HDU - 1398 Square Coins (母函数)

People in Silverland use square coins. Not only they have square shapes but also their values are square numbers. Coins with values of all square numbers up to 289 (=17^2), i.e., 1-credit coins, 4-credit coins, 9-credit coins, ..., and 289-credit coins, are available in Silverland.
There are four combinations of coins to pay ten credits:

ten 1-credit coins,
one 4-credit coin and six 1-credit coins,
two 4-credit coins and two 1-credit coins, and
one 9-credit coin and one 1-credit coin.

Your mission is to count the number of ways to pay a given amount using coins of Silverland.
InputThe input consists of lines each containing an integer meaning an amount to be paid, followed by a line containing a zero. You may assume that all the amounts are positive and less than 300.
OutputFor each of the given amount, one line containing a single integer representing the number of combinations of coins should be output. No other characters should appear in the output.
Sample Input
2
10
30
0
Sample Output
1
4
27

10    4种方案

1+9

1+1+....+1(10个)

4+1+.....+1(6个)

4+4+1+1

解：c1[i]=j代表的是组成i的方案有j种，c2的意义和c1相同，不过c2是再引入1个新的元素后，方案的变化，然后我们把c2的值赋给c1，c2重新归零

0 :   c2[0]+=c1[0]     c2[4]+=c1[0]     c2[8]+=c1[0]

1:    c2[1]+=c1[1]    c2[5]+=c1[1]    c2[9]+=c1[1]

2 :    c2[2]+=c1[2]   c2[6]+=c1[2]  c2[10]+=c1[2]

............

0：c2[0]+=c1[0]   c2[9]+=c1[0]

............

#include<stdio.h>
#include<algorithm>
#include<string.h>
#include<iostream>
#include<math.h>
#include<queue>
#include<map>
#include<vector>
#include<set>
using namespace std;
#define inf 0x3f3f3f3f
#define ll long long
int c1[330],c2[330];
int main()
{
int n;
while(~scanf("%d",&n)&&n)
{
for(int i=0;i<=n;i++)//元素 1 的情况
{
c1[i]=1;
c2[i]=0;
}
for(int i=2;i*i<=n;i++)  //枚举小于等于n的元素
{
for(int j=0;j<=n;j++)//范围，因为最大只要到n即可
{
for(int k=0;k<=n;k+=i*i)//看最多能加几个当前元素
{
c2[j+k]+=c1[j];
}
}
for(int j=0;j<=n;j++)//更新c1,c2
{
c1[j]=c2[j];
c2[j]=0;
}
}
printf("%d\n",c1[n]);
}
}