99999999 //定义无穷大

//初始化权值
void initialValue(double **weight1,double **weight2,double *bias1,double *bias2,int n1,int n2,int n3)
{
for(int i=0; i<n1; i++)
{
for(int j=0; j<n2; j++)
{
//用来设置rand()产生随机数时的随机数种子。参数seed必须是个整数，如果每次seed都设相同值，rand()所产生的随机数值每次就会一样
srand(time(NULL));
weight1[i][j]=rand()%100/(100.0);
}
}
for(int i=0; i<n2; i++)
{
for(int j=0; j<n3; j++)
{
srand(time(NULL));
weight2[i][j]=rand()%100/(100.0);
}
}
for(int i=0; i<n2; i++)
{
srand(time(NULL));
bias1[i]=rand()%100/(100.0);
}
for(int i=0; i<n3; i++)
{
srand(time(NULL));
bias2[i]=rand()%100/(100.0);
}
}

double sigmoid(double x)
{
return 1/(1+exp(-x));
}

//计算样本实际输出
void  computeY(double **weight1,double **weight2,double *bias1,double *bias2,int n1,int n2,int n3,double X[innode],double predictY[outnode],double *hideY)
{
double sum=0;

//计算隐层输出
for(int i=0; i<n2; i++)
{
for(int j=0; j<n1; j++)
{
sum += weight1[j][i]*X[j];
}
sum=sigmoid(sum-bias1[i]);
hideY[i]=sum;
}
sum=0;
//计算最后一层输出
for(int i=0; i<n3; i++)
{
for(int j=0; j<n2; j++)
{
sum += weight2[j][i]*hideY[i];
}
sum=sigmoid(sum-bias2[i]);
predictY[i]=sum;
}
}
//计算输出神经元的梯度
void computeOutputDY(int n3,double predictY[outnode],double Y[outnode],double *outputDweight)
{
for(int i=0; i<n3; i++)
{
outputDweight[i]=predictY[i]*(1-predictY[i])*(Y[i]-predictY[i]);
}

}

//计算隐藏神经元的梯度
void computeHideDY(double **weight2,int n2,int n3,double *hideY,double *outputDweight,double *hideDweight)
{
for(int i=0; i<n2; i++)
{
double sum=0;
for(int j=0; j<n3; j++)
{
sum+=weight2[i][j]*outputDweight[j];
}
hideDweight[i]=hideY[i]*(1-hideY[i])*sum;
}
}

//更新权值
void updateWeight(double **weight1,double **weight2,double *bias1,double *bias2,int n1,int n2,int n3,double X[innode],double *hideY,double *outputDweight,double *hideDweight,double ratio)
{
for(int i=0; i<n1; i++)
{
for(int j=0; j<n2; j++)
{
weight1[i][j]+=ratio*hideDweight[j]*X[i];
}
}
for(int i=0; i<n2; i++)
{
for(int j=0; j<n3; j++)
{
weight2[i][j]+=ratio*outputDweight[j]*hideY[i];
}
}
for(int i=0; i<n2; i++)
{
bias1[i]-=ratio*hideDweight[i];
}
for(int i=0; i<n3; i++)
{
bias2[i]-=ratio*outputDweight[i];
}
}
//计算均方误差
double computeError(double predictY[outnode],double Y[outnode],int n)
{
double error=0.0;
for(int i=0; i<n; i++)
{
error += ((predictY[i]-Y[i])*(predictY[i]-Y[i]));
}
return error;
}
int main()
{
//三层神经网络，各层的维度
int n1=0,n2=0,n3=0;
cout<<"输入各层的维度：";
cin>>n1>>n2>>n3;

//输入层与隐层的连接权n1xn2，隐层与输出层的连接权n2xn3
double **weight1=new double*[n1];
for(int i=0;i<n1;i++)
weight1[i]=new double[n2];

double **weight2=new double*[n2];
for(int i=0;i<n2;i++)
weight2[i]=new double[n3];

//隐藏层的梯度项，输出层的梯度项
double *outputDweight = new double[n3];
double *hideDweight = new double[n2];

//隐层的偏置，输出层的偏置
double *bias1 = new double[n2];
double *bias2 = new double[n3];

//输入样本  n1=3,n3=1
double X[trainsample][innode]= {{0,0,0},{0,0,1},{0,1,0},{0,1,1},{1,0,0},{1,0,1},{1,1,0},{1,1,1}};
//期望输出样本
double Y[trainsample][outnode]={{0},{0.1429},{0.2857},{0.4286},{0.5714},{0.7143},{0.8571},{1.0000}};

//实际输出样本
double **predictY=new double*[trainsample];
for(int i=0;i<trainsample;i++)
predictY[i]=new double[outnode];

//隐层输出样本
double *hideY=new double[n2];

//权值，偏置初始化
initialValue(weight1,weight2,bias1,bias2,n1,n2,n3);

double error=INF;
//学习率
double ratio=0.5;

while(error>0.005)
{
error=0.0;
for(int i=0; i<trainsample; i++)
{
//计算输出层的值
computeY(weight1,weight2,bias1,bias2,n1,n2,n3,X[i],predictY[i],hideY);
//计算输出层的梯度项
computeOutputDY(n3,predictY[i],Y[i],outputDweight);
//计算隐层的梯度项
computeHideDY(weight2,n2,n3,hideY,outputDweight,hideDweight);
//更新权值
updateWeight(weight1,weight2,bias1,bias2,n1,n2,n3,X[i],hideY,outputDweight,hideDweight,ratio);
//计算均方误差
error += computeError(predictY[i],Y[i],outnode);
}
error=0.5*error;
}

//输出网络的输出与实际输出的对应
for(int i=0; i<trainsample; i++)
{
for(int j=0; j<outnode; j++)
{
cout<<"predictY[i][j]::"<<predictY[i][j]<<"----"<<"Y[i][j]::"<<Y[i][j]<<endl;
}
}

//释放空间
for(int i=0;i<n1;i++)
{
delete []  weight1[i];
}
for(int i=0;i<n2;i++)
{
delete []  weight2[i];
}

delete [] weight1;
delete [] weight2;
delete [] bias1;
delete [] bias2;
}

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