cv2光流法

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/github_39611196/article/details/81166057

本篇博客主要介绍cv2模块中光流法,cv2.calcOpticalFlowPyrLK()。

由于目标对象或者摄像机的移动造成的图像对象在连续两帧图像中的移动成为光流。

它是一个2D向量场,可以用来显示一个点从第一帧图像到第二帧图像的移动。

光流法的应用领域:

(1)、由运动重建结构

(2)、视频压缩

(3)、Video Stabilization

示例代码:

import numpy as np
import cv2

cap = cv2.VideoCapture('../data/slow.flv')

# ShiTomasi corner detection的参数
feature_params = dict(maxCorners=100,
                      qualityLevel=0.3,
                      minDistance=7,
                      blockSize=7)
# 光流法参数
# maxLevel 未使用的图像金字塔层数
lk_params = dict(winSize=(15, 15),
                 maxLevel=2,
                 criteria=(cv2.TERM_CRITERIA_EPS | cv2.TERM_CRITERIA_COUNT, 10, 0.03))

# 创建随机生成的颜色
color = np.random.randint(0, 255, (100, 3))

# 取出视频的第一帧
ret, old_frame = cap.read()
old_gray = cv2.cvtColor(old_frame, cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)
p0 = cv2.goodFeaturesToTrack(old_gray, mask=None, **feature_params)
# 为绘制创建掩码图片
mask = np.zeros_like(old_frame)

while True:
    ret, frame = cap.read()
    frame_gray = cv2.cvtColor(frame, cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)
    # 计算光流以获取点的新位置
    p1, st, err = cv2.calcOpticalFlowPyrLK(old_gray, frame_gray, p0, None, **lk_params)
    # 选择good points
    good_new = p1[st == 1]
    good_old = p0[st == 1]
    # 绘制跟踪框
    for i, (new, old) in enumerate(zip(good_new, good_old)):
        a, b = new.ravel()
        c, d = old.ravel()
        mask = cv2.line(mask, (a, b), (c, d), color[i].tolist(), 2)
        frame = cv2.circle(frame, (a, b), 5, color[i].tolist(), -1)
    img = cv2.add(frame, mask)
    cv2.imshow('frame', img)
    k = cv2.waitKey(30)  # & 0xff
    if k == 27:
        break
    old_gray = frame_gray.copy()
    p0 = good_new.reshape(-1, 1, 2)

cv2.destroyAllWindows()
cap.release()

 

输出结果:

 

稠密光流:

示例代码:

import cv2
import numpy as np

cap = cv2.VideoCapture('../data/vtest.avi')

ret, frame1 = cap.read()

prvs = cv2.cvtColor(frame1, cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)
hsv = np.zeros_like(frame1)
hsv[..., 1] = 255

while True:
    ret, frame2 = cap.read()
    next = cv2.cvtColor(frame2, cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)
    flow = cv2.calcOpticalFlowFarneback(prvs, next, None, 0.5, 3, 15, 3, 5, 1.2, 0)
    mag, ang = cv2.cartToPolar(flow[..., 0], flow[..., 1])
    hsv[..., 0] = ang * 180 / np.pi /2
    hsv[..., 2] = cv2.normalize(mag, None, 0, 255, cv2.NORM_MINMAX)
    bgr = cv2.cvtColor(hsv, cv2.COLOR_HSV2BGR)

    cv2.imshow('frame2', frame2)
    cv2.imshow('flow', bgr)
    k = cv2.waitKey(1) & 0xff
    if k == 27:
        break
    elif k == ord('s'):
        cv2.imwrite('opticalfb.png', frame2)
        cv2.imwrite('opticalhsv.png', bgr)
    prvs = next

cap.release()
cv2.destroyAllWindows()

运行结果:

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