utbutu16.10 安装pyaudio模块过程出现错误 fatal error: portaudio.h: 没有那个文件或目录 error: command 'x86_64-linux-gn

utbutu16.10 安装pyaudio模块过程出现错误
使用的命令包括
pip install pyaudio
apt-get install pyaudio
错误如下
fatal error: portaudio.h: 没有那个文件或目录
   #include "portaudio.h"
                         ^
  compilation terminated.
  error: command 'x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc' failed with exit status 1


全部错误内容
Collecting pyaudio
  Using cached PyAudio-0.2.10.tar.gz
Building wheels for collected packages: pyaudio
  Running setup.py bdist_wheel for pyaudio ... error
  Complete output from command /usr/bin/python -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-N7fWcj/pyaudio/setup.py';f=getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('\r\n', '\n');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, 'exec'))" bdist_wheel -d /tmp/tmpMp72y8pip-wheel- --python-tag cp27:
  running bdist_wheel
  running build
  running build_py
  creating build
  creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7
  copying src/pyaudio.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7
  running build_ext
  building '_portaudio' extension
  creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7
  creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/src
  x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc -pthread -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O2 -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -fno-strict-aliasing -Wdate-time -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -g -fdebug-prefix-map=/build/python2.7-lMBuS3/python2.7-2.7.12=. -fstack-protector-strong -Wformat -Werror=format-security -fPIC -I/usr/include/python2.7 -c src/_portaudiomodule.c -o build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/src/_portaudiomodule.o
  src/_portaudiomodule.c:29:23: fatal error: portaudio.h: 没有那个文件或目录
   #include "portaudio.h"
                         ^
  compilation terminated.
  error: command 'x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc' failed with exit status 1
  
  ----------------------------------------
  Failed building wheel for pyaudio
  Running setup.py clean for pyaudio
Failed to build pyaudio
Installing collected packages: pyaudio
  Running setup.py install for pyaudio ... error
    Complete output from command /usr/bin/python -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-N7fWcj/pyaudio/setup.py';f=getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('\r\n', '\n');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, 'exec'))" install --record /tmp/pip-OSPhXf-record/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile:
    running install
    running build
    running build_py
    creating build
    creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7
    copying src/pyaudio.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7
    running build_ext
    building '_portaudio' extension
    creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7
    creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/src
    x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc -pthread -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O2 -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -fno-strict-aliasing -Wdate-time -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -g -fdebug-prefix-map=/build/python2.7-lMBuS3/python2.7-2.7.12=. -fstack-protector-strong -Wformat -Werror=format-security -fPIC -I/usr/include/python2.7 -c src/_portaudiomodule.c -o build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/src/_portaudiomodule.o
    src/_portaudiomodule.c:29:23: fatal error: portaudio.h: 没有那个文件或目录
     #include "portaudio.h"
                           ^
    compilation terminated.
    error: command 'x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc' failed with exit status 1
    
    ----------------------------------------
Command "/usr/bin/python -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-N7fWcj/pyaudio/setup.py';f=getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('\r\n', '\n');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, 'exec'))" install --record /tmp/pip-OSPhXf-record/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile" failed with error code 1 in /tmp/pip-build-N7fWcj/pyaudio/


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
在https://www.pythonanywhere.com/forums/topic/3158/看到解决办法
使用 sudo apt-get install python-pyaudio python3-pyaudio安装


原文
Thanks for the input. I'm trying to use the Python Speech Recognition app https://pypi.python.org/pypi/SpeechRecognition/ to allow voice input through the Microphone. The install instructions to use the microphone are:


PyAudio (for microphone users)


If you want to use audio input from microphones, PyAudio is also necessary. If not installed, the library will still work, but Microphone will not be defined.


On Windows, install PyAudio using Pip: pip install pyaudio. On Debian and Debian-based Linux distributions like Ubuntu, install PyAudio using APT: execute sudo apt-get install python-pyaudio python3-pyaudio in a terminal, which will install PyAudio for both Python 2 and Python 3. On OS X, install PortAudio using Homebrew: brew install portaudio. Then, install PyAudio using Pip: pip install pyaudio. On other POSIX-based systems, install the portaudio19-dev and python-all-dev using a package manager of your choice, and then install PyAudio using Pip: pip install pyaudio.


Does anyone know how to install pyaudio?
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


 

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